Melia azedarach L.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

Melia azedarach is a species native of southwest Asia. Tree about 10 m high. Wood varied colors, durable, somewhat fragile. Leaves alternate, bipennated compound, 18-23 cm long, lobed, elliptic or until ovata lanceolata, 3-6 cm long, margins soirees. Flowers in axillary panicule; sepa 5 or 6, open, nested, Corola purple or white, 5 petals spatulate, 10 mm long; androceau monadelf, 10-12 stamens, 0.7 cm longme, filaments are connate into a cylindrical tube dark purple, glabra pubescent on the outside and inside. Fruit is drupe, pale yellow, spherical, 1.5-2 cm diameter, 1.6 seeds.

Blooming period - from March to June.

Fructification period - September-October.

Water - grows well on dry land.

Temperature - 30 ° C.

Light - in direct sun or in semi-shade.

Soil - rich in humus, acid or neutral.

Reproduction - naturally by seeds spread by birds. The seeds or seedlings. Plants grown from seed grow quickly, in 4-5 years to reach 3,5-4,5 meters.

Diseases and pests - Phalaena Amaziah.

Property - bark, leaves and fruits are used to eliminate intestinal worms. Flesh is very active against mites, fleas and afidelor. In some countries the fruit is thrown into ROSARii. Chewing fruit, especially if you are green, the first symptoms gastrointestinal: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, mental confusion, fatigue.

Pasta made from bark reduces rheumatic pains. Juice of the leaves have antiseptic properties. Decoction of flowers applied on hair away lice.

Note - If you are planting more copies of this species requires 4 feet distance between plants. The fruits are eaten by birds, but have toxic effects if they are fermented.


C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006

Conley K. McMullen - Flowering Plants of the Galapagos - Cornell University Press, 1999

Delena Tull - Edible and Useful Plants of Texas and the Southwest - University of Texas Press, 1999

Esteban Nunez Melendez - Plantas venenosas of Puerto Rico y las que Producen Dermatitis - University of Puerto Rico Press, 1996

Ira Wiggins, Duncan Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1971

Joseph Needham - Science & Civilization in China - Cambridge University Press, 1986

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002

Narayan P. Manandhar, Sanjay Manandhar - Plants and People of Nepal - Timber Press, 2002

Orient Longman - Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997

Robert A. Vines - Trees of Central Texas - University of Texas Press, 1984

Spiridon E. Kintzios - Plants that Fight Cancer - CRC, 2004

See also
Green Pharmacy
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

Senna corymbosa

Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .

Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

Trees and shrubs
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene

Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.

Salix reticulata

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Spartium junceum

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Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore

Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.

Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot

From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.

Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.

Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.

Westringia rigida

Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.

Heliosperma pusillum

Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.

Aster amellus

Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.

Abutilon darwinii

Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.

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