11
Sep
2009
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Lycium barbarum L. 1753

Lycium genus name derives from the Greek lykion, ancient name of Rhamnus species of Lycia.

Synonyms - halimifolium Lycium, Lycium vulgare.

Popular names - sea of fences, Gou-Qi-day, Wolfberry, Matrimony-vine common, Licio humble, lyciet commun, Gewohnlicher Bocksdorn, tankugijanamu.

Distribution and Habitat - the original wetlands in southern China.

Description - thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes, 5 stamens, pedicleHe 0.6-1.5 cm long. Blooms in June-August. Baca Fruit ellipsoidal, 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, bright red. Approximately 20 seeds / fruit.

Growth rate - fast.

Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring greenhouse. Germinate well and quickly, is preserved under glass in the first winter. Outside, spring or early summer planting. The Ciupe young branches to stimulate new growth.

By cuttings, cuttings with heel, semi-lignificati, 5-10 cm long, in July-August in greenhouses.

Division of bushes, winter shoots are planted directly into standing position.

Cultivars - cv. hemp leaf - dark green leaves, or linear-lanceolata lanceolata, 6-12 cm long, bright red fruit, 1.8-2.2 cm long x 0.6-1 cm diameter, 20.8% protein.

cv. white branch - dark green leaves, lanceolata, 2-5 x 0.5-1 cm, branches gray-white, fruit scarlet, 1.4-2 cm long and 0.6-1 cm Diameing, protein 15.4%

cv. yellow leaf - yellow-green leaves, lanceolata, fruit oblong, round the top, 1.4-1.8 cm long and 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter.

Properties and Uses - good ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum is considered the richest in nutrient substances, contain beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1 and B2, minerals, antioxidants and amino acids.

In India, the fruit is used to treat eye diseases. For cataract is an infusion of Lycium barbarum, Chrysanthemum morifolium and green tea.

For glaucoma is one of the seeds of Cassia obtussifolia tea and green tea.

Flavonoid content of leaves and flowers of Lycium barbarum are active against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.

PolysaccharidesFruit extracts are immunostimulating, antioxidant.

Dried fruit and root bark reduce cholesterol.

Lycium barbarum can be used for anemia, burns, colds, inflammations, skin infections, vision problems in cancer treatment.

Fruits and root bark are contraindicated for people with bleeding and hypoglycaemic. Ask for medical advice!

A mix of Sida spinosa (root), Glycyrrhiza glabra (root), Lycium barbarum (leaves), Pistacia integerrima and Mesua ferrite (anther) induced cases of sterility in the community Bhat (India).

Lycium barbarum can be used as a stabilizer of the sands, because of the good root system whichit develops and on sandy soils.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - Chinese soups made from the fruit of Lycium barbarum.

The fruit of Lycium barbarum was entered in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, the plant officinal in 1985, as the root and bark.

Lycium barbarum grown in Europe for many centuries.

Lycium has been imported from India, and was mentioned by the Romans as Indian herb grown in Alexandria in 176-180 en

Lycium barbatum was a very popular shrub for my grandfather.

References

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants & ndash, Springer, 2007

Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2001

Jack E. Staub - 75 Remarkable Fruits for Your Garden - Gibbs M. Smith, 2008

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, R Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Shiu-Ying Hu - Food Plants of China - Chinese University Press, 2006

Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chonqxi - Herbal Emissaries - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992

Sylvia Escott-Stump - Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007

Woodland Publishing - Top 10 Supplements - Woodland Publishing, 2006

Young-Su Zhen - Tea- Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential - CRC, 2002

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

 
Green tea properties

Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.

 
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Quillaja saponaria

Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

 
Trees and shrubs
Felicia amelloides

Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.

Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.

 
Indigofera jucunda

Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.

 
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link

Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.

Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.

 
Teline nervosa

Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.

 
Magnoliopsida
Cyphomandra betacea

Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.

 
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Juicy species, perennial, native to Madagascar, was introduced in Europe in 1920. The species is named after Robert Blossfeld. Undergrowth of 40 cm height. Leaves simple, opposite, succulent, elliptic to ovata, the strains are from the top of Blong-lanceolata, 2-10 cm long, red margin, crenate, glabra.

 
Campanula spicata

Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.

 
Pimelea physodes

Pimelea physodes is a species indigenous to Australia. Stem erect, branched, 0.2-1 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves opposite, Sesia, elliptic, acute nested. Capital terminal, solitary, nutant, large bracts, 4-6 cm, yellow, green, red or purple, perianth roots, the average tube, stamens long.

 
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia

Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.

Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links