Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica
Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.
Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.
Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.
Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.
Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.
To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.
Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.
In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.
In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.
The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.
DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998
HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996
Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972
Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007
Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007
Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.
Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.