Scientific name - Lychnis coronaria
Synonyms - Agrostemma coronaria, Champion rosea white.
Popular names - the king's beard, rainbow, wedding flower, rose campion, mullein pink, Dusty Miller.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from southern and eastern Europe.
Description - herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long, calyx tube oblong-campanulata, 10-12 mm long, lobes obovata, twisted, 15 x 10 mm, 5 petals bright red. Bracts like the leaves, 10-20 mm. Blooms in June-August. Fruit capsule. Seminte reniforme or subcircular, flattened or slightly-convex, 1-1.2 x 0.9-1 mm. 2n = 24
Tolerances - shadows in the morning. Minimum temperatures incurred ͦ -15 C.
Requirements - to adapt to any well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunny.
Management - after blooming, the plants can be clipped to ground level.
Propagation - by seed or autumn from February to April.
Diseases and pests - inflorescences can be attacked by aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Delphinium elatum, Byzantine Stachys, Verbascum olympicum.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba' with white flowers. 'Atrosanguinea' with dark red flowers.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Lychnis is dedicated to St John.
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardensfor Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
LL Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Vit Bojnasky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.