09
Sep
2009
Luffa cylindrica
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica

Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.

Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.

Distribution and Habitat --

Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.

Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.

Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.

Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.

To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.

Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.

In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.

In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.

The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.

References

DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998

HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007

Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007

Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

 
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta

Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.

 
Plants, women and menstrual pain

Vitex Agnus-castus L. - mature and dried fruits are used. An infusion of the fruit can help when you feel nervous, in pre-menstrual phases in the menstrual period, menopause, increases the amount of breast milk, useful against acne.

 
Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

 
Flowers
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales

Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.

 
Campanula glomerata

Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.

 
Tulipa

Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.

Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.

 
Physostegia virginiana

Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.

Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.

 
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful

Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.

 
Magnoliopsida
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia

Gloxinia is from Brazil, was discovered in 1785. Name of Gloxinia speciosa was named in honor of Benjamin Peter Gloxinia. In 1825, he was separated from the genus Gloxinia the new name of sinningias.

 
Chorisia speciosa

Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.

 
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan

Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.

 
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod

Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.

 
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field

Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links