Scientific Name - Maclura tricuspidata
Popular names - maclura, Osage orange, Siepi da melo, melo dei Cavalli.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America.
Description - shrub or small tree, height of 1-8 m and 4-5 m in diameter, decidua, a native of China and Korea. Ritidom gray-brown. Thorns from 0.5 to 2 cm. Leaves alternate, petiole of 1-2 cm, pubescent, limb ovate to rhombic-ovate, trilobite, 5-14 x 3-6 cm, glabra or sparsely pubescent, base rounded to cunea, margin entire, top acuminata. Green axillary flowers, flower 1 cm in diameter. ♂ inflorescences surrendered about 5 mm in diameter, short stem. ♀ Inflorescence 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, axillary, short stalk. Fruit spherical, ploridrupe edible orange-red color, 2-5 cm in diameter.
Blooms in May-June, June-July advantage. Fruits are maturelate fall and remain on branches until the first frosts.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate arid climates, but severe drought conditions the irrigation needs, withstand temperatures from -28 to 30 ° C. Tolerant of sandy land.
Requirements - well-drained land grows well on acid, neutral or calcareous semiumbra in full sun. In an exhibition sunny produce more fruit.
Management - correction crown - the winter after the fall of fruit, but if strong winter frosts are recorded, it is appropriate to make cuts in the spring. It eliminates about 50% of older branches.
Propagation - by seeds, fall, or by stem cuttings, herbaceous, summer or later. Seeds should be well ripened fruit, and immediately seeded.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species, used for curtainsprotection.
Curiosity - genus Maclura includes 12 species of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, originating in North America, East Asia, Africa and Australia.
Maclura pomifera was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, named after a geologist William Maclure.
In Europe it was introduced in 1827.
Trees and shrubs
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.