Scientific name - Nigella sativa L.
Popular names - chimen negru, negrilica, Behaaeter Schwarzkummel, black cumin, Habbatul-Barakah, nigelle, faux cumin, cumin noir.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
Description - annual species. Stems erect, simple or branched, 40 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 cm long, alternate, sessile, linear or narrow lanceolate lacinii, entire, acute. Solitary terminal inflorescence. Flower pedicel, actinomorfe, hermaphrodite, pentamere. Calyx consists of 5 separate, oblong ovate, tip obtuse, white, blue-green to the top, with short and narrow unguicula. Nectarios unguiculate short, bilabiate, the labia minora biloba, labia majora mucronat. Blooms in May-August. Fruit elongated globular capsule, the follicles concrescreases to the top, back rounded, with long beak, almost as follicles. Trimuchiate seeds, black.
Propagation - by seeds.
Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species.
Curiosity - Nigella sativa belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, grows near the Mediterranean countries, Pakistan and India.
Nigella sativa has been used for centuries that cure of many diseases, and spice.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
People from Mediterranean N. sativa seed oil extract and use it as a natural remedy against many diseases.
The seeds are rich in amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and essential oils.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent