27
Jan
2011
Lonicera xylosteum
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
2
0

Scientific Name - xylosteum Lonicera L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - Asian Honeysuckle, madreselva Pelosi.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.

Description - shrub, branched from the base, dense, erect, thin branches at first pubescent, then glabrata. Bark yellow-green to gray-brown. Leaves simple, 6 cm long, margins entire, pubescent on both sides, dark green on top, lighter green on the bottom; autumn leaves with a green-yellow short stalks. Monoecious and hermaphrodite flowers, up to 2 cm, bilabiate, yellow and white, grouped by two. Blooms in May-June, after leaf. Baca fruit, bright red, contains fourseeds poisonous.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - drought.

Requirements - soil moist, well-drained, sunny exhibitions until the semi-shady.

Diseases and pests - Limenitis Camilla maturna Melitaea.

Properties and Uses - ornamental shrub.

Curiosity - fruits contain tannins, pectin and fructoziu.

The genus name was dedicated to Adam Lonitzer Linne.

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