Scientific name - Lycium barbarum L. 1753
Lycium genus name derives from the Greek lykion, ancient name of Rhamnus species of Lycia.
Synonyms - halimifolium Lycium, Lycium vulgare.
Popular names - sea of fences, Gou-Qi-day, Wolfberry, Matrimony-vine common, Licio humble, lyciet commun, Gewohnlicher Bocksdorn, tankugijanamu.
Distribution and Habitat - the original wetlands in southern China.
Description - thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes, 5 stamens, pedicleHe 0.6-1.5 cm long. Blooms in June-August. Baca Fruit ellipsoidal, 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, bright red. Approximately 20 seeds / fruit.
Growth rate - fast.
Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring greenhouse. Germinate well and quickly, is preserved under glass in the first winter. Outside, spring or early summer planting. The Ciupe young branches to stimulate new growth.
By cuttings, cuttings with heel, semi-lignificati, 5-10 cm long, in July-August in greenhouses.
Division of bushes, winter shoots are planted directly into standing position.
Cultivars - cv. hemp leaf - dark green leaves, or linear-lanceolata lanceolata, 6-12 cm long, bright red fruit, 1.8-2.2 cm long x 0.6-1 cm diameter, 20.8% protein.
cv. white branch - dark green leaves, lanceolata, 2-5 x 0.5-1 cm, branches gray-white, fruit scarlet, 1.4-2 cm long and 0.6-1 cm Diameing, protein 15.4%
cv. yellow leaf - yellow-green leaves, lanceolata, fruit oblong, round the top, 1.4-1.8 cm long and 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter.
Properties and Uses - good ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum is considered the richest in nutrient substances, contain beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1 and B2, minerals, antioxidants and amino acids.
In India, the fruit is used to treat eye diseases. For cataract is an infusion of Lycium barbarum, Chrysanthemum morifolium and green tea.
For glaucoma is one of the seeds of Cassia obtussifolia tea and green tea.
Flavonoid content of leaves and flowers of Lycium barbarum are active against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.
PolysaccharidesFruit extracts are immunostimulating, antioxidant.
Dried fruit and root bark reduce cholesterol.
Lycium barbarum can be used for anemia, burns, colds, inflammations, skin infections, vision problems in cancer treatment.
Fruits and root bark are contraindicated for people with bleeding and hypoglycaemic. Ask for medical advice!
A mix of Sida spinosa (root), Glycyrrhiza glabra (root), Lycium barbarum (leaves), Pistacia integerrima and Mesua ferrite (anther) induced cases of sterility in the community Bhat (India).
Lycium barbarum can be used as a stabilizer of the sands, because of the good root system whichit develops and on sandy soils.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - Chinese soups made from the fruit of Lycium barbarum.
The fruit of Lycium barbarum was entered in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, the plant officinal in 1985, as the root and bark.
Lycium barbarum grown in Europe for many centuries.
Lycium has been imported from India, and was mentioned by the Romans as Indian herb grown in Alexandria in 176-180 en
Lycium barbatum was a very popular shrub for my grandfather.
HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants & ndash, Springer, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2001
Jack E. Staub - 75 Remarkable Fruits for Your Garden - Gibbs M. Smith, 2008
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, R Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Shiu-Ying Hu - Food Plants of China - Chinese University Press, 2006
Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chonqxi - Herbal Emissaries - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992
Sylvia Escott-Stump - Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007
Woodland Publishing - Top 10 Supplements - Woodland Publishing, 2006
Young-Su Zhen - Tea- Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential - CRC, 2002
Green tea properties
Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Trees and shrubs
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Thlaspi montanum L.
Thlaspi montanum var. montanum is toxic and cause death of larvae of Pieris rapa.
Thlaspi montanum var. siskiyouense is a serpentine endemic from southwestern Oregon.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks