Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.
Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.
Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.
Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006
James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002
Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004
Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998
Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001
Trees and shrubs
Acer tataricum - tatarian maple
Acer tataricum - interest forest and ornamental tree grown in parks and gardens.It is used in dyeing natural fibers.
Abutilon darwinii - ornamental shrub originating in S Brazil. In hot climates are grown as ornamental plants in parks and gardens in cold climates are grown in pots for indoor or greenhouse.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.