Scientific name - Luffa cylindrica
Synonyms - Schumacher & Thonning nauseating Luffa, Momordica cylindrica L., Momordica Luffa L.
Popular names - Dish cloth, sponge gourd, vegetable sponge, cabacinha, and gua, gua shui, see Kwa, hechima, ITO's, is forafora, Kofu, sarado, chochore, djadar, Sara Dion, soothe the Renaissance, yaro, pondji , yaro, ntsanya, cisisi, terreggi, ratin, Baska, GABA did.
Distribution and Habitat --
Description - herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter. Style columnar, 5 stamens. Fruit pendulum, cylindrical-oblong, 15-50 x 6-8 cm, smooth, with longitudinal stripes. Seeds numerous, ovoid-oblong, smooth, rarely wings. 2n = 26
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - sensitive to frost. Tolerate transplanting. Not tolerate the high riodale drought.
Requirements - nisipo-loamy soil rich in organic matter, pH 5.5-6.7. Optimum temperature 25-27 C.
Management - before planting apply fertilizer nitrogen and phosphorus. The soil should be kept moist.
Propagation - the seeds before cultivation should be kept 24 hours in water. Approximately 75% of the seeds germinate. Are planted at 60 cm distance between plants, plants are tutoreaza. Keeps its seeds germination a year, if kept to 10-12 C.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental plants, like vegetables and fiber. The fruit is edible only in stage tANAR. Fruit mature becomes spongy. Stalk, leaves and flower buds are edible. In China and Japan are dried fresh fruit to use in winter.
To get materiaslul foam, dry fruits mature and are inserted in the water for several days, so the meat away easily.
Fruits can be stored 3-4 days in cold places, without adverse effects.
In Guinea, powder of seeds is used against intestinal virmilor and is applied to flesh wounds.
In Congo, a preparation based radacinieste actually considered impotrivaq tumor, the seeds are used as emollient, and leaves for rapid healing.
The Chinese Pharmacopoeia, vascular fiber is submitted as a treatment against paralysis. Is used in traditional medicine against bronchitis and as antitussive.
DK Salunkhe, SS Kadam - Handbook of Vegetable Science and Technology - CRCPress, 1998
HD Neuwinger - African ethnobotany - poisons and Drugs - Chapman and Hall, 1996
Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972
Joy Larkcom - Oriental Vegetables - Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2007
Jules Janick, Robert E. Paul - The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts - CABI Publishing, 2007
Susan McCue - Specialty & Minor Crops Handbook - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 1998
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Glycine max - soybean
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.