09
Sep
2009
Luffa cylindrica
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica

Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.

Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.

Distribution and Habitat --

Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.

Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.

Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.

Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.

To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.

Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.

In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.

In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.

The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.

References

DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998

HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007

Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007

Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998

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