29
Apr
2009
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
House Plant | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Lotus maculatus Breitf.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Pico de Paloma.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Tenerife and the Canary Islands. Species halofila with some elements in Frankenio-Astydamietum xerophytes latifoliae, grows beside Schizogyne serum, Salsola divaricata, Astydamia latifolia and Crithmum maritimum. Endemic to Tenerife, where it grows in the north island.

Tenerife is represented only by a few individuals located onland rocks by the sea.

Description - herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent. Blossom stalk terminal vegetative axillary short 1.6 flowers, pedicel 5-10 mm long, moderately densely pubescent, calyx campanulata, about 5 mm in diameter, but zigomorfic curved, upper pair by SEPA are 8 mm long, lateral sepalele about 4 mm long, inner surface is densely short-pubescent, rarely pubescent outside, edges Chile men. Yellow-orange flowers, wings like a clamp, primary language or ovat lanceolata, pinna, about 20 x 6 mm, very rarely pubescent, tongs, about 5 mm long; vexillum about 25 mm long, powerful recurvat, verthe dark on the outside and a dark brown stripe in the middle, in length, lanceolata, top acute ovata hull, about 30 mm long, brown to the top; androceu diadelf, 5 stamens longer, about 18 mm and 4 stamens shorter , about 12 mm long, filaments united at the base. Blooms from December to May. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit 3-4 cm long, cylindrical, linear glabru, tablet after each seed. Seeds spherical or ovoid, dark brown, shiny, become black. 2n = 28

Growth rate - hard.

Tolerances - more types of soil, including the dry and sandy, but the alkaline-acidic. They tolerate dry soil better than wet. Not tolerate temperatures less than (-3 ˚ C)

Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibition sunny.

Management - cutting are spring, only if necessary.

Propagation - by seeds sownis in containers, spring or fall to 19-24 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati summer, 10 cm long cuttings treated with hormones.

Diseases and pests - are sick leaves in environments with high humidity and stale air. Can be attacked by spiders, aphids, Pseudococcus sp. (mealy bug), which causes leaf incretirea. Pronubana Cacoecimorpha larvae, can be implemented based on biological larvicide treatment.

Natural partners and Garden - Heliotropium arborescens, Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens', Strobilanthes dyeriana.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazon Sunset', 'Gold Flash', 'Golden Treasure', 'Red Fla.sh ',' Yellow Flash '.

Properties and Uses --

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004

Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000

David Joyce - Best Flowers to Grow and Cut - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Larry Hodgson - Annuals for Every Purpose - Roda Books, 2002

Roger DAjoz - Tratado de Ecologia - Mundiprensa, 2003

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