Scientific Name - Nicotiana tabacum L.
Popular names - tobacco, tobacco, bacon, Duhan, Virginscher Tabak, Kozonseges Dohany, Tabak nastoiascii, Tiutium.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in America.
Description - herbaceous annual, terofita. Root pivoting. Stems erect, cylindrical, glandulous-hairy, simple or slightly branched, 180 cm. Leaves elliptic to narrow-lanceolate, sessile or short petiolate, alternate, glandulous-hairy. Flowers white, pink or red, fragrant, in paniculate inflorescence. Blooms in June and September. Biloculara fruit capsule contains many seeds ovoid or kidney-shaped, brown, rough.
Tolerance - do not tolerate excess moisture and temperatures below 10 ° C.
Requirements - prefers sandy-loam soils, well-drained in full sun.
Propagation - by seeds, germineaza 12 ° C.
Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, pseudozoogloae bacterium, Erwinia carotovora, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas solanacearum, P. aeruginosa.
Properties and Uses - the most popular items are cigarettes made from Nicotiana tabacum.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.
Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.
Narcissus poeticus L.
Bulb ovoid, 3-4 x 1.5-2 cm, brown tunic. 4 basal leaves, limb 20-40 x 0,6-1,2 cm, green glauca; nervatiune parallel. Flower stalk 30-45 cm. Flower solitary, fragrant, perianth 5.7 cm wide; periantului tube 2-3 cm; tepale overlapping, reflection, white, ovat-orbiculare, 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-2 cm, top mucronata
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Bellium artrutxensis sp.nov. Balearic Islands
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.
Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.