Scientific name - Nigella arvensis L.
Popular names - negrusca, Kandilli Mezei, Wilder Schwarzkummel, fiore di Passione.
Distribution and Habitat - samanaturi grows grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, slightly branched, usually glabra, 7-40 cm tall, green or gray-green. Leaves 2-3 cm long, 2-3 or sectors, with narrow linear Lacina. Foliolele tongue periantului wide ovate, 1.6-2 cm long, acuminate, blue, green on top, the sides with nervatiune reticulata, bluish-green, prominent. Nectarios yellow, green-blue, with unguicula wider, white and blue stripes cross. Blooming in June-September. Follicles 3-5 (8), back with 3 prominent veins which unite and continue in a beak, longalmost as follicle length. Neumflate follicles, Overgrown at the base only to as much as two thirds of its length, forming a capsule obconica, side wall or coarse glabra tubers. Seeds blackish brown to black. 2n = 12
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Herbaceous perennial species, dioecious. 5 cm diameter stalk. Leaves green to green-yellow with the main rib, which ends with a cylindrical Carcel which is longer than the tongue of the leaf, finished with a pitcher. Blossom panic or Raceme. Digestive glands are located inside the jar walls. Seeds are small and filiforme.