Scientific name - Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
Popular names - Black gum, Tupelo,
Distribution and Habitat - originally from Eastern and Central North America, grows on wet soil, light, alluvial, but also on small slopes and dry clay.
Description - dioecious tree, 25 meters high. Dark brown bark with deep cracks. Glabra or slightly hairy stalk, thin, red-brown, smooth; mugurele terminal 3-5 mm, nested, 6-8 scales visible, few pubescent and Chile, bicolori with red edges and the rest suprafatei green. Crown pyramid. Leaves alternate, simple, 6-18 x 3-7 cm, pubescent or slightly ribbed tomentos, 1 cm long, limb obovata-lanceolata or elliptic, entire, toothed edges, top mucronata, the round, hairy surface of the ribs is low, with exceptthe main ribs is very pubescent. Flowers in bunches of 2-14, greenish white, female flowers are Sesi. Blooms in April-June. Fruit drupe, oval, dark blue to black, 1 cm long, 2-3 on a peduncle, peduncle 2-3 cm long.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - drought and shade. It adapts to different soil types.
Requirements - grows well in moist but well drained soil, pH 5.5-6.5, in full sun or semi-shade.
Management - transplanteaza be difficult. The young plant is protected from the cold winds of winter. Skims are autumn.
Propagation - by seeds, the seeds must be stratified in moist sand for 60-90 days, it looks like spring.
Diseases and pests --
Cultivars and varieties - N. sylvatica var. biflora (Swamp Tupelo). N. sylvatica 'Miss Scarlet' red autumn leaves and large blue fruits. N. sylvatica 'Autumn Cascade'.
Properties and Utition - is used as ornamental trees for color leaves, autumn.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Jacqueline Herit - Complete Trees, Shrubs and Hedges - Creative Homeowner, 2006
James S. Fralish, Scott B. Franklin - Taxonomy and Ecology of Woody Plants in North American Forests - WileyBlackwell, 2002
Melanie Choukas-Bradley, Tina Thieme Brown - Ann Illustrated Guide to Eastern Woodland Wildflowers and Trees - University of Virginia Press, 2004
Ray R. Hicks - Ecology and Management of Central Hardwood Forests - WileyBlackwell, 1998
Richard M. DeGraaf - Trees, Shrubs and Vines for Attracting Birds - University Press of New England, 2002
Susan A. Roth - Taylor's Guide to Trees - Mofflin Houghton, 2001
Trees and shrubs
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.
Glycine max - soybean
Cyclamen persicum is a tuberous perennial species, originated in Persia. Cordiforme leaves, 2-14 cm long, dark green, mottled with silver, long petiole. Flowers axillary, solitary, 5 petals ciclamen reflected color, red, white, purple, floral stem of 5-15 cm tall, blooming from late winter to early spring. Fruit capsule.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.