Scientific name-Magnolia grandiflora. Genus name is given in memory of Director of the Botanical Garden in Montpellier, Pierre Magnolia. 'grandiflora' refers to the size of flowers.
Popular names - Bull Bay, magnollo, magnolia.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the USA sudorientala area.
Description - tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary. Flowers hermaphrodite, scented, solitary, arranged in terminal parts of branches, petale flashy, light yellow - yellow-cream, 25 cm diameter. Blooms in May-September. Infrutescente oval-conical, hair follicles, 5-8 cm long. Tomato seeds, lenticular to narrow-ellipsoidal, 12-14 mm. 2n = 114.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - not tolerate limestone land, which causes yellowing of leaves. Tolerates air pollution.
Requirements - preferred position of semi-shade, well drained soils, can tolerate drought once stabilized. The wet common in youth. Withstand temperatures up to -17 ° C.
Management - to maintain the tapered crown is indicated to be made skims each spring, in March.
Propagation - seeds and seedlings. Seeds sown in autumn, germinate in the first or second spring. Semilignificati with heel cuttings in July.
Diseases and pests - Cladosporium, Glomerelto, Illinoia liriodendri, Septoria.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' - Small flowers, 12-17 cm diameter, 9 m high and 3-4,5 m in diameter.
'Edith Bogue' - withstand temperatures (-21) - (-23) ° C. Crown pyramid, vigorous, 9 m high and 4.5 diameter.
'Majestic Beauty' - tree form pyramid, 9-15 m high.
Properties and Uses - bark contains alkaloids with antimicrobial properties and active against malaria. The flowers contain cineol, are aromatic and used in treating rheumatism.
Bernardo Gut - Trees in Patagonia - Birkhäuser Base, 2008
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple Press, 2009
William Boericke - New Manual of Homoeopathic Materia MeDica & Repertory - B Jain Pub Pvt Ltd, 2007
Trees and shrubs
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Small tree, stem 6 m tall, thin. Lujerii are pubescent. Leaves with Lamine obovata, 9-19 x 3.5-5.5 cm, short top acuminata, the acute subcoriacee, subglabra mid rib, ribs side 10-13 pairs, petiole 3.5-10 mm, slightly pubescent.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.