Scientific name - Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Popular names - Pico de Paloma.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Tenerife and the Canary Islands. Species halofila with some elements in Frankenio-Astydamietum xerophytes latifoliae, grows beside Schizogyne serum, Salsola divaricata, Astydamia latifolia and Crithmum maritimum. Endemic to Tenerife, where it grows in the north island.
Tenerife is represented only by a few individuals located onland rocks by the sea.
Description - herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent. Blossom stalk terminal vegetative axillary short 1.6 flowers, pedicel 5-10 mm long, moderately densely pubescent, calyx campanulata, about 5 mm in diameter, but zigomorfic curved, upper pair by SEPA are 8 mm long, lateral sepalele about 4 mm long, inner surface is densely short-pubescent, rarely pubescent outside, edges Chile men. Yellow-orange flowers, wings like a clamp, primary language or ovat lanceolata, pinna, about 20 x 6 mm, very rarely pubescent, tongs, about 5 mm long; vexillum about 25 mm long, powerful recurvat, verthe dark on the outside and a dark brown stripe in the middle, in length, lanceolata, top acute ovata hull, about 30 mm long, brown to the top; androceu diadelf, 5 stamens longer, about 18 mm and 4 stamens shorter , about 12 mm long, filaments united at the base. Blooms from December to May. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit 3-4 cm long, cylindrical, linear glabru, tablet after each seed. Seeds spherical or ovoid, dark brown, shiny, become black. 2n = 28
Growth rate - hard.
Tolerances - more types of soil, including the dry and sandy, but the alkaline-acidic. They tolerate dry soil better than wet. Not tolerate temperatures less than (-3 ˚ C)
Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibition sunny.
Management - cutting are spring, only if necessary.
Propagation - by seeds sownis in containers, spring or fall to 19-24 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati summer, 10 cm long cuttings treated with hormones.
Diseases and pests - are sick leaves in environments with high humidity and stale air. Can be attacked by spiders, aphids, Pseudococcus sp. (mealy bug), which causes leaf incretirea. Pronubana Cacoecimorpha larvae, can be implemented based on biological larvicide treatment.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazon Sunset', 'Gold Flash', 'Golden Treasure', 'Red Fla.sh ',' Yellow Flash '.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
David Joyce - Best Flowers to Grow and Cut - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Larry Hodgson - Annuals for Every Purpose - Roda Books, 2002
Roger DAjoz - Tratado de Ecologia - Mundiprensa, 2003
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.
Culture and maintenance of species of Tillandsia
Of all the plants discovered by Elias Tillandsia, Tillandsia is the most fascinating kind for the variety of forms, the beauty of flowers and original way to hranii without using root.
Aeonium arboreum - tree aeonium
Sunshrub native from Maroc, stem branching, leaves borne at the ends of the branches in rather flat rosettes.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Trees and shrubs
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Digitalis grandiflora - Perennial species, pubescent; natural range is Eurosiberian, increases in forest edge, and boschetelor, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).