Scientific name - Madhuca longifolia (L.) MACBA.
Synonyms - Bassia longifolia L.
Popular names - Mahu, tree butter, butter tree, mahva, erappe, irippa, IPPA.
Distribution and Habitat - native in central India, is common in sub-mountainous regions of Himalaiei.
Description - deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals, tube brushless. Stamens 16-20, in two rows. Blooms in February-April. Fruit baca green, yellow at maturity, ovoid, with brown hairs. Seeds 1-3, black.
Properties and Uses - the leaves contain thelcaloizi, seeds contain fatty oil, bark is astringent and tonic properties.
Flowers have an effect on bronchitis and colds. 30 g with 250 ml of milk.
For rheumatism, decoction of bark. The oil extracted from seeds can be applied to interesting places.
For diabetes, decoction of bark, beneficial results.
The oil extracted from seeds is used in treating hemorrhoids, has laxative properties, treatment of chronic constipation.
Madhuca leaves are effective in treating eczema.
Fresh flowers are sweet, rich in vitamin A, are edible fresh or cooked.
Dinesh Kumar Tyaqi - Pharma Forestry - Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2005
HKBakhru - Herbs That Heal - Orient Paperbacks, 1998
James A. Duke - Nuts - CRC, 2000
Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1995
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Sinningia speciosa Nees - Gloxinia
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.