Scientific name - Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Popular names - Flor de La Estrella, climbing Gazania.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the provinces of Atacama and Nùble of Chile, the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan and Mendoza in Argentina, increased up to 1500-2500 m altitude, on granite soils, and rocky slopes.
Description - undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel; prominent median rib and the front and back languages, yellow-green. Capitulum solitary blossom, finishal, short pedunculate, peduncle 0.5-2.3 cm. Involucre cylindrical to campanulata, 2.0-2.5 x 1.0-1.2 cm diameter, bracts dark pink to the top, nested, outer bracteele ovata are narrow to semicircular, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0 cm, with the top terminal reflex to 1.2 cm long , bracteele interior are oblong, 2.0 x 0.9 cm, top obtuse with the top end of the linear-lanceolata 0.2-0.5 cm long, white tomentos based on inside. Receptacle flat, 8.0 cm diameter. Flowers ligula 8-10, female, consonant, narrow language lanceolata, 2.3-2.7 cm x 0.6-0.7 cm, orange, top 3-toothed, corolla tube about 2.3 cm long, glabru. Tubular flowers 20, hermagrodite, consonant, Corola orange-yellow to yellow upper labium about 0.8 cm long, 3-toothed, 2 lobes recurbati lower labium, corolla tube 1.7 cm glabru, anther cylindrical, yellow-orange. Blooms in November-April in the natural environment and culture from July to September. Achenes 1.5-1.7 cm long, brown-inchs, glabra; doll 2.0-2.5 cm long, plume.
Growth rate --
Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-5) ͦ C for short periods. Not tolerate snow.
Requirements - prefer sandy soils, rocky and unstable, with very good drainage and dry in winter, light shading in summer.
Management - is tutoreaza.
Propagation - by seeds or by cuttings.
Diseases and pests --
Natural partners and Garden - Dalechampia Micromeria, Davilla rugosa, Doliocarpus sp., Ipomoea cair, Mikania sp., Pyrostegia venusta, Smilax campestris, Tetracera sp., Vanilla chamissonis.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes, near a wall or pergola.
In Chile, Mutisia subspinosa is used in traditional medicine.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Ernesto William, Mosbach - Botanical indigenous Chile - Andres Bello, 2000
JW Kadereit and C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree
Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.