Scientific name - Nigella sativa L.
Popular names - chimen negru, negrilica, Behaaeter Schwarzkummel, black cumin, Habbatul-Barakah, nigelle, faux cumin, cumin noir.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, simple or branched, 40 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 cm long, alternate, sessile, linear or narrow lanceolate lacinii, entire, acute. Solitary terminal inflorescence. Flower pedicel, actinomorfe, hermaphrodite, pentamere. Calyx consists of 5 separate, oblong ovate, tip obtuse, white, blue-green to the top, with short and narrow unguicula. Nectarios unguiculate short, bilabiate, the labia minora biloba, labia majora mucronat. Blooms in May-August. Fruit elongated globular capsule, the follicles concrescreases to the top, back rounded, with long beak, almost as follicles. Trimuchiate seeds, black.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species.
Curiosity - Nigella sativa belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, grows near the Mediterranean countries, Pakistan and India.
Nigella sativa has been used for centuries that cure of many diseases, and spice.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
People from Mediterranean N. sativa seed oil extract and use it as a natural remedy against many diseases.
The seeds are rich in amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and essential oils.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Impatiens balsamina - a species herbaceous annual, native to China and India. cultivated as ornamental plants in parks and gardens. It can be grown as potted plants, but watered regularly.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Shrub or small tree, 1-5 m height, stalk Rosietici, smooth or slightly ribbed or tubers, glauca, purple. Leaves with lamina narrow-lanceolata, lanceolata or narrow-oblong-elliptical, 8-21 x 3.8 cm, the attenuated cuneata, top acute or obtuse, petiole up to 5 mm long. Petals 2-3, 8.12 mm long, ovata.