Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.
Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.
Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.
Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006
James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002
Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004
Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998
Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001
Trees and shrubs
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.
Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.