Scientific name - Lycium barbarum L. 1753
Lycium genus name derives from the Greek lykion, ancient name of Rhamnus species of Lycia.
Synonyms - halimifolium Lycium, Lycium vulgare.
Popular names - sea of fences, Gou-Qi-day, Wolfberry, Matrimony-vine common, Licio humble, lyciet commun, Gewohnlicher Bocksdorn, tankugijanamu.
Distribution and Habitat - the original wetlands in southern China.
Description - thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes, 5 stamens, pedicleHe 0.6-1.5 cm long. Blooms in June-August. Baca Fruit ellipsoidal, 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, bright red. Approximately 20 seeds / fruit.
Growth rate - fast.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring greenhouse. Germinate well and quickly, is preserved under glass in the first winter. Outside, spring or early summer planting. The Ciupe young branches to stimulate new growth.
By cuttings, cuttings with heel, semi-lignificati, 5-10 cm long, in July-August in greenhouses.
Division of bushes, winter shoots are planted directly into standing position.
Cultivars - cv. hemp leaf - dark green leaves, or linear-lanceolata lanceolata, 6-12 cm long, bright red fruit, 1.8-2.2 cm long x 0.6-1 cm diameter, 20.8% protein.
cv. white branch - dark green leaves, lanceolata, 2-5 x 0.5-1 cm, branches gray-white, fruit scarlet, 1.4-2 cm long and 0.6-1 cm Diameing, protein 15.4%
cv. yellow leaf - yellow-green leaves, lanceolata, fruit oblong, round the top, 1.4-1.8 cm long and 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter.
Properties and Uses - good ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum is considered the richest in nutrient substances, contain beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1 and B2, minerals, antioxidants and amino acids.
In India, the fruit is used to treat eye diseases. For cataract is an infusion of Lycium barbarum, Chrysanthemum morifolium and green tea.
For glaucoma is one of the seeds of Cassia obtussifolia tea and green tea.
Flavonoid content of leaves and flowers of Lycium barbarum are active against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.
PolysaccharidesFruit extracts are immunostimulating, antioxidant.
Dried fruit and root bark reduce cholesterol.
Lycium barbarum can be used for anemia, burns, colds, inflammations, skin infections, vision problems in cancer treatment.
Fruits and root bark are contraindicated for people with bleeding and hypoglycaemic. Ask for medical advice!
A mix of Sida spinosa (root), Glycyrrhiza glabra (root), Lycium barbarum (leaves), Pistacia integerrima and Mesua ferrite (anther) induced cases of sterility in the community Bhat (India).
Lycium barbarum can be used as a stabilizer of the sands, because of the good root system whichit develops and on sandy soils.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Chinese soups made from the fruit of Lycium barbarum.
The fruit of Lycium barbarum was entered in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, the plant officinal in 1985, as the root and bark.
Lycium barbarum grown in Europe for many centuries.
Lycium has been imported from India, and was mentioned by the Romans as Indian herb grown in Alexandria in 176-180 en
Lycium barbatum was a very popular shrub for my grandfather.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants & ndash, Springer, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2001
Jack E. Staub - 75 Remarkable Fruits for Your Garden - Gibbs M. Smith, 2008
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, R Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Shiu-Ying Hu - Food Plants of China - Chinese University Press, 2006
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chonqxi - Herbal Emissaries - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Sylvia Escott-Stump - Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007
Woodland Publishing - Top 10 Supplements - Woodland Publishing, 2006
Young-Su Zhen - Tea- Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential - CRC, 2002
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Trees and shrubs
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber
Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long
Prenanthes purpurea - rabbit salad
Herbaceous perennial. Stem branched, 25-150 cm, pubescent. Amplexicaule leaves, elliptical, oblong or fidate, margin entire or Pinata-fidata, glauca. Flowers arranged in panicule, ligula flowers are purple, with 5 teeth, tubular flowers absent.
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.