06
Jun
2009
Musa sp. - Bananas
Flowers | Liliopsida
1
0

Scientific name - Musa sp.

Synonyms --

Popular names - aga, banana, banana, Bananenstaude, dessert banana, Fiche d'Adamo, plantain, pomme de Paradis, cooking banana, fa'i, merry, Leka, Jain, mai'a, Maik, UHT, usr.

Distribution and Habitat - of Indo-Malay, Asian, and tropical Australia. Grow to 900 m altitude, on a wide range of soils, the ͦ temepraturi of 26-30 C.

Description - herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts. Calyx 3-5-toothed. 1 petal, calyx opposite, simple, 3-gear. Fruit Baca, Yellow-green, oblong-cylindrical, more or less curved, 3-40 x 2.8 cm, top round, blunt or conical. Seeds dark brown, ovoid, 4 mm long, with white endosperm.

Growth rate - soon to blossom.

Tolerances - drought, shading and salinity. Below (-2 ͦ C) destroy the plant. If planted in water-soaked soil will give poor production. Sensitive to strong winds.

Requirements - prefers well-drained and loamy soils, pH 5.5-7.5, with exhibitions sunny. Temperatures 2-30 ͦ C. Banana species can grow in temperate zones where they freeze.

Management - is regularly fertilizeaza is irrigated. Spring is clipped, and remove all parts dead.

Propagation - best by dividing rhizomes, rather than by seeds. Before splitting drajonilor be applied nutrients, when they share same 15 cm diameter and50 cm high, is irrigated bien. 6.7 When the new plants have leaves, nitrogen is fertilizeaza few weeks before harvesting the fruit.

Musa velutina and Musa textilis well multiply by seeds. The seeds are preserved in a dry and cold, do not require stratification, but can you with 24-48 hours before planting in the water. It resembles the well-drained soils in full sun, soil moisture is maintained.

Diseases and pests - Adoretus sinicus, Aspidiotus destructor, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bactrocera dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata, Chaetanaphothrips signipennis, Chrysodeixis eriosoma, Colletotrichum Musa, Cordana Musa, Elixothrips brevisetis, Erwinia sp., Fusarium oxysporum, Marasmiellus inoderma, Nacoleia octasema, Odioporus longicollis, Opogona saccharata, Phyllacora mus ICOL, Phytonemus pallidus, Planococcus citri Polytus mellerborgi, Pseudocercospora Musa, Saissetia coffeae, Sophonia rufofascia, Spodoptera litura, Trigonops sp ..

Natural partners and Garden - Abelmoschus manihot, Aleurites moluccana, Areca catechu, Colocasia esculenta, Cordyline fruticosa, Cyrtosperma, Mangifera indica, Morinda citrifolia, Pandanus sp., Piper methysticum, Saccharum officinarum, Tacca leontopetaloides.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - leaf buds are edible. In some areas, the leaves are used instead of umbrellas. The leaves are used as paper for tobacco, in south-west Pacific.

Species of Musa species can be used as ornamental garden, is easy to grow. Are planted at 1.8-2 m between plants. log.botanicatalog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/musa-sp.jpg ">

It is planted near Syzygium cumini, Eucalyptus sp., Schinus terebinthifolius.

The fruit of Musa paradisiaca immature in full, the food is a banana flour.

Banana starch granules show irregular.

Banana pulp can be used to prepare fermented alcoholic beverages, or to obtain an aromatic vinegar.

The leaves of bananas, Musa textilis and Musa basjoo may be used for textile training for cellulose.

The flowers are good in cases of dysentery and diabetes.

The fruits are astringent, emollient, aphrodisiac, tonic and antiscorbutic.

Bananas contain per 100 g: water 75g, Protein 1.2 g, Carbohydrate 23G, Fat 0.2 g Cellulose 0.6, 0.26 mg Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 0.04 mg Vitamin B 2 0.05 mg Vitamin C 10 mg, 8 mg Calcium, Iron 28 mg Magnesium 0.68 mg. Calories 88/100 g.

A banana is about 11-14 kg of fruit.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Adel Kader - Post Harvest Technology of Horticultural Crops - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 2002

Gurcharan Singh - Plant Systematics - Science Publishers, 2004

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Orient Longman - <em> Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997

William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004

www.traditionaltree.org

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Pelargonium australe - Muscat

Herbaceous perennial, 50 cm high, sparsely hairy, stems covered with non-glandular hairs. Leaves opposite, lamina ovata, ± circular, 2-9 cm long, 2-8 cm wide, 5-7 lobes, lobes Curl crenata edge, pubescent or ± glabra, 13 cm long stalks. Flowers arranged in umbele, 4.12 flowers pedunculate, 3.10 cm long, pedicel 1-2 cm long. Calyx lobes are 4.7 mm long, 1-6-8 SEPA, 8 mm long.

 
Cerastium tomentosum - snow in summer

Cerastium tomentosum - is a commonly grown rock-garden, often escape from cultivation.

 
Cyclamen persicum

Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.

 
Aphelandra squarrosa

Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate

 
Epilobium dodonaei

Epilobium dodonaei - spcie originated in Europe and the Caucasus, increases debris, calcareous rocks, up to 1700 m altitude.

 
Liliopsida
Spathiphyllum wallisii

Wallisii Spathiphyllum is one of the most common plants of the genus grown as indoor plants. Appearance herbaceous, 30 cm tall, with short stem, oval leaves with long petiole-lanceolata. Flowers small, yellow blossom gathered in a cylinder surrounded by a white shoulder.

 
Commelina communis

Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.

Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.

 
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

 
Hyacinthus orientalis

Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.

 
Kniphofia

Popular names: Torch Lily.

Originally from southern Africa. Kniphofia (complex hybrid) was one of the first species placed in the Cape, in the Netherlands in 1690.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links