08
Apr
2009
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Green Pharmacy | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Madhuca longifolia (L.) MACBA.

Synonyms - Bassia longifolia L.

Popular names - Mahu, tree butter, butter tree, mahva, erappe, irippa, IPPA.

Distribution and Habitat - native in central India, is common in sub-mountainous regions of Himalaiei.

Description - deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals, tube brushless. Stamens 16-20, in two rows. Blooms in February-April. Fruit baca green, yellow at maturity, ovoid, with brown hairs. Seeds 1-3, black.

Properties and Uses - the leaves contain thelcaloizi, seeds contain fatty oil, bark is astringent and tonic properties.

Flowers have an effect on bronchitis and colds. 30 g with 250 ml of milk.

For rheumatism, decoction of bark. The oil extracted from seeds can be applied to interesting places.

For diabetes, decoction of bark, beneficial results.

The oil extracted from seeds is used in treating hemorrhoids, has laxative properties, treatment of chronic constipation.

Madhuca leaves are effective in treating eczema.

Fresh flowers are sweet, rich in vitamin A, are edible fresh or cooked.

References

Dinesh Kumar Tyaqi - Pharma Forestry - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2005

HKBakhru - Herbs That Heal - Orient Paperbacks, 1998

James A. Duke - Nuts - CRC, 2000

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1995

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

 
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches

Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.

 
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear

Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks

 
Magnoliopsida
Sophora davidii

Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.

Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.

 
Hedysarum al-shehbazii

Hedysarum al-shehbazii - perennial species, up to 70 cm high. Stem simple or branched from the base, well developed internoduri. Stipele 5.6 x 1-1.5 mm, brown-green, triangular, the upper triangular-acuminata, poorly covered with hairs 0.2-0.5 mm.

 
Viola odorata - bluebells

Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.

 
Aquilegia atrata Koch

Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca

 
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links