Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica
Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.
Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.
Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.
Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.
Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.
To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.
Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.
In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.
In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.
The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.
DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998
HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996
Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972
Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007
Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007
Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Aloe vera Mill.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil
Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.