Scientific name-Magnolia grandiflora. Genus name is given in memory of Director of the Botanical Garden in Montpellier, Pierre Magnolia. 'grandiflora' refers to the size of flowers.
Popular names - Bull Bay, magnollo, magnolia.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the USA sudorientala area.
Description - tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary. Flowers hermaphrodite, scented, solitary, arranged in terminal parts of branches, petale flashy, light yellow - yellow-cream, 25 cm diameter. Blooms in May-September. Infrutescente oval-conical, hair follicles, 5-8 cm long. Tomato seeds, lenticular to narrow-ellipsoidal, 12-14 mm. 2n = 114.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - not tolerate limestone land, which causes yellowing of leaves. Tolerates air pollution.
Requirements - preferred position of semi-shade, well drained soils, can tolerate drought once stabilized. The wet common in youth. Withstand temperatures up to -17 ° C.
Management - to maintain the tapered crown is indicated to be made skims each spring, in March.
Propagation - seeds and seedlings. Seeds sown in autumn, germinate in the first or second spring. Semilignificati with heel cuttings in July.
Diseases and pests - Cladosporium, Glomerelto, Illinoia liriodendri, Septoria.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' - Small flowers, 12-17 cm diameter, 9 m high and 3-4,5 m in diameter.
'Edith Bogue' - withstand temperatures (-21) - (-23) ° C. Crown pyramid, vigorous, 9 m high and 4.5 diameter.
'Majestic Beauty' - tree form pyramid, 9-15 m high.
Properties and Uses - bark contains alkaloids with antimicrobial properties and active against malaria. The flowers contain cineol, are aromatic and used in treating rheumatism.
Bernardo Gut - Trees in Patagonia - Birkhäuser Base, 2008
Marie Harrison - Flowering Shrubs and Small Trees for the South - Pineapple Press, 2009
William Boericke - New Manual of Homoeopathic Materia MeDica & Repertory - B Jain Pub Pvt Ltd, 2007
Trees and shrubs
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Geranium argenteum - herbaceous perennial, grows in the Alps, the limestone rocks in central and northern Italy until SE France, from 1600-2100 m altitude. Rare species.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.