Scientific name - Musa sp.
Popular names - aga, banana, banana, Bananenstaude, dessert banana, Fiche d'Adamo, plantain, pomme de Paradis, cooking banana, fa'i, merry, Leka, Jain, mai'a, Maik, UHT, usr.
Distribution and Habitat - of Indo-Malay, Asian, and tropical Australia. Grow to 900 m altitude, on a wide range of soils, the ͦ temepraturi of 26-30 C.
Description - herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts. Calyx 3-5-toothed. 1 petal, calyx opposite, simple, 3-gear. Fruit Baca, Yellow-green, oblong-cylindrical, more or less curved, 3-40 x 2.8 cm, top round, blunt or conical. Seeds dark brown, ovoid, 4 mm long, with white endosperm.
Growth rate - soon to blossom.
Tolerances - drought, shading and salinity. Below (-2 ͦ C) destroy the plant. If planted in water-soaked soil will give poor production. Sensitive to strong winds.
Requirements - prefers well-drained and loamy soils, pH 5.5-7.5, with exhibitions sunny. Temperatures 2-30 ͦ C. Banana species can grow in temperate zones where they freeze.
Management - is regularly fertilizeaza is irrigated. Spring is clipped, and remove all parts dead.
Propagation - best by dividing rhizomes, rather than by seeds. Before splitting drajonilor be applied nutrients, when they share same 15 cm diameter and50 cm high, is irrigated bien. 6.7 When the new plants have leaves, nitrogen is fertilizeaza few weeks before harvesting the fruit.
Musa velutina and Musa textilis well multiply by seeds. The seeds are preserved in a dry and cold, do not require stratification, but can you with 24-48 hours before planting in the water. It resembles the well-drained soils in full sun, soil moisture is maintained.
Diseases and pests - Adoretus sinicus, Aspidiotus destructor, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bactrocera dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata, Chaetanaphothrips signipennis, Chrysodeixis eriosoma, Colletotrichum Musa, Cordana Musa, Elixothrips brevisetis, Erwinia sp., Fusarium oxysporum, Marasmiellus inoderma, Nacoleia octasema, Odioporus longicollis, Opogona saccharata, Phyllacora mus ICOL, Phytonemus pallidus, Planococcus citri Polytus mellerborgi, Pseudocercospora Musa, Saissetia coffeae, Sophonia rufofascia, Spodoptera litura, Trigonops sp ..
Natural partners and Garden - Abelmoschus manihot, Aleurites moluccana, Areca catechu, Colocasia esculenta, Cordyline fruticosa, Cyrtosperma, Mangifera indica, Morinda citrifolia, Pandanus sp., Piper methysticum, Saccharum officinarum, Tacca leontopetaloides.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - leaf buds are edible. In some areas, the leaves are used instead of umbrellas. The leaves are used as paper for tobacco, in south-west Pacific.
Species of Musa species can be used as ornamental garden, is easy to grow. Are planted at 1.8-2 m between plants. log.botanicatalog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/musa-sp.jpg ">
The fruit of Musa paradisiaca immature in full, the food is a banana flour.
Banana starch granules show irregular.
Banana pulp can be used to prepare fermented alcoholic beverages, or to obtain an aromatic vinegar.
The flowers are good in cases of dysentery and diabetes.
The fruits are astringent, emollient, aphrodisiac, tonic and antiscorbutic.
Bananas contain per 100 g: water 75g, Protein 1.2 g, Carbohydrate 23G, Fat 0.2 g Cellulose 0.6, 0.26 mg Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 0.04 mg Vitamin B 2 0.05 mg Vitamin C 10 mg, 8 mg Calcium, Iron 28 mg Magnesium 0.68 mg. Calories 88/100 g.
A banana is about 11-14 kg of fruit.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Adel Kader - Post Harvest Technology of Horticultural Crops - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 2002
Gurcharan Singh - Plant Systematics - Science Publishers, 2004
Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972
Orient Longman - <em> Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997
William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Reseda lutea - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Hailing from Europe, increases alkaline soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.