02
Jan
2009
Melia azedarach L.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

Melia azedarach is a species native of southwest Asia. Tree about 10 m high. Wood varied colors, durable, somewhat fragile. Leaves alternate, bipennated compound, 18-23 cm long, lobed, elliptic or until ovata lanceolata, 3-6 cm long, margins soirees. Flowers in axillary panicule; sepa 5 or 6, open, nested, Corola purple or white, 5 petals spatulate, 10 mm long; androceau monadelf, 10-12 stamens, 0.7 cm longme, filaments are connate into a cylindrical tube dark purple, glabra pubescent on the outside and inside. Fruit is drupe, pale yellow, spherical, 1.5-2 cm diameter, 1.6 seeds.

Blooming period - from March to June.

Fructification period - September-October.

Water - grows well on dry land.

Temperature - 30 ° C.

Light - in direct sun or in semi-shade.

Soil - rich in humus, acid or neutral.

Reproduction - naturally by seeds spread by birds. The seeds or seedlings. Plants grown from seed grow quickly, in 4-5 years to reach 3,5-4,5 meters.

Diseases and pests - Phalaena Amaziah.

Property - bark, leaves and fruits are used to eliminate intestinal worms. Flesh is very active against mites, fleas and afidelor. In some countries the fruit is thrown into ROSARii. Chewing fruit, especially if you are green, the first symptoms gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion, fatigue.

Pasta made from bark reduces rheumatic pains. Juice of the leaves have antiseptic properties. Decoction of flowers applied on hair away lice.

Note - If you are planting more copies of this species requires 4 feet distance between plants. The fruits are eaten by birds, but have toxic effects if they are fermented.

References

C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Conley K. McMullen - Flowering Plants of the Galapagos - Cornell University Press, 1999

Delena Tull - Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest - University of Texas Press, 1999

Esteban Nunez Melendez - Plantas venenosas of Puerto Rico y las que Producen Dermatitis - University of Puerto Rico Press, 1996

Ira Wiggins, Duncan Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1971

Joseph Needham - Science & Civilization in China - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002

Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997

Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984

Spiridon E. Kintzios - Plants that Fight Cancer - CRC, 2004

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