06
Jun
2009
Musa sp. - Bananas
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Musa sp.

Synonyms --

Popular names - aga, banana, banana, Bananenstaude, dessert banana, Fiche d'Adamo, plantain, pomme de Paradis, cooking banana, fa'i, merry, Leka, Jain, mai'a, Maik, UHT, usr.

Distribution and Habitat - of Indo-Malay, Asian, and tropical Australia. Grow to 900 m altitude, on a wide range of soils, the ͦ temepraturi of 26-30 C.

Description - herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts. Calyx 3-5-toothed. 1 petal, calyx opposite, simple, 3-gear. Fruit Baca, Yellow-green, oblong-cylindrical, more or less curved, 3-40 x 2.8 cm, top round, blunt or conical. Seeds dark brown, ovoid, 4 mm long, with white endosperm.

Growth rate - soon to blossom.

Tolerances - drought, shading and salinity. Below (-2 ͦ C) destroy the plant. If planted in water-soaked soil will give poor production. Sensitive to strong winds.

Requirements - prefers well-drained and loamy soils, pH 5.5-7.5, with exhibitions sunny. Temperatures 2-30 ͦ C. Banana species can grow in temperate zones where they freeze.

Management - is regularly fertilizeaza is irrigated. Spring is clipped, and remove all parts dead.

Propagation - best by dividing rhizomes, rather than by seeds. Before splitting drajonilor be applied nutrients, when they share same 15 cm diameter and50 cm high, is irrigated bien. 6.7 When the new plants have leaves, nitrogen is fertilizeaza few weeks before harvesting the fruit.

Musa velutina and Musa textilis well multiply by seeds. The seeds are preserved in a dry and cold, do not require stratification, but can you with 24-48 hours before planting in the water. It resembles the well-drained soils in full sun, soil moisture is maintained.

Diseases and pests - Adoretus sinicus, Aspidiotus destructor, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bactrocera dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata, Chaetanaphothrips signipennis, Chrysodeixis eriosoma, Colletotrichum Musa, Cordana Musa, Elixothrips brevisetis, Erwinia sp., Fusarium oxysporum, Marasmiellus inoderma, Nacoleia octasema, Odioporus longicollis, Opogona saccharata, Phyllacora mus ICOL, Phytonemus pallidus, Planococcus citri Polytus mellerborgi, Pseudocercospora Musa, Saissetia coffeae, Sophonia rufofascia, Spodoptera litura, Trigonops sp ..

Natural partners and Garden - Abelmoschus manihot, Aleurites moluccana, Areca catechu, Colocasia esculenta, Cordyline fruticosa, Cyrtosperma, Mangifera indica, Morinda citrifolia, Pandanus sp., Piper methysticum, Saccharum officinarum, Tacca leontopetaloides.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - leaf buds are edible. In some areas, the leaves are used instead of umbrellas. The leaves are used as paper for tobacco, in south-west Pacific.

Species of Musa species can be used as ornamental garden, is easy to grow. Are planted at 1.8-2 m between plants. log.botanicatalog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/musa-sp.jpg ">

It is planted near Syzygium cumini, Eucalyptus sp., Schinus terebinthifolius.

The fruit of Musa paradisiaca immature in full, the food is a banana flour.

Banana starch granules show irregular.

Banana pulp can be used to prepare fermented alcoholic beverages, or to obtain an aromatic vinegar.

The leaves of bananas, Musa textilis and Musa basjoo may be used for textile training for cellulose.

The flowers are good in cases of dysentery and diabetes.

The fruits are astringent, emollient, aphrodisiac, tonic and antiscorbutic.

Bananas contain per 100 g: water 75g, Protein 1.2 g, Carbohydrate 23G, Fat 0.2 g Cellulose 0.6, 0.26 mg Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 0.04 mg Vitamin B 2 0.05 mg Vitamin C 10 mg, 8 mg Calcium, Iron 28 mg Magnesium 0.68 mg. Calories 88/100 g.

A banana is about 11-14 kg of fruit.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Adel Kader - Post Harvest Technology of Horticultural Crops - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 2002

Gurcharan Singh - Plant Systematics - Science Publishers, 2004

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Orient Longman - <em> Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997

William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004

www.traditionaltree.org

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