Scientific name - Nigella sativa L.
Popular names - chimen negru, negrilica, Behaaeter Schwarzkummel, black cumin, Habbatul-Barakah, nigelle, faux cumin, cumin noir.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, simple or branched, 40 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 cm long, alternate, sessile, linear or narrow lanceolate lacinii, entire, acute. Solitary terminal inflorescence. Flower pedicel, actinomorfe, hermaphrodite, pentamere. Calyx consists of 5 separate, oblong ovate, tip obtuse, white, blue-green to the top, with short and narrow unguicula. Nectarios unguiculate short, bilabiate, the labia minora biloba, labia majora mucronat. Blooms in May-August. Fruit elongated globular capsule, the follicles concrescreases to the top, back rounded, with long beak, almost as follicles. Trimuchiate seeds, black.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species.
Curiosity - Nigella sativa belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, grows near the Mediterranean countries, Pakistan and India.
Nigella sativa has been used for centuries that cure of many diseases, and spice.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
People from Mediterranean N. sativa seed oil extract and use it as a natural remedy against many diseases.
The seeds are rich in amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and essential oils.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Saponaria officinalis - perennial species, rhizome cylindrical, highly branched, crawler, with sterile and fertile shoots. Originally from Europe and Asia, growing on the river, along fences, roads and crops edges.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.