13
Oct
2011
Nigella sativa L.
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Nigella sativa L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - chimen negru, negrilica, Behaaeter Schwarzkummel, black cumin, Habbatul-Barakah, nigelle, faux cumin, cumin noir.

Distribution and Habitat - native to Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.

Description - annual species. Stems erect, simple or branched, 40 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves 2-3 cm long, alternate, sessile, linear or narrow lanceolate lacinii, entire, acute. Solitary terminal inflorescence. Flower pedicel, actinomorfe, hermaphrodite, pentamere. Calyx consists of 5 separate, oblong ovate, tip obtuse, white, blue-green to the top, with short and narrow unguicula. Nectarios unguiculate short, bilabiate, the labia minora biloba, labia majora mucronat. Blooms in May-August. Fruit elongated globular capsule, the follicles concrescreases to the top, back rounded, with long beak, almost as follicles. Trimuchiate seeds, black.

Propagation - by seeds.

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species.

Curiosity - Nigella sativa belongs to the family Ranunculaceae, grows near the Mediterranean countries, Pakistan and India.

Nigella sativa has been used for centuries that cure of many diseases, and spice.

It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.

People from Mediterranean N. sativa seed oil extract and use it as a natural remedy against many diseases.

The seeds are rich in amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and essential oils.

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