Popular names - Japanese Flowering Crabapple, kaidò zumi.
Description - deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers 3 cm diameter, white. Inflorest in April-May. Fruit yellow, 0.5-1 cm in diameter. Seeds oblong-obovoide, apex obtuse, 4.4x2 mm. Surface glossy, yellow-brown, 2n = 34.
Growth rate - average.
Tolerances - moderate drought and salty soils.
Requirements - prefers clay soils, moderately moist, well-drained, acidic, exhibitions sunny full sun.
Management - trimming is realizaeaza in May, the later in June, after flowering.
Propagation - cuttings and seeds. The fruits are held in water for 24 hours. To stratify the seeds in moist sand for 60 days at 20 ° C night and 30 ° C day, cover with about 0.5 cm from nisip.
Pests and diseases - may be attacked by aphids, Popillia japonica. It is quite resistant against disease.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Donald Wyman' - red buds, white flowers, bright-red fruit;
'Harves Gold' - pink buds, white flowers, yellow fruit which lasted until December on the shaft;
& lsquo; Jewelberry '- pink buds, white flowers, bright-red fruits that persist until autumn;
'Liset' - pink-red flowers pale-reddish fruits Maroni;
'Mary Potter' - pink buds, white flowers, red fruits, not a good disease resistance;
'Profision' - tomato shoots, flowers purple, 3 cm in diameter, dark red fruit;
'Red Jade' - buds, flowers and fruits dark red-pink;
'White Angel' - pink buds, white flowers, red fruit;
Properties and Uses - Ornamental species used in parks, gardens, parking, horses alignments along paths, can result in the form of bonsai. Birds and squirrels are attracted to fructe. As an alternative to species Malus floribunda can use Malus ioensis.
In traditional medicine, flowers and buds, is used to treat absceselor, open wounds and scars. Buds and flowers are preserved 7 days in darkness, then is kept in cotton bags. Thus is obtained and apple cider vinegar, just 7 days after other flowers are placed in vinegar for 30 minutes.
Barrie E. Juniper, David J. Mabberley - The Story of the Apple --Timber Press, 2006
Harrison L. Flint - Landscape Plants for Eastern North America - Wiley, 1997
Howard Garrett - Howard Garrett's Plants for Texas - University of Texas Press, 1996
Margaret Roberts - Edible and Medicinal Flowers - David Philip, 2001
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Hardy Trees andShrubs - Timber Press, 1997
Ran Levy-Yamamori, Gerard Taaffe - Garden Plants of Japan - Timber Press, 2004
Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Attracting Birds - UPNE, 2002
Rita Buchanan, Roger Holmes, Frances Tenenbaum - Taylor's Master Guide to Gardening - Houghton Mifflin Hartcourt, 2001
Trees and shrubs
Syringa vulgaris L.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Evergreen tree. Leaves opposite, coriacee, oblong to elliptic-lanceolata, 8-18 x 2-4.5 cm, top acuminata, petiole 2-4 mm long. Male cones are cylindrical, grouped 3-4 at underarms, female cones are solitary, the armpit leaves.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
New species of Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) found in Turkey
In Turkey the genus Dianthus consists in 71 species, two subspecies and 12 varieties (Reeve, 1967, Davis, Mill & Tan, 1988; Guner et al., 2000; Menemeni & Hamzaoglu, 2000; Aytaç & Duman, 2004).
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Chrysosplenium alternifolium is a rare species that grows in damp and shady places.