09
Sep
2009
Luffa cylindrica
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica

Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.

Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.

Distribution and Habitat --

Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.

Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.

Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.

Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.

To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.

Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.

In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.

In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.

The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.

References

DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998

HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007

Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007

Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Madhuca longifolia Macb.

Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals

 
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit

Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Ceratonia siliqua L.

Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper

 
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

 
Flowers
Buphthalmum salicifolium

Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.

 
Papaver aurantiacum

Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.

 
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata

  Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.

Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Dictamnus albus L.

Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.

 
Magnoliopsida
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak

Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.

 
Calophyllum inophyllum

Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.

 
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder

Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.

 
Malus floribunda Siebold

Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.

 
Betula alba

Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links