06
Jun
2009
Musa sp. - Bananas
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Musa sp.

Synonyms --

Popular names - aga, banana, banana, Bananenstaude, dessert banana, Fiche d'Adamo, plantain, pomme de Paradis, cooking banana, fa'i, merry, Leka, Jain, mai'a, Maik, UHT, usr.

Distribution and Habitat - of Indo-Malay, Asian, and tropical Australia. Grow to 900 m altitude, on a wide range of soils, the ͦ temepraturi of 26-30 C.

Description - herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts. Calyx 3-5-toothed. 1 petal, calyx opposite, simple, 3-gear. Fruit Baca, Yellow-green, oblong-cylindrical, more or less curved, 3-40 x 2.8 cm, top round, blunt or conical. Seeds dark brown, ovoid, 4 mm long, with white endosperm.

Growth rate - soon to blossom.

Tolerances - drought, shading and salinity. Below (-2 ͦ C) destroy the plant. If planted in water-soaked soil will give poor production. Sensitive to strong winds.

Requirements - prefers well-drained and loamy soils, pH 5.5-7.5, with exhibitions sunny. Temperatures 2-30 ͦ C. Banana species can grow in temperate zones where they freeze.

Management - is regularly fertilizeaza is irrigated. Spring is clipped, and remove all parts dead.

Propagation - best by dividing rhizomes, rather than by seeds. Before splitting drajonilor be applied nutrients, when they share same 15 cm diameter and50 cm high, is irrigated bien. 6.7 When the new plants have leaves, nitrogen is fertilizeaza few weeks before harvesting the fruit.

Musa velutina and Musa textilis well multiply by seeds. The seeds are preserved in a dry and cold, do not require stratification, but can you with 24-48 hours before planting in the water. It resembles the well-drained soils in full sun, soil moisture is maintained.

Diseases and pests - Adoretus sinicus, Aspidiotus destructor, Bacillus thuringiensis, Bactrocera dorsalis, Ceratitis capitata, Chaetanaphothrips signipennis, Chrysodeixis eriosoma, Colletotrichum Musa, Cordana Musa, Elixothrips brevisetis, Erwinia sp., Fusarium oxysporum, Marasmiellus inoderma, Nacoleia octasema, Odioporus longicollis, Opogona saccharata, Phyllacora mus ICOL, Phytonemus pallidus, Planococcus citri Polytus mellerborgi, Pseudocercospora Musa, Saissetia coffeae, Sophonia rufofascia, Spodoptera litura, Trigonops sp ..

Natural partners and Garden - Abelmoschus manihot, Aleurites moluccana, Areca catechu, Colocasia esculenta, Cordyline fruticosa, Cyrtosperma, Mangifera indica, Morinda citrifolia, Pandanus sp., Piper methysticum, Saccharum officinarum, Tacca leontopetaloides.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - leaf buds are edible. In some areas, the leaves are used instead of umbrellas. The leaves are used as paper for tobacco, in south-west Pacific.

Species of Musa species can be used as ornamental garden, is easy to grow. Are planted at 1.8-2 m between plants. log.botanicatalog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/musa-sp.jpg ">

It is planted near Syzygium cumini, Eucalyptus sp., Schinus terebinthifolius.

The fruit of Musa paradisiaca immature in full, the food is a banana flour.

Banana starch granules show irregular.

Banana pulp can be used to prepare fermented alcoholic beverages, or to obtain an aromatic vinegar.

The leaves of bananas, Musa textilis and Musa basjoo may be used for textile training for cellulose.

The flowers are good in cases of dysentery and diabetes.

The fruits are astringent, emollient, aphrodisiac, tonic and antiscorbutic.

Bananas contain per 100 g: water 75g, Protein 1.2 g, Carbohydrate 23G, Fat 0.2 g Cellulose 0.6, 0.26 mg Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 0.04 mg Vitamin B 2 0.05 mg Vitamin C 10 mg, 8 mg Calcium, Iron 28 mg Magnesium 0.68 mg. Calories 88/100 g.

A banana is about 11-14 kg of fruit.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Adel Kader - Post Harvest Technology of Horticultural Crops - Agriculture & Natural Resources, 2002

Gurcharan Singh - Plant Systematics - Science Publishers, 2004

Ira L. Wiggins, Duncan M. Porter - Flora of the Galapagos Islands - Stanford University Press, 1972

Orient Longman - <em> Indian Medicinal Plants - South Asia Books, 1997

William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004

www.traditionaltree.org

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Flowers
Cichorium intybus - Chicory

Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.

 
Felicia amelloides

Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.

Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.

 
Calystegia sepium

Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.

 
Lilium bulbiferum

Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.

 
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
Liliopsida
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Lilium bulbiferum

Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.

 
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca

Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.

 
Hyacinthus orientalis

Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links