Scientific name - Lychnis coronaria
Synonyms - Agrostemma coronaria, Champion rosea white.
Popular names - the king's beard, rainbow, wedding flower, rose campion, mullein pink, Dusty Miller.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from southern and eastern Europe.
Description - herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long, calyx tube oblong-campanulata, 10-12 mm long, lobes obovata, twisted, 15 x 10 mm, 5 petals bright red. Bracts like the leaves, 10-20 mm. Blooms in June-August. Fruit capsule. Seminte reniforme or subcircular, flattened or slightly-convex, 1-1.2 x 0.9-1 mm. 2n = 24
Tolerances - shadows in the morning. Minimum temperatures incurred ͦ -15 C.
Requirements - to adapt to any well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunny.
Management - after blooming, the plants can be clipped to ground level.
Propagation - by seed or autumn from February to April.
Diseases and pests - inflorescences can be attacked by aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Delphinium elatum, Byzantine Stachys, Verbascum olympicum.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba' with white flowers. 'Atrosanguinea' with dark red flowers.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Lychnis is dedicated to St John.
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardensfor Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
LL Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Vit Bojnasky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Convolvulus althaeoides - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Mediterranean basin, growing in dry places, on the streets.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.