01
Dec
2008
Maclura tricuspidata
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Maclura tricuspidata

Synonyms -

Popular names - maclura, Osage orange, Siepi da melo, melo dei Cavalli.

Distribution and Habitat - native to North America.

Description - shrub or small tree, height of 1-8 m and 4-5 m in diameter, decidua, a native of China and Korea. Ritidom gray-brown. Thorns from 0.5 to 2 cm. Leaves alternate, petiole of 1-2 cm, pubescent, limb ovate to rhombic-ovate, trilobite, 5-14 x 3-6 cm, glabra or sparsely pubescent, base rounded to cunea, margin entire, top acuminata. Green axillary flowers, flower 1 cm in diameter. ♂ inflorescences surrendered about 5 mm in diameter, short stem. ♀ Inflorescence 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, axillary, short stalk. Fruit spherical, ploridrupe edible orange-red color, 2-5 cm in diameter.

Blooms in May-June, June-July advantage. Fruits are maturelate fall and remain on branches until the first frosts.

Growth rate -

Tolerances - tolerate arid climates, but severe drought conditions the irrigation needs, withstand temperatures from -28 to 30 ° C. Tolerant of sandy land.

Requirements - well-drained land grows well on acid, neutral or calcareous semiumbra in full sun. In an exhibition sunny produce more fruit.

Management - correction crown - the winter after the fall of fruit, but if strong winter frosts are recorded, it is appropriate to make cuts in the spring. It eliminates about 50% of older branches.

Propagation - by seeds, fall, or by stem cuttings, herbaceous, summer or later. Seeds should be well ripened fruit, and immediately seeded.

Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species, used for curtainsprotection.

Hardwood orange.

Curiosity - genus Maclura includes 12 species of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, originating in North America, East Asia, Africa and Australia.

Maclura pomifera was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, named after a geologist William Maclure.

In Europe it was introduced in 1827.

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