06
Mar
2009
Narcissus poeticus L.
Flowers | Liliopsida
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Scientific name - Narcissus poeticus L.

Popular names - daffodils, daffodil, pingstlija, claudinette, narcyz Bialy, Narciso selvatico, dichternarzisse.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Europe, growing on wet soils to levels of 1600 m.

Description - Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata; coronula yellow red edge, edges crenulate, cup-shaped, 0.3 x 15 mm, 3 stamens short, pedicel 2-3 cm, shoulder brown, 4-5 cm. 2n = 14, 21.

Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunnys or semi-shade. Temperature 15-17 ° C. Fertilizeaza with the NPK is 3:2:3.

Management - raising soil fertilization during vegetation. Bulbs are deplanteaza when leaves are dry, June-July. Bulbs should be stored in places aeriste at temperatures of 9 ° C.

Propagation - with bulbs, planting in September-October, 10 inches deep and 10-15 cm distance between plants. Bulbili are planted in nursery to 6-8 inches deep and 5 cm distance between plants, thrive after 1-3 years. The seeds soon after ripening seed is sown in pots.

Pests and diseases - Fusarium oxysporium, Erwinia aroideae, Eumerus strigatus.

Natural partners and Garden - armeniacum Muscari, Narcissuspseudonarcissus, Tulipa.

Properties and Uses - allergic reactions caused by allergens in flowers and stems. Ingestion of bulbs can cause nausea, dizziness and diarrhea. Dried flowers are used as sedatives, antispasmotice and antidiareice.

References

Dennis W. Maqee, Harry E. Ahles - Flora of the Northeast - University of Massachusetts Press, 2007

Maria Bala - Special Floriculture - Timpolis, ed. II, 2003

Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants. CRC, 1990

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