10
Jun
2009
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Lychnis coronaria

Synonyms - Agrostemma coronaria, Champion rosea white.

Popular names - the king's beard, rainbow, wedding flower, rose campion, mullein pink, Dusty Miller.

Distribution and Habitat - originating from southern and eastern Europe.

Description - herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long, calyx tube oblong-campanulata, 10-12 mm long, lobes obovata, twisted, 15 x 10 mm, 5 petals bright red. Bracts like the leaves, 10-20 mm. Blooms in June-August. Fruit capsule. Seminte reniforme or subcircular, flattened or slightly-convex, 1-1.2 x 0.9-1 mm. 2n = 24

Tolerances - shadows in the morning. Minimum temperatures incurred ͦ -15 C.

Requirements - to adapt to any well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunny.

Management - after blooming, the plants can be clipped to ground level.

Propagation - by seed or autumn from February to April.

Diseases and pests - inflorescences can be attacked by aphids.

Natural partners and Garden - Delphinium elatum, Byzantine Stachys, Verbascum olympicum.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba' with white flowers. 'Atrosanguinea' with dark red flowers.

Properties and Uses --

Myth, Legend and Folklore - Lychnis is dedicated to St John.

References

Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardensfor Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998

LL Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000

Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008

Vit Bojnasky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007

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