Scientific name - Marrubium vulgare L.
Marrubio derived from Hebrew, Rob = March = bitter juice.
Popular names - baltatura, catusnica wild Unguras, Voronez, hoarhound, MARUB blank marrubio common mentastro, marriout, toronjil cuyano, Weisser andorn.
Distribution and Habitat - increases in low altitudes, along the valleys, in areas with low precipitation and drought in full sun.
Description - perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks. Sesi white flowers arranged in vertical. Calyx with 10 lobes. Corola has 2 lobes, the higher is biloba, and the lower is trilobaT. Infloreste in June-July.
Propagation - by seeds sown soon after ripening, germinate in autumn or spring.
Properties and Uses - bitter herb, aromatic, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic.
Traditionally, the leaves and flowering parts of the plant are used to treat cough and acute bronchial diseases.
Plants are collected during the flourishing and can be used both fresh and dried.
Active principles contained in the plant are not fully soluble in water, so it is used in combination alcoholic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - the property of Marrubium vulgare are known by the Egyptians and Greeks of 2000 years. In ancient Egypt, Marrubium vulgare was used to treat respiratory boliloir.
Clark - Edible and Useful Plants of California - University of California Press, 1992
Jethro Kloss - Back to Eden - Lotus Press, 1998
YPS Bajaj - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Springer, 1999
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.