Scientific name - Madhuca longifolia (L.) MACBA.
Synonyms - Bassia longifolia L.
Popular names - Mahu, tree butter, butter tree, mahva, erappe, irippa, IPPA.
Distribution and Habitat - native in central India, is common in sub-mountainous regions of Himalaiei.
Description - deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals, tube brushless. Stamens 16-20, in two rows. Blooms in February-April. Fruit baca green, yellow at maturity, ovoid, with brown hairs. Seeds 1-3, black.
Properties and Uses - the leaves contain thelcaloizi, seeds contain fatty oil, bark is astringent and tonic properties.
Flowers have an effect on bronchitis and colds. 30 g with 250 ml of milk.
For rheumatism, decoction of bark. The oil extracted from seeds can be applied to interesting places.
For diabetes, decoction of bark, beneficial results.
The oil extracted from seeds is used in treating hemorrhoids, has laxative properties, treatment of chronic constipation.
Madhuca leaves are effective in treating eczema.
Fresh flowers are sweet, rich in vitamin A, are edible fresh or cooked.
Dinesh Kumar Tyaqi - Pharma Forestry - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2005
HKBakhru - Herbs That Heal - Orient Paperbacks, 1998
James A. Duke - Nuts - CRC, 2000
Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1995
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.