Scientific name - Lycium barbarum L. 1753
Lycium genus name derives from the Greek lykion, ancient name of Rhamnus species of Lycia.
Synonyms - halimifolium Lycium, Lycium vulgare.
Popular names - sea of fences, Gou-Qi-day, Wolfberry, Matrimony-vine common, Licio humble, lyciet commun, Gewohnlicher Bocksdorn, tankugijanamu.
Distribution and Habitat - the original wetlands in southern China.
Description - thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes, 5 stamens, pedicleHe 0.6-1.5 cm long. Blooms in June-August. Baca Fruit ellipsoidal, 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, bright red. Approximately 20 seeds / fruit.
Growth rate - fast.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring greenhouse. Germinate well and quickly, is preserved under glass in the first winter. Outside, spring or early summer planting. The Ciupe young branches to stimulate new growth.
By cuttings, cuttings with heel, semi-lignificati, 5-10 cm long, in July-August in greenhouses.
Division of bushes, winter shoots are planted directly into standing position.
Cultivars - cv. hemp leaf - dark green leaves, or linear-lanceolata lanceolata, 6-12 cm long, bright red fruit, 1.8-2.2 cm long x 0.6-1 cm diameter, 20.8% protein.
cv. white branch - dark green leaves, lanceolata, 2-5 x 0.5-1 cm, branches gray-white, fruit scarlet, 1.4-2 cm long and 0.6-1 cm Diameing, protein 15.4%
cv. yellow leaf - yellow-green leaves, lanceolata, fruit oblong, round the top, 1.4-1.8 cm long and 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter.
Properties and Uses - good ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum is considered the richest in nutrient substances, contain beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1 and B2, minerals, antioxidants and amino acids.
In India, the fruit is used to treat eye diseases. For cataract is an infusion of Lycium barbarum, Chrysanthemum morifolium and green tea.
For glaucoma is one of the seeds of Cassia obtussifolia tea and green tea.
Flavonoid content of leaves and flowers of Lycium barbarum are active against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.
PolysaccharidesFruit extracts are immunostimulating, antioxidant.
Dried fruit and root bark reduce cholesterol.
Lycium barbarum can be used for anemia, burns, colds, inflammations, skin infections, vision problems in cancer treatment.
Fruits and root bark are contraindicated for people with bleeding and hypoglycaemic. Ask for medical advice!
A mix of Sida spinosa (root), Glycyrrhiza glabra (root), Lycium barbarum (leaves), Pistacia integerrima and Mesua ferrite (anther) induced cases of sterility in the community Bhat (India).
Lycium barbarum can be used as a stabilizer of the sands, because of the good root system whichit develops and on sandy soils.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Chinese soups made from the fruit of Lycium barbarum.
The fruit of Lycium barbarum was entered in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, the plant officinal in 1985, as the root and bark.
Lycium barbarum grown in Europe for many centuries.
Lycium has been imported from India, and was mentioned by the Romans as Indian herb grown in Alexandria in 176-180 en
Lycium barbatum was a very popular shrub for my grandfather.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants & ndash, Springer, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2001
Jack E. Staub - 75 Remarkable Fruits for Your Garden - Gibbs M. Smith, 2008
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, R Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Shiu-Ying Hu - Food Plants of China - Chinese University Press, 2006
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chonqxi - Herbal Emissaries - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Sylvia Escott-Stump - Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007
Woodland Publishing - Top 10 Supplements - Woodland Publishing, 2006
Young-Su Zhen - Tea- Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential - CRC, 2002
Green tea properties
Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Trees and shrubs
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Delosperma cooperi originated southern Africa. Prostrata or erect stem, grows up to 13 cm high and 60 inches wide. Leaves opposite, succulent, cylindrical or 3 angles, without stipule. Flowers solitary or Cime, terminal or axillary, 8 cm diameter, open purple, calyx with 5 lobes unequal, inferior ovary with 5 rooms.
Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.