28
May
2009
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.

Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.

Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.

Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.

Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and Garden - Gymnocladus dioica, Lagerstroemia indica, Liquidambar styraciflua, Persea borbonia, Quercus alba, Sassafras albidum, Viburnum nudum, Zelkova serrata.

Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.

Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006

James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002

Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004

Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998

Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002

Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001

See also
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Fothergilla

Fothergilla gardenii - small shrub, up to 1 m high. Leaves 4.8 x 1.5-5 cm, edge to the top gear. Flowers white with pink ears appear before the leaf in the terminal, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-May, prefers moist soil, well-drained, in full sun.

 
Quercus serrata

Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.

 
Prunus serotina

Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.

 
Pittosporum tobira

Shrub 4 m high, dense crown. Bark brown, rough. Leaves persistent, coriacee, simple, language spatulate, entire edge, top round, the obovata, central rib obvious, and glossy dark green upper side, more open bottom, glabra, arranged in vertical false. Blossom umbela

 
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria

Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.

Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.

 
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Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass

French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773;  speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.

Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.

 
Morus nigra - mulberry tree

The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce. 

 
Campanula glomerata

Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Chrysosplenium alternifolium

Chrysosplenium alternifolium is a rare species that grows in damp and shady places.

 
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