Scientific name - Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Popular names - Pico de Paloma.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Tenerife and the Canary Islands. Species halofila with some elements in Frankenio-Astydamietum xerophytes latifoliae, grows beside Schizogyne serum, Salsola divaricata, Astydamia latifolia and Crithmum maritimum. Endemic to Tenerife, where it grows in the north island.
Tenerife is represented only by a few individuals located onland rocks by the sea.
Description - herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent. Blossom stalk terminal vegetative axillary short 1.6 flowers, pedicel 5-10 mm long, moderately densely pubescent, calyx campanulata, about 5 mm in diameter, but zigomorfic curved, upper pair by SEPA are 8 mm long, lateral sepalele about 4 mm long, inner surface is densely short-pubescent, rarely pubescent outside, edges Chile men. Yellow-orange flowers, wings like a clamp, primary language or ovat lanceolata, pinna, about 20 x 6 mm, very rarely pubescent, tongs, about 5 mm long; vexillum about 25 mm long, powerful recurvat, verthe dark on the outside and a dark brown stripe in the middle, in length, lanceolata, top acute ovata hull, about 30 mm long, brown to the top; androceu diadelf, 5 stamens longer, about 18 mm and 4 stamens shorter , about 12 mm long, filaments united at the base. Blooms from December to May. Pollination and pollinating entomofila. Fruit 3-4 cm long, cylindrical, linear glabru, tablet after each seed. Seeds spherical or ovoid, dark brown, shiny, become black. 2n = 28
Growth rate - hard.
Tolerances - more types of soil, including the dry and sandy, but the alkaline-acidic. They tolerate dry soil better than wet. Not tolerate temperatures less than (-3 ˚ C)
Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibition sunny.
Management - cutting are spring, only if necessary.
Propagation - by seeds sownis in containers, spring or fall to 19-24 ˚ C. The seedlings semilignificati summer, 10 cm long cuttings treated with hormones.
Diseases and pests - are sick leaves in environments with high humidity and stale air. Can be attacked by spiders, aphids, Pseudococcus sp. (mealy bug), which causes leaf incretirea. Pronubana Cacoecimorpha larvae, can be implemented based on biological larvicide treatment.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Amazon Sunset', 'Gold Flash', 'Golden Treasure', 'Red Fla.sh ',' Yellow Flash '.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Allan M. Armitage - Armitage's Garden Annuals - Timber Press, 2004
Barbara Ellis - Taylor's Guide to Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
David Joyce - Best Flowers to Grow and Cut - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Larry Hodgson - Annuals for Every Purpose - Roda Books, 2002
Roger DAjoz - Tratado de Ecologia - Mundiprensa, 2003
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise
Environmental problems of herbal apartment
Plants suffering physiological changes to adapt to climate change.
This is the time when plants suffer transported inside a time of stress. This exchange of environmental condition than growth, flowering, fruit production and in worst cases, can cause plant wilting.
Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Trees and shrubs
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.