Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Melia azedarach is a species native of southwest Asia. Tree about 10 m high. Wood varied colors, durable, somewhat fragile. Leaves alternate, bipennated compound, 18-23 cm long, lobed, elliptic or until ovata lanceolata, 3-6 cm long, margins soirees. Flowers in axillary panicule; sepa 5 or 6, open, nested, Corola purple or white, 5 petals spatulate, 10 mm long; androceau monadelf, 10-12 stamens, 0.7 cm longme, filaments are connate into a cylindrical tube dark purple, glabra pubescent on the outside and inside. Fruit is drupe, pale yellow, spherical, 1.5-2 cm diameter, 1.6 seeds.
Blooming period - from March to June.
Fructification period - September-October.
Water - grows well on dry land.
Temperature - 30 ° C.
Light - in direct sun or in semi-shade.
Soil - rich in humus, acid or neutral.
Reproduction - naturally by seeds spread by birds. The seeds or seedlings. Plants grown from seed grow quickly, in 4-5 years to reach 3,5-4,5 meters.
Diseases and pests - Phalaena Amaziah.
Property - bark, leaves and fruits are used to eliminate intestinal worms. Flesh is very active against mites, fleas and afidelor. In some countries the fruit is thrown into ROSARii. Chewing fruit, especially if you are green, the first symptoms gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion, fatigue.
Pasta made from bark reduces rheumatic pains. Juice of the leaves have antiseptic properties. Decoction of flowers applied on hair away lice.
Note - If you are planting more copies of this species requires 4 feet distance between plants. The fruits are eaten by birds, but have toxic effects if they are fermented.
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
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Esteban Nunez Melendez - Plantas venenosas of Puerto Rico y las que Producen Dermatitis - University of Puerto Rico Press, 1996
Ira Wiggins, Duncan Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1971
Joseph Needham - Science & Civilization in China - Cambridge University Press, 1986
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
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Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997
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Spiridon E. Kintzios - Plants that Fight Cancer - CRC, 2004
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Trees and shrubs
Syringa vulgaris L.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Bark gray young branches are yellow-green. Leaves alternate; paripenat-compound, 4-6 pairs of folio oval-elliptic, 10-35 mm long, dark green in summer and autumn yellow, 5-10 cm long; spinescente Stipe. Flowers solitary, Corola yellow, 20-25 mm long, increase the armpit leaves, blooming from May to June.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.
Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.