Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Melia azedarach is a species native of southwest Asia. Tree about 10 m high. Wood varied colors, durable, somewhat fragile. Leaves alternate, bipennated compound, 18-23 cm long, lobed, elliptic or until ovata lanceolata, 3-6 cm long, margins soirees. Flowers in axillary panicule; sepa 5 or 6, open, nested, Corola purple or white, 5 petals spatulate, 10 mm long; androceau monadelf, 10-12 stamens, 0.7 cm longme, filaments are connate into a cylindrical tube dark purple, glabra pubescent on the outside and inside. Fruit is drupe, pale yellow, spherical, 1.5-2 cm diameter, 1.6 seeds.
Blooming period - from March to June.
Fructification period - September-October.
Water - grows well on dry land.
Temperature - 30 ° C.
Light - in direct sun or in semi-shade.
Soil - rich in humus, acid or neutral.
Reproduction - naturally by seeds spread by birds. The seeds or seedlings. Plants grown from seed grow quickly, in 4-5 years to reach 3,5-4,5 meters.
Diseases and pests - Phalaena Amaziah.
Property - bark, leaves and fruits are used to eliminate intestinal worms. Flesh is very active against mites, fleas and afidelor. In some countries the fruit is thrown into ROSARii. Chewing fruit, especially if you are green, the first symptoms gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion, fatigue.
Pasta made from bark reduces rheumatic pains. Juice of the leaves have antiseptic properties. Decoction of flowers applied on hair away lice.
Note - If you are planting more copies of this species requires 4 feet distance between plants. The fruits are eaten by birds, but have toxic effects if they are fermented.
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
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Esteban Nunez Melendez - Plantas venenosas of Puerto Rico y las que Producen Dermatitis - University of Puerto Rico Press, 1996
Ira Wiggins, Duncan Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1971
Joseph Needham - Science & Civilization in China - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
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Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997
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Spiridon E. Kintzios - Plants that Fight Cancer - CRC, 2004
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Trees and shrubs
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.