12
May
2010
Nepeta cataria
Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Nepeta cataria L.

Synonyms - Clinopodium Nepeta, Melissa Nepeta, Satureja calamintha, Satureja Nepeta.

Popular names - catusnica, cataria, catmint, catwort, field mint, erba dei Gatti, herb aux chats.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows in arid places.

Description - herbaceous perennial. Stems 4-edges, branched, 40-100 cm long. Leaves opposite to oblong ovata, stem, the heart, with 8-12 pairs of edge crenata teeth pefata green top, gray inside. Flowers placed in the top of the vertical thick stems and upper fruzelor subsoara; bracts small foliacee; the calyx puberulent, subulati teeth; Corola white or pale purple, purple spots locked lobes are slightly larger than the calyx. Blooms in iulie.octombrie.

Requirements - exhibitions sunny or semi-shade.

Properties and Uses - can grow in market gardens.

Contains more vitamin C and A.

Nepeta cataria Valerian has similar properties, Amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.

Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.

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