Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.
Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.
Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.
Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006
James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002
Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004
Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998
Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001
Trees and shrubs
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Salpichroa organifolia - perennial, rhizomatic and subfrutescenta. Hailing from South America, naturalized and naturalized French Atlantic coast, around the Mediterranean, Corsica and Spain wet substrates increases from 0 to 600 m altitude.