Scientific Name - Maclura tricuspidata
Popular names - maclura, Osage orange, Siepi da melo, melo dei Cavalli.
Distribution and Habitat - native to North America.
Description - shrub or small tree, height of 1-8 m and 4-5 m in diameter, decidua, a native of China and Korea. Ritidom gray-brown. Thorns from 0.5 to 2 cm. Leaves alternate, petiole of 1-2 cm, pubescent, limb ovate to rhombic-ovate, trilobite, 5-14 x 3-6 cm, glabra or sparsely pubescent, base rounded to cunea, margin entire, top acuminata. Green axillary flowers, flower 1 cm in diameter. ♂ inflorescences surrendered about 5 mm in diameter, short stem. ♀ Inflorescence 1 to 1.5 cm in diameter, axillary, short stalk. Fruit spherical, ploridrupe edible orange-red color, 2-5 cm in diameter.
Blooms in May-June, June-July advantage. Fruits are maturelate fall and remain on branches until the first frosts.
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate arid climates, but severe drought conditions the irrigation needs, withstand temperatures from -28 to 30 ° C. Tolerant of sandy land.
Requirements - well-drained land grows well on acid, neutral or calcareous semiumbra in full sun. In an exhibition sunny produce more fruit.
Management - correction crown - the winter after the fall of fruit, but if strong winter frosts are recorded, it is appropriate to make cuts in the spring. It eliminates about 50% of older branches.
Propagation - by seeds, fall, or by stem cuttings, herbaceous, summer or later. Seeds should be well ripened fruit, and immediately seeded.
Properties and Uses - used as an ornamental species, used for curtainsprotection.
Curiosity - genus Maclura includes 12 species of trees, shrubs and climbing plants, originating in North America, East Asia, Africa and Australia.
Maclura pomifera was first described by Thomas Nuttall in 1811, named after a geologist William Maclure.
In Europe it was introduced in 1827.
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them