23
Apr
2009
Myrsine africana
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Myrsine africana

Popular names - African boxwood, Atulgan, baibarang, Bérangère, Bidang, Cape Myrtle, Gugil, semapo, Kakhum, Karuk, Kokhuri, sethkhisa, Shamshad, thakisa, vavarang, vlieebos mirting.

Distribution and Habitat - originating from the Cape to tropical Africa and Asia.

Description - evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short. Flowers small, 2 mm long, pink-white on the armpit leaves bouquets. Bloom in October -December. Fruit Baca round, 5 mm wide, red-purple, in November-February, containing a single seed.

Growth rate - slowly.

Requirements - clay and peat, the semiumbra.

Propagation - by seeds or seedlings. Seeds is sown early spring in a greenhouse warm.

Natural partners and garden - Acer platanoides, Knowlton African, Prata pedunculata.

Properties and Uses - the fruit has properties antispasmotice, purgatives, external use in treating herpes and other skin infections.

Fruits and seeds and quercitol embolic acid. Embeline fruit contains over 3%.

Decoction of leaves is used to purify blood.

Treatment of intestinal worms in animals: Crush the 0.25 kg of Myrsine africana leaves with 0.5 l water. This is enough for an adult animal. Cattle is used only half the amount.

African Mersin is right for you fence. The fruits are edible.

References

HP Khara - Indian Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2008

Narain Singh Chauhan - Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Himachal Pradesh - Indus Publishing Company, 1999

Yang Xinrong - Traditional Chinese Medicine - Springer, 2003

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