Scientific Name - Nepeta cataria L.
Synonyms - Clinopodium Nepeta, Melissa Nepeta, Satureja calamintha, Satureja Nepeta.
Popular names - catusnica, cataria, catmint, catwort, field mint, erba dei Gatti, herb aux chats.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows in arid places.
Description - herbaceous perennial. Stems 4-edges, branched, 40-100 cm long. Leaves opposite to oblong ovata, stem, the heart, with 8-12 pairs of edge crenata teeth pefata green top, gray inside. Flowers placed in the top of the vertical thick stems and upper fruzelor subsoara; bracts small foliacee; the calyx puberulent, subulati teeth; Corola white or pale purple, purple spots locked lobes are slightly larger than the calyx. Blooms in iulie.octombrie.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny or semi-shade.
Properties and Uses - can grow in market gardens.
Contains more vitamin C and A.
Nepeta cataria Valerian has similar properties, Amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Haplophyllum patavinum belongs to the family Rutaceae, dedicated to the city of Padova (IT). Species by extinction due to habitat destruction, species protected by law (in Italy).