Scientific Name - Maclura tricuspidata
Popular names - maclura, Osage orange, Siepi da melo, melo dei Cavalli.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America.
Description - shrub or small tree, height of 1-8 m and 4-5 m in diameter, decidua, a native of China and Korea. Ritidom gray-brown. Thorns from 0.5 to 2 cm. Leaves alternate, petiole of 1-2 cm, pubescent, limb ovate to rhombic-ovate, trilobite, 5-14 x 3-6 cm, glabra or sparsely pubescent, base rounded to cunea, margin entire, top acuminata. Green axillary flowers, flower 1 cm in diameter. ♂ inflorescences surrendered about 5 mm in diameter, short stem. ♀ Inflorescence 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, axillary, short stalk. Fruit spherical, ploridrupe edible orange-red color, 2-5 cm in diameter.
Blooms in May-June, June-July advantage. Fruits are maturelate fall and remain on branches until the first frosts.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate arid climates, but severe drought conditions the irrigation needs, withstand temperatures from -28 to 30 ° C. Tolerant of sandy land.
Requirements - well-drained land grows well on acid, neutral or calcareous semiumbra in full sun. In an exhibition sunny produce more fruit.
Management - correction crown - the winter after the fall of fruit, but if strong winter frosts are recorded, it is appropriate to make cuts in the spring. It eliminates about 50% of older branches.
Propagation - by seeds, fall, or by stem cuttings, herbaceous, summer or later. Seeds should be well ripened fruit, and immediately seeded.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species, used for curtainsprotection.
Curiosity - genus Maclura includes 12 species of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, originating in North America, East Asia, Africa and Australia.
Maclura pomifera was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, named after a geologist William Maclure.
In Europe it was introduced in 1827.
Trees and shrubs
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba is deciduous tree native to China. Is a hardy tree tolerating a variety of climate and soil types, but not tolerate extreme frost.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.