05
Jun
2009
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Mutisia subspinosa Cav.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Flor de La Estrella, climbing Gazania.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the provinces of Atacama and Nùble of Chile, the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan and Mendoza in Argentina, increased up to 1500-2500 m altitude, on granite soils, and rocky slopes.

Description - undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel; prominent median rib and the front and back languages, yellow-green. Capitulum solitary blossom, finishal, short pedunculate, peduncle 0.5-2.3 cm. Involucre cylindrical to campanulata, 2.0-2.5 x 1.0-1.2 cm diameter, bracts dark pink to the top, nested, outer bracteele ovata are narrow to semicircular, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0 cm, with the top terminal reflex to 1.2 cm long , bracteele interior are oblong, 2.0 x 0.9 cm, top obtuse with the top end of the linear-lanceolata 0.2-0.5 cm long, white tomentos based on inside. Receptacle flat, 8.0 cm diameter. Flowers ligula 8-10, female, consonant, narrow language lanceolata, 2.3-2.7 cm x 0.6-0.7 cm, orange, top 3-toothed, corolla tube about 2.3 cm long, glabru. Tubular flowers 20, hermagrodite, consonant, Corola orange-yellow to yellow upper labium about 0.8 cm long, 3-toothed, 2 lobes recurbati lower labium, corolla tube 1.7 cm glabru, anther cylindrical, yellow-orange. Blooms in November-April in the natural environment and culture from July to September. Achenes 1.5-1.7 cm long, brown-inchs, glabra; doll 2.0-2.5 cm long, plume.

Growth rate --

Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-5) ͦ C for short periods. Not tolerate snow.

Requirements - prefer sandy soils, rocky and unstable, with very good drainage and dry in winter, light shading in summer.

Management - is tutoreaza.

Propagation - by seeds or by cuttings.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and Garden - Dalechampia Micromeria, Davilla rugosa, Doliocarpus sp., Ipomoea cair, Mikania sp., Pyrostegia venusta, Smilax campestris, Tetracera sp., Vanilla chamissonis.

Cultivars and varieties --

Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes, near a wall or pergola.

In Chile, Mutisia subspinosa is used in traditional medicine.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Ernesto William, Mosbach - Botanical indigenous Chile - Andres Bello, 2000

JW Kadereit and C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006

www3.interscience.wiley.com

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