11
Sep
2009
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Lycium barbarum L. 1753

Lycium genus name derives from the Greek lykion, ancient name of Rhamnus species of Lycia.

Synonyms - halimifolium Lycium, Lycium vulgare.

Popular names - sea of fences, Gou-Qi-day, Wolfberry, Matrimony-vine common, Licio humble, lyciet commun, Gewohnlicher Bocksdorn, tankugijanamu.

Distribution and Habitat - the original wetlands in southern China.

Description - thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes, 5 stamens, pedicleHe 0.6-1.5 cm long. Blooms in June-August. Baca Fruit ellipsoidal, 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, bright red. Approximately 20 seeds / fruit.

Growth rate - fast.

Propagation - by seeds sown in early spring greenhouse. Germinate well and quickly, is preserved under glass in the first winter. Outside, spring or early summer planting. The Ciupe young branches to stimulate new growth.

By cuttings, cuttings with heel, semi-lignificati, 5-10 cm long, in July-August in greenhouses.

Division of bushes, winter shoots are planted directly into standing position.

Cultivars - cv. hemp leaf - dark green leaves, or linear-lanceolata lanceolata, 6-12 cm long, bright red fruit, 1.8-2.2 cm long x 0.6-1 cm diameter, 20.8% protein.

cv. white branch - dark green leaves, lanceolata, 2-5 x 0.5-1 cm, branches gray-white, fruit scarlet, 1.4-2 cm long and 0.6-1 cm Diameing, protein 15.4%

cv. yellow leaf - yellow-green leaves, lanceolata, fruit oblong, round the top, 1.4-1.8 cm long and 0.4-0.8 cm in diameter.

Properties and Uses - good ripe fruit of Lycium barbarum is considered the richest in nutrient substances, contain beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin B1 and B2, minerals, antioxidants and amino acids.

In India, the fruit is used to treat eye diseases. For cataract is an infusion of Lycium barbarum, Chrysanthemum morifolium and green tea.

For glaucoma is one of the seeds of Cassia obtussifolia tea and green tea.

Flavonoid content of leaves and flowers of Lycium barbarum are active against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans.

PolysaccharidesFruit extracts are immunostimulating, antioxidant.

Dried fruit and root bark reduce cholesterol.

Lycium barbarum can be used for anemia, burns, colds, inflammations, skin infections, vision problems in cancer treatment.

Fruits and root bark are contraindicated for people with bleeding and hypoglycaemic. Ask for medical advice!

A mix of Sida spinosa (root), Glycyrrhiza glabra (root), Lycium barbarum (leaves), Pistacia integerrima and Mesua ferrite (anther) induced cases of sterility in the community Bhat (India).

Lycium barbarum can be used as a stabilizer of the sands, because of the good root system whichit develops and on sandy soils.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - Chinese soups made from the fruit of Lycium barbarum.

The fruit of Lycium barbarum was entered in the Chinese pharmacopoeia, the plant officinal in 1985, as the root and bark.

Lycium barbarum grown in Europe for many centuries.

Lycium has been imported from India, and was mentioned by the Romans as Indian herb grown in Alexandria in 176-180 en

Lycium barbatum was a very popular shrub for my grandfather.

References

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants & ndash, Springer, 2007

Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2001

Jack E. Staub - 75 Remarkable Fruits for Your Garden - Gibbs M. Smith, 2008

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, R Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

Shiu-Ying Hu - Food Plants of China - Chinese University Press, 2006

Steven Foster, Chong-Xi Yue, Yue Chonqxi - Herbal Emissaries - Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1992

Sylvia Escott-Stump - Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care - Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2007

Woodland Publishing - Top 10 Supplements - Woodland Publishing, 2006

Young-Su Zhen - Tea- Bioactivity and Therapeutic Potential - CRC, 2002

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