Scientific name - Lychnis coronaria
Synonyms - Agrostemma coronaria, Champion rosea white.
Popular names - the king's beard, rainbow, wedding flower, rose campion, mullein pink, Dusty Miller.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from southern and eastern Europe.
Description - herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long, calyx tube oblong-campanulata, 10-12 mm long, lobes obovata, twisted, 15 x 10 mm, 5 petals bright red. Bracts like the leaves, 10-20 mm. Blooms in June-August. Fruit capsule. Seminte reniforme or subcircular, flattened or slightly-convex, 1-1.2 x 0.9-1 mm. 2n = 24
Tolerances - shadows in the morning. Minimum temperatures incurred ͦ -15 C.
Requirements - to adapt to any well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunny.
Management - after blooming, the plants can be clipped to ground level.
Propagation - by seed or autumn from February to April.
Diseases and pests - inflorescences can be attacked by aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Delphinium elatum, Byzantine Stachys, Verbascum olympicum.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba' with white flowers. 'Atrosanguinea' with dark red flowers.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Lychnis is dedicated to St John.
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardensfor Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
LL Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Vit Bojnasky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.