Scientific name - Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Popular names - Flor de La Estrella, climbing Gazania.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the provinces of Atacama and Nùble of Chile, the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan and Mendoza in Argentina, increased up to 1500-2500 m altitude, on granite soils, and rocky slopes.
Description - undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel; prominent median rib and the front and back languages, yellow-green. Capitulum solitary blossom, finishal, short pedunculate, peduncle 0.5-2.3 cm. Involucre cylindrical to campanulata, 2.0-2.5 x 1.0-1.2 cm diameter, bracts dark pink to the top, nested, outer bracteele ovata are narrow to semicircular, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0 cm, with the top terminal reflex to 1.2 cm long , bracteele interior are oblong, 2.0 x 0.9 cm, top obtuse with the top end of the linear-lanceolata 0.2-0.5 cm long, white tomentos based on inside. Receptacle flat, 8.0 cm diameter. Flowers ligula 8-10, female, consonant, narrow language lanceolata, 2.3-2.7 cm x 0.6-0.7 cm, orange, top 3-toothed, corolla tube about 2.3 cm long, glabru. Tubular flowers 20, hermagrodite, consonant, Corola orange-yellow to yellow upper labium about 0.8 cm long, 3-toothed, 2 lobes recurbati lower labium, corolla tube 1.7 cm glabru, anther cylindrical, yellow-orange. Blooms in November-April in the natural environment and culture from July to September. Achenes 1.5-1.7 cm long, brown-inchs, glabra; doll 2.0-2.5 cm long, plume.
Growth rate --
Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-5) ͦ C for short periods. Not tolerate snow.
Requirements - prefer sandy soils, rocky and unstable, with very good drainage and dry in winter, light shading in summer.
Management - is tutoreaza.
Propagation - by seeds or by cuttings.
Diseases and pests --
Natural partners and Garden - Dalechampia Micromeria, Davilla rugosa, Doliocarpus sp., Ipomoea cair, Mikania sp., Pyrostegia venusta, Smilax campestris, Tetracera sp., Vanilla chamissonis.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes, near a wall or pergola.
In Chile, Mutisia subspinosa is used in traditional medicine.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Ernesto William, Mosbach - Botanical indigenous Chile - Andres Bello, 2000
JW Kadereit and C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.