28
May
2009
Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.

Synonyms --

Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,

Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.

Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.

Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.

Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.

Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.

Diseases and pests --

Natural partners and Garden - Gymnocladus dioica, Lagerstroemia indica, Liquidambar styraciflua, Persea borbonia, Quercus alba, Sassafras albidum, Viburnum nudum, Zelkova serrata.

Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.

Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

References

Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006

James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002

Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004

Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998

Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002

Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001

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