Scientific name - Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Popular names - Flor de La Estrella, climbing Gazania.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the provinces of Atacama and Nùble of Chile, the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan and Mendoza in Argentina, increased up to 1500-2500 m altitude, on granite soils, and rocky slopes.
Description - undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel; prominent median rib and the front and back languages, yellow-green. Capitulum solitary blossom, finishal, short pedunculate, peduncle 0.5-2.3 cm. Involucre cylindrical to campanulata, 2.0-2.5 x 1.0-1.2 cm diameter, bracts dark pink to the top, nested, outer bracteele ovata are narrow to semicircular, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0 cm, with the top terminal reflex to 1.2 cm long , bracteele interior are oblong, 2.0 x 0.9 cm, top obtuse with the top end of the linear-lanceolata 0.2-0.5 cm long, white tomentos based on inside. Receptacle flat, 8.0 cm diameter. Flowers ligula 8-10, female, consonant, narrow language lanceolata, 2.3-2.7 cm x 0.6-0.7 cm, orange, top 3-toothed, corolla tube about 2.3 cm long, glabru. Tubular flowers 20, hermagrodite, consonant, Corola orange-yellow to yellow upper labium about 0.8 cm long, 3-toothed, 2 lobes recurbati lower labium, corolla tube 1.7 cm glabru, anther cylindrical, yellow-orange. Blooms in November-April in the natural environment and culture from July to September. Achenes 1.5-1.7 cm long, brown-inchs, glabra; doll 2.0-2.5 cm long, plume.
Growth rate --
Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-5) ͦ C for short periods. Not tolerate snow.
Requirements - prefer sandy soils, rocky and unstable, with very good drainage and dry in winter, light shading in summer.
Management - is tutoreaza.
Propagation - by seeds or by cuttings.
Diseases and pests --
Natural partners and Garden - Dalechampia Micromeria, Davilla rugosa, Doliocarpus sp., Ipomoea cair, Mikania sp., Pyrostegia venusta, Smilax campestris, Tetracera sp., Vanilla chamissonis.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes, near a wall or pergola.
In Chile, Mutisia subspinosa is used in traditional medicine.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Ernesto William, Mosbach - Botanical indigenous Chile - Andres Bello, 2000
JW Kadereit and C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Calycanthus floridus L.
Shrub 1.8-4 m tall, multiple stems, erect, clocks the fruit. Buds small, round, naked, brown-pubescent. Scaorta smooth lenticele, by burning aromatic, dark gray-brown. Leaves opposite, decidue, simple ovata to elliptic, entire, aromatic if they are broken, shiny, dense tomentoase inside, spring green, autumn is yellow or yellow-versa.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.