08
Apr
2009
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Green Pharmacy | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Madhuca longifolia (L.) MACBA.

Synonyms - Bassia longifolia L.

Popular names - Mahu, tree butter, butter tree, mahva, erappe, irippa, IPPA.

Distribution and Habitat - native in central India, is common in sub-mountainous regions of Himalaiei.

Description - deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals, tube brushless. Stamens 16-20, in two rows. Blooms in February-April. Fruit baca green, yellow at maturity, ovoid, with brown hairs. Seeds 1-3, black.

Properties and Uses - the leaves contain thelcaloizi, seeds contain fatty oil, bark is astringent and tonic properties.

Flowers have an effect on bronchitis and colds. 30 g with 250 ml of milk.

For rheumatism, decoction of bark. The oil extracted from seeds can be applied to interesting places.

For diabetes, decoction of bark, beneficial results.

The oil extracted from seeds is used in treating hemorrhoids, has laxative properties, treatment of chronic constipation.

Madhuca leaves are effective in treating eczema.

Fresh flowers are sweet, rich in vitamin A, are edible fresh or cooked.

References

Dinesh Kumar Tyaqi - Pharma Forestry - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2005

HKBakhru - Herbs That Heal - Orient Paperbacks, 1998

James A. Duke - Nuts - CRC, 2000

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1995

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