Scientific name - Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Popular names - Pico de Paloma.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Tenerife and the Canary Islands. Species halofila with some elements in Frankenio-Astydamietum xerophytes latifoliae, grows beside Schizogyne serum, Salsola divaricata, Astydamia latifolia and Crithmum maritimum. Endemic to Tenerife, where it grows in the north island.
Tenerife is represented only by a few individuals located onland rocks by the sea.
Description - herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent. Blossom stalk terminal vegetative axillary short 1.6 flowers, pedicel 5-10 mm long, moderately densely pubescent, calyx campanulata, about 5 mm in diameter, but zigomorfic curved, upper pair by SEPA are 8 mm long, lateral sepalele about 4 mm long, inner surface is densely short-pubescent, rarely pubescent outside, edges Chile men. Yellow-orange flowers, wings like a clamp, primary language or ovat lanceolata, pinna, about 20 x 6 mm, very rarely pubescent, tongs, about 5 mm long; vexillum about 25 mm long, powerful recurvat, verthe dark on the outside and a dark brown stripe in the middle, in length, lanceolata, top acute ovata hull, about 30 mm long, brown to the top; androceu diadelf, 5 stamens longer, about 18 mm and 4 stamens shorter , about 12 mm long, filaments united at the base. Blooms from December to May. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit 3-4 cm long, cylindrical, linear glabru, tablet after each seed. Seeds spherical or ovoid, dark brown, shiny, become black. 2n = 28
Growth rate - hard.
Tolerances - more types of soil, including the dry and sandy, but the alkaline-acidic. They tolerate dry soil better than wet. Not tolerate temperatures less than (-3 ˚ C)
Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibition sunny.
Management - cutting are spring, only if necessary.
Propagation - by seeds sownis in containers, spring or fall to 19-24 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati summer, 10 cm long cuttings treated with hormones.
Diseases and pests - are sick leaves in environments with high humidity and stale air. Can be attacked by spiders, aphids, Pseudococcus sp. (mealy bug), which causes leaf incretirea. Pronubana Cacoecimorpha larvae, can be implemented based on biological larvicide treatment.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazon Sunset', 'Gold Flash', 'Golden Treasure', 'Red Fla.sh ',' Yellow Flash '.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
David Joyce - Best Flowers to Grow and Cut - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Larry Hodgson - Annuals for Every Purpose - Roda Books, 2002
Roger DAjoz - Tratado de Ecologia - Mundiprensa, 2003
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.