Scientific name - Narcissus poeticus L.
Popular names - daffodils, daffodil, pingstlija, claudinette, narcyz Bialy, Narciso selvatico, dichternarzisse.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Europe, growing on wet soils to levels of 1600 m.
Description - Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata; coronula yellow red edge, edges crenulate, cup-shaped, 0.3 x 15 mm, 3 stamens short, pedicel 2-3 cm, shoulder brown, 4-5 cm. 2n = 14, 21.
Requirements - well-drained soil, with exhibitions sunnys or semi-shade. Temperature 15-17 ° C. Fertilizeaza with the NPK is 3:2:3.
Management - raising soil fertilization during vegetation. Bulbs are deplanteaza when leaves are dry, June-July. Bulbs should be stored in places aeriste at temperatures of 9 ° C.
Propagation - with bulbs, planting in September-October, 10 inches deep and 10-15 cm distance between plants. Bulbili are planted in nursery to 6-8 inches deep and 5 cm distance between plants, thrive after 1-3 years. The seeds soon after ripening seed is sown in pots.
Pests and diseases - Fusarium oxysporium, Erwinia aroideae, Eumerus strigatus.
Properties and Uses - allergic reactions caused by allergens in flowers and stems. Ingestion of bulbs can cause nausea, dizziness and diarrhea. Dried flowers are used as sedatives, antispasmotice and antidiareice.
Dennis W. Maqee, Harry E. Ahles - Flora of the Northeast - University of Massachusetts Press, 2007
Maria Bala - Special Floriculture - Timpolis, ed. II, 2003
Spoerke, Susan C. Smolinske - Toxicity of Houseplants. CRC, 1990
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Allium brussalisii (Aliaceae), new species from Greece