Scientific name - Madhuca longifolia (L.) MACBA.
Synonyms - Bassia longifolia L.
Popular names - Mahu, tree butter, butter tree, mahva, erappe, irippa, IPPA.
Distribution and Habitat - native in central India, is common in sub-mountainous regions of Himalaiei.
Description - deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals, tube brushless. Stamens 16-20, in two rows. Blooms in February-April. Fruit baca green, yellow at maturity, ovoid, with brown hairs. Seeds 1-3, black.
Properties and Uses - the leaves contain thelcaloizi, seeds contain fatty oil, bark is astringent and tonic properties.
Flowers have an effect on bronchitis and colds. 30 g with 250 ml of milk.
For rheumatism, decoction of bark. The oil extracted from seeds can be applied to interesting places.
For diabetes, decoction of bark, beneficial results.
The oil extracted from seeds is used in treating hemorrhoids, has laxative properties, treatment of chronic constipation.
Madhuca leaves are effective in treating eczema.
Fresh flowers are sweet, rich in vitamin A, are edible fresh or cooked.
Dinesh Kumar Tyaqi - Pharma Forestry - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2005
HKBakhru - Herbs That Heal - Orient Paperbacks, 1998
James A. Duke - Nuts - CRC, 2000
Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1995
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.