Scientific Name - Maclura tricuspidata
Popular names - maclura, Osage orange, Siepi da melo, melo dei Cavalli.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America.
Description - shrub or small tree, height of 1-8 m and 4-5 m in diameter, decidua, a native of China and Korea. Ritidom gray-brown. Thorns from 0.5 to 2 cm. Leaves alternate, petiole of 1-2 cm, pubescent, limb ovate to rhombic-ovate, trilobite, 5-14 x 3-6 cm, glabra or sparsely pubescent, base rounded to cunea, margin entire, top acuminata. Green axillary flowers, flower 1 cm in diameter. ♂ inflorescences surrendered about 5 mm in diameter, short stem. ♀ Inflorescence 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, axillary, short stalk. Fruit spherical, ploridrupe edible orange-red color, 2-5 cm in diameter.
Blooms in May-June, June-July advantage. Fruits are maturelate fall and remain on branches until the first frosts.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate arid climates, but severe drought conditions the irrigation needs, withstand temperatures from -28 to 30 ° C. Tolerant of sandy land.
Requirements - well-drained land grows well on acid, neutral or calcareous semiumbra in full sun. In an exhibition sunny produce more fruit.
Management - correction crown - the winter after the fall of fruit, but if strong winter frosts are recorded, it is appropriate to make cuts in the spring. It eliminates about 50% of older branches.
Propagation - by seeds, fall, or by stem cuttings, herbaceous, summer or later. Seeds should be well ripened fruit, and immediately seeded.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species, used for curtainsprotection.
Curiosity - genus Maclura includes 12 species of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, originating in North America, East Asia, Africa and Australia.
Maclura pomifera was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, named after a geologist William Maclure.
In Europe it was introduced in 1827.
Trees and shrubs
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Ginkgo biloba - maidenhair tree
Ginkgo biloba is deciduous tree native to China. Is a hardy tree tolerating a variety of climate and soil types, but not tolerate extreme frost.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.