Scientific name - Nigella sativa L.
Popular names - chimen negru, negrilica, Behaaeter Schwarzkummel, black cumin, Habbatul-Barakah, nigelle, faux cumin, cumin noir.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, simple or branched, 40 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 cm long, alternate, sessile, linear or narrow lanceolate lacinii, entire, acute. Solitary terminal inflorescence. Flower pedicel, actinomorfe, hermaphrodite, pentamere. Calyx consists of 5 separate, oblong ovate, tip obtuse, white, blue-green to the top, with short and narrow unguicula. Nectarios unguiculate short, bilabiate, the labia minora biloba, labia majora mucronat. Blooms in May-August. Fruit elongated globular capsule, the follicles concrescreases to the top, back rounded, with long beak, almost as follicles. Trimuchiate seeds, black.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species.
Curiosity - Nigella sativa belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, grows near the Mediterranean countries, Pakistan and India.
Nigella sativa has been used for centuries that cure of many diseases, and spice.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
People from Mediterranean N. sativa seed oil extract and use it as a natural remedy against many diseases.
The seeds are rich in amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and essential oils.
Pedicularis rostrata-capitata - grows on alpine and subalpine meadows, cave sites, 1800-2400 m altitude.
Pedicularis rostrata-capital belongs to the family Orobanchaceae, which contain parasites or semiparazite, with or without chlorophyll, leaf bracteiforme.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.