06
Jan
2011
Morinda citrifolia
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Morinda citrifolia L.

Synonyms - bracts Morinda, Morinda litoralis.

Popular names - Indian Mulberry, Morinda, yo money, gelso Indian, Noni.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Queensland, Australia. Grown in regions with wet climates, altitudes up to 1500.

Description - evergreen shrub, conical crown, 3-8 m tall, gray or yellow-brown bark, slightly fissured. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptic-lanceolate, 15-50 x 5-17 cm, entire, tip acute to short-acuminata, base cunea, glabra; petiole 0.5-2.5 cm long; stipele tiangulare. Spherical inflorescence, peduncle 1-4 cm long, flowers bisexual, fragrant, corolla campanula, 1.5 cm long, white. Sincarp fruit, ovoid.

Growth rate - slow.

Propagation - by seeds in greenhouses. The seeds germinate after 3 -9 weeks after sowing. Seedlings are planted at 1.2 m distance between plants.

Diseases and pests - Aphis gosypii, Achaea Janata, Dialuerodes kirkaldyi, Heliothrips haemorroidalis.

Properties and Uses - the fruits are edible. The seed oil is extracted insect repellent.

 

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