Scientific name - Marrubium vulgare L.
Marrubio derived from Hebrew, Rob = March = bitter juice.
Popular names - baltatura, catusnica wild Unguras, Voronez, hoarhound, MARUB blank marrubio common mentastro, marriout, toronjil cuyano, Weisser andorn.
Distribution and Habitat - increases in low altitudes, along the valleys, in areas with low precipitation and drought in full sun.
Description - perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks. Sesi white flowers arranged in vertical. Calyx with 10 lobes. Corola has 2 lobes, the higher is biloba, and the lower is trilobaT. Infloreste in June-July.
Propagation - by seeds sown soon after ripening, germinate in autumn or spring.
Properties and Uses - bitter herb, aromatic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.
Traditionally, the leaves and flowering parts of the plant are used to treat cough and acute bronchial diseases.
Plants are collected during the flourishing and can be used both fresh and dried.
Active principles contained in the plant are not fully soluble in water, so it is used in combination alcoholic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - the property of Marrubium vulgare are known by the Egyptians and Greeks of 2000 years. In ancient Egypt, Marrubium vulgare was used to treat respiratory boliloir.
Clark - Edible and Useful Plants of California - University of California Press, 1992
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1998
YPS Bajaj - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Springer, 1999
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Gigabracteata Begonia sp HZ Li & H. Ma. November. in Guangxi, China
Begonia gigabracteata is a plant decide. Tuberous rhizome, 2 cm in diameter. Stipele obsolete. Basal leaves, stalks 4 to 9.2 cm long, cylindrical, reddish or green, with few glandular hairs; language obovata, glabru basis cordata, acuminata top, margin entire or irregular gear, nervatiune palmate-pinnate.
Euphrasia arguta reappeared after 100 years
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.