18
Feb
2011
Nemophila maculata
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Nemophila maculata Benth.

Synonyms -

Popular names - fivespot.

Distribution and Habitat - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude.

Description - herbaceous annual. Prostrata strain, juicy, glabra, 10-30 cm long. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate or oblong, base cunea, 0.8-2 x 0.3-0.8 cm, 5-9 lobes lanceolate, upper leaves are short petiole or sessile, toothed or entire, or hirsuta hispida. Pedunculated long flowers, calyx sepals lanceolate to triungular-ovate, 5-8 mm long, corolla 1.5-5 cm, white with purple veins and a spot at the tip of each petal, petals oblonglanceolare to obovate. Blooms in April-July. Fruit capsule, 4-6 mm diameter

Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, with exhibitionssunny or partially shaded.

Propagation - by seed, is sown in February-March, in greenhouses. Germinate in 7-21 days.

Properties and Uses - cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.

Curiosity - like Nemophila includes 11 species of annual herbaceous originating in North America.

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Magnoliopsida
Capparis spinosa L. - caper

Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.

 
Madhuca longifolia Macb.

Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals

 
Syzygium aromaticum - clove

Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.

 
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil

Araucanum Psidium (Myrtaceae) is an endemic species in the state of Parana and Sao Paulo in southeastern Brazil, along the rivers.

Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.

 
Gentiana lutea

Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.

 
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