Scientific name-Magnolia grandiflora. Genus name is given in memory of Director of the Botanical Garden in Montpellier, Pierre Magnolia. 'grandiflora' refers to the size of flowers.
Popular names - Bull Bay, magnollo, magnolia.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the USA sudorientala area.
Description - tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary. Flowers hermaphrodite, scented, solitary, arranged in terminal parts of branches, petale flashy, light yellow - yellow-cream, 25 cm diameter. Blooms in May-September. Infrutescente oval-conical, hair follicles, 5-8 cm long. Tomato seeds, lenticular to narrow-ellipsoidal, 12-14 mm. 2n = 114.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - not tolerate limestone land, which causes yellowing of leaves. Tolerates air pollution.
Requirements - preferred position of semi-shade, well drained soils, can tolerate drought once stabilized. The wet common in youth. Withstand temperatures up to -17 ° C.
Management - to maintain the tapered crown is indicated to be made skims each spring, in March.
Propagation - seeds and seedlings. Seeds sown in autumn, germinate in the first or second spring. Semilignificati with heel cuttings in July.
Diseases and pests - Cladosporium, Glomerelto, Illinoia liriodendri, Septoria.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' - Small flowers, 12-17 cm diameter, 9 m high and 3-4,5 m in diameter.
'Edith Bogue' - withstand temperatures (-21) - (-23) ° C. Crown pyramid, vigorous, 9 m high and 4.5 diameter.
'Majestic Beauty' - tree form pyramid, 9-15 m high.
Properties and Uses - bark contains alkaloids with antimicrobial properties and active against malaria. The flowers contain cineol, are aromatic and used in treating rheumatism.
Bernardo Gut - Trees in Patagonia - Birkhäuser Base, 2008
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple Press, 2009
William Boericke - New Manual of Homoeopathic Materia MeDica & Repertory - B Jain Pub Pvt Ltd, 2007
Trees and shrubs
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.