Scientific Name - Nemophila maculata Benth.
Popular names - fivespot.
Distribution and Habitat - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous annual. Prostrata strain, juicy, glabra, 10-30 cm long. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovate or oblong, base cunea, 0.8-2 x 0.3-0.8 cm, 5-9 lobes lanceolate, upper leaves are short petiole or sessile, toothed or entire, or hirsuta hispida. Pedunculated long flowers, calyx sepals lanceolate to triungular-ovate, 5-8 mm long, corolla 1.5-5 cm, white with purple veins and a spot at the tip of each petal, petals oblonglanceolare to obovate. Blooms in April-July. Fruit capsule, 4-6 mm diameter
Requirements - prefer rich soil, moist, well-drained, with exhibitionssunny or partially shaded.
Propagation - by seed, is sown in February-March, in greenhouses. Germinate in 7-21 days.
Properties and Uses - cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
Curiosity - like Nemophila includes 11 species of annual herbaceous originating in North America.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Actinotus periculosus (Apiaceae), new perennial species in Australia