28
Jan
2009
Malus floribunda Siebold
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name -- Malus floribunda Siebold

Popular names - Japanese Flowering Crabapple, kaidò zumi.

Description - deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers 3 cm diameter, white. Inflorest in April-May. Fruit yellow, 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Seeds oblong-obovoide, apex obtuse, 4.4x2 mm. Surface glossy, yellow-brown, 2n = 34.

Growth rate - average.

Tolerances - moderate drought and salty soils.

Requirements - prefers clay soils, moderately moist, well-drained, acidic, exhibitions sunny full sun.

Management - trimming is realizaeaza in May, the later in June, after flowering.

Propagation - cuttings and seeds. The fruits are held in water for 24 hours. To stratify the seeds in moist sand for 60 days at 20 ° C night and 30 ° C day, cover with about 0.5 cm from nisip.

Pests and diseases - may be attacked by aphids, Popillia japonica. It is quite resistant against disease.

Natural partners and Garden - Syringa vulgaris, Epimedium pinnatum subsp. Colchicum.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Donald Wyman' - red buds, white flowers, bright-red fruit;

'Harves Gold' - pink buds, white flowers, yellow fruit which lasted until December on the shaft;

& lsquo; Jewelberry '- pink buds, white flowers, bright-red fruits that persist until autumn;

'Liset' - pink-red flowers pale-reddish fruits Maroni;

'Mary Potter' - pink buds, white flowers, red fruits, not a good disease resistance;

'Profision' - tomato shoots, flowers purple, 3 cm in diameter, dark red fruit;

'Red Jade' - buds, flowers and fruits dark red-pink;

'White Angel' - pink buds, white flowers, red fruit;

Properties and Uses - Ornamental species used in parks, gardens, parking, horses alignments along paths, can result in the form of bonsai. Birds and squirrels are attracted to fructe. As an alternative to species Malus floribunda can use Malus ioensis.

In traditional medicine, flowers and buds, is used to treat absceselor, open wounds and scars. Buds and flowers are preserved 7 days in darkness, then is kept in cotton bags. Thus is obtained and apple cider vinegar, just 7 days after other flowers are placed in vinegar for 30 minutes.

References

Barrie E. Juniper, David J. Mabberley - The Story of the Apple --Timber Press, 2006

Harrison L. Flint - Landscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997

Howard Garrett - Howard Garrett's Plants for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1996

Margaret Roberts - Edible and Medicinal Flowers - David Philip, 2001

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees andShrubs - Timber Press, 1997

Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004

Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Attracting Birds - UPNE, 2002

Rita Buchanan, Roger Holmes, Frances Tenenbaum - Taylor's Master Guide to Gardening - Houghton Mifflin Hartcourt, 2001

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