Scientific Name - Nepeta cataria L.
Synonyms - Clinopodium Nepeta, Melissa Nepeta, Satureja calamintha, Satureja Nepeta.
Popular names - catusnica, cataria, catmint, catwort, field mint, erba dei Gatti, herb aux chats.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows in arid places.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stems 4-edges, branched, 40-100 cm long. Leaves opposite to oblong ovata, stem, the heart, with 8-12 pairs of edge crenata teeth pefata green top, gray inside. Flowers placed in the top of the vertical thick stems and upper fruzelor subsoara; bracts small foliacee; the calyx puberulent, subulati teeth; Corola white or pale purple, purple spots locked lobes are slightly larger than the calyx. Blooms in iulie.octombrie.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny or semi-shade.
Properties and Uses - can grow in market gardens.
Contains more vitamin C and A.
Nepeta cataria Valerian has similar properties, Amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.