Scientific name - Lychnis coronaria
Synonyms - Agrostemma coronaria, Champion rosea white.
Popular names - the king's beard, rainbow, wedding flower, rose campion, mullein pink, Dusty Miller.
Distribution and Habitat - originating from southern and eastern Europe.
Description - herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long, calyx tube oblong-campanulata, 10-12 mm long, lobes obovata, twisted, 15 x 10 mm, 5 petals bright red. Bracts like the leaves, 10-20 mm. Blooms in June-August. Fruit capsule. Seminte reniforme or subcircular, flattened or slightly-convex, 1-1.2 x 0.9-1 mm. 2n = 24
Tolerances - shadows in the morning. Minimum temperatures incurred ͦ -15 C.
Requirements - to adapt to any well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunny.
Management - after blooming, the plants can be clipped to ground level.
Propagation - by seed or autumn from February to April.
Diseases and pests - inflorescences can be attacked by aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Delphinium elatum, Byzantine Stachys, Verbascum olympicum.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Alba' with white flowers. 'Atrosanguinea' with dark red flowers.
Properties and Uses --
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Lychnis is dedicated to St John.
Julie Ryan - Perennial Gardensfor Texas - University of Texas Press, 1998
LL Hillegass - Flower Gardening in the Hot Midwest - University of Illinois Press, 2000
Tomasz Anisko - When Perennials Bloom - Timber Press, 2008
Vit Bojnasky, Agata Fargasova - Atlas of Seeds and Fruits of Central and East-European Flora - Springer, 2007
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Viola x wittrockiana
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.