18
Oct
2010
Nicotiana tabacum
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
5
0

Scientific Name - Nicotiana tabacum L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - tobacco, tobacco, bacon, Duhan, Virginscher Tabak, Kozonseges Dohany, Tabak nastoiascii, Tiutium.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in America.

Description - herbaceous annual, terofita. Root pivoting. Stems erect, cylindrical, glandulous-hairy, simple or slightly branched, 180 cm. Leaves elliptic to narrow-lanceolate, sessile or short petiolate, alternate, glandulous-hairy. Flowers white, pink or red, fragrant, in paniculate inflorescence. Blooms in June and September. Biloculara fruit capsule contains many seeds ovoid or kidney-shaped, brown, rough.

Tolerance - do not tolerate excess moisture and temperatures below 10 ° C.

Requirements - prefers sandy-loam soils, well-drained in full sun.

Propagation - by seeds, germineaza 12 ° C.

Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas syringae, pseudozoogloae bacterium, Erwinia carotovora, Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bacillus cereus, Pseudomonas solanacearum, P. aeruginosa.

Properties and Uses - the most popular items are cigarettes made from Nicotiana tabacum.


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Physoplexis comosa

Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.

 
Petunia hybrida

Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.

 
Dictamnus albus L.

Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
Helleborus viridis

Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.

 
Magnoliopsida
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple

Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.

 
Heliosperma pusillum

Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.

 
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow

Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.

 
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba

Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .

 
Nepeta cataria

Nepeta cataria has similar properties with valeriana, amaro-tonic and sedative antispasmotica.

Nepeta cataria var. citronelol citriodora contains more essential oil used as perfume industry.

 
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