29
Jul
2011
Nicotiana alata
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific alinafroDenumire - Nicotiana alata

Synonyms - Nicotiana afinis

Popular names - regina noptii, tobacco plant, flowering  tobacco, jasmine tabacco.

Distribution and Habitat - native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay.

Description - Perennial species. Stems branched, 60-90 cm high. Leaves alternate, spatulate-elliptic, obtuse or subacute tip, 10-25.5 cm long, sessile or short petiolate, petiole wing. Flowers grouped in loose raceme, fragrant, white. Calyx 15-25 mm, Campanula. 50-100 mm corolla, tubular to infundibuliforme white-green, limb 15-25 mm. Stamens unequal, inserted at ¼ or 1 / 3 of corolla tube. Fruit capsule 12-17 mm, ovoid.

Growth Rate - fast.

Requirements - prefer rich soil, well drained, clay, sunny or partially shaded in exhibitions.

Propagation - partsn seeds. It resembles in September-October in the field, and in March in the greenhouse, germinate in 14-21 days after sowing. Plants can be transplanted when they have six leaves. Are planted 30 cm between plants. Blooms in 10 to 12 weeks after sowing.

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens or in pots.

Curiosity - the genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

The first was discovered species Nicotiana rustica, following Columbus's expedition in 1492.

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Musa sp. - Bananas

Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.

 
Iberis sempervirens

Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.

 
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta

Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Gazania

Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.

 
Magnoliopsida
Syzygium aromaticum - clove

Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.

 
Mercurialis annua

Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.

 
Nemophila maculata

Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Hydrangea - Hortensia

Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.

 
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