07
Jun
2011
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
8
0

Scientific Name - Lychnis flos-cuckoo L.

Synonyms - Melandrium flos-cuculi Rohl. Deutschl; Silene flos-cuculi Greuter & Burdet.

Popular names - floarea cucului, fior di cuculo, crotonella fior di cuculo, ragged Robin, Kakuk szunyogvirag.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.

Description - perennial species. Stems tall, 30-90 cm, flowering and sterile shoots. Floriferous axes erect, angular, hairy short dispersed. Lower leaves spatulate oblong, acute, the upper linear lanceolate, green, rough. Flowers in dichazii rare, short Pedunculated. Campanula calyx-tube, glabru, 1 cm long, green or roziu, with 10 ribs. Petal pink, rarely white, 4 fidate, lacinii linear, palmately divided. Coronula deep bidentdenticle attached or external face. Blooms in May-August. Fruit capsule opens at maturity by 5 teeth short, acute. Seeds numerous, kidney-shaped, brown warts aculeate, up to 0.7 mm.

Curious - is an indicator species of water and wet.

Lychnis, a name given by Theophrast (327-287 BC) in 'lychnos' = lamp.

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