Scientific name - Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Popular names - Flor de La Estrella, climbing Gazania.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the provinces of Atacama and Nùble of Chile, the provinces of La Rioja, San Juan and Mendoza in Argentina, increased up to 1500-2500 m altitude, on granite soils, and rocky slopes.
Description - undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel; prominent median rib and the front and back languages, yellow-green. Capitulum solitary blossom, finishal, short pedunculate, peduncle 0.5-2.3 cm. Involucre cylindrical to campanulata, 2.0-2.5 x 1.0-1.2 cm diameter, bracts dark pink to the top, nested, outer bracteele ovata are narrow to semicircular, 0.2-0.5 x 1.0 cm, with the top terminal reflex to 1.2 cm long , bracteele interior are oblong, 2.0 x 0.9 cm, top obtuse with the top end of the linear-lanceolata 0.2-0.5 cm long, white tomentos based on inside. Receptacle flat, 8.0 cm diameter. Flowers ligula 8-10, female, consonant, narrow language lanceolata, 2.3-2.7 cm x 0.6-0.7 cm, orange, top 3-toothed, corolla tube about 2.3 cm long, glabru. Tubular flowers 20, hermagrodite, consonant, Corola orange-yellow to yellow upper labium about 0.8 cm long, 3-toothed, 2 lobes recurbati lower labium, corolla tube 1.7 cm glabru, anther cylindrical, yellow-orange. Blooms in November-April in the natural environment and culture from July to September. Achenes 1.5-1.7 cm long, brown-inchs, glabra; doll 2.0-2.5 cm long, plume.
Growth rate --
Tolerances - tolerate temperatures up to (-5) ͦ C for short periods. Not tolerate snow.
Requirements - prefer sandy soils, rocky and unstable, with very good drainage and dry in winter, light shading in summer.
Management - is tutoreaza.
Propagation - by seeds or by cuttings.
Diseases and pests --
Natural partners and Garden - Dalechampia Micromeria, Davilla rugosa, Doliocarpus sp., Ipomoea cair, Mikania sp., Pyrostegia venusta, Smilax campestris, Tetracera sp., Vanilla chamissonis.
Cultivars and varieties --
Properties and Uses - can be used for ornamental purposes, near a wall or pergola.
In Chile, Mutisia subspinosa is used in traditional medicine.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Ernesto William, Mosbach - Botanical indigenous Chile - Andres Bello, 2000
JW Kadereit and C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Trees and shrubs
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.