Scientific name - Marrubium vulgare L.
Marrubio derived from Hebrew, Rob = March = bitter juice.
Popular names - baltatura, catusnica wild Unguras, Voronez, hoarhound, MARUB blank marrubio common mentastro, marriout, toronjil cuyano, Weisser andorn.
Distribution and Habitat - increases in low altitudes, along the valleys, in areas with low precipitation and drought in full sun.
Description - perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks. Sesi white flowers arranged in vertical. Calyx with 10 lobes. Corola has 2 lobes, the higher is biloba, and the lower is trilobaT. Infloreste in June-July.
Propagation - by seeds sown soon after ripening, germinate in autumn or spring.
Properties and Uses - bitter herb, aromatic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.
Traditionally, the leaves and flowering parts of the plant are used to treat cough and acute bronchial diseases.
Plants are collected during the flourishing and can be used both fresh and dried.
Active principles contained in the plant are not fully soluble in water, so it is used in combination alcoholic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - the property of Marrubium vulgare are known by the Egyptians and Greeks of 2000 years. In ancient Egypt, Marrubium vulgare was used to treat respiratory boliloir.
Clark - Edible and Useful Plants of California - University of California Press, 1992
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1998
YPS Bajaj - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Springer, 1999
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.