Scientific name - Oenothera biennis L.
Oenothera biennis was one of the first species introduced from USA to England and Europe in 1614.
Popular names - enotera, erba degli asses, evening Primrose, sundrops, onagre bisannuelle.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous arid places, along railways, on sandy soils, up to 1200 m altitude. Originally from North America and western Europe is naturalized.
Description - herbaceous biennial, in the first year form a rosette of leaves, in the second year forming a strain of 100-150 cm height, covered with glandular hairs, long and glossy. Basal leaves, gathered in rosettes, long petiole, lamina oblong-oval, leather, laced or wavy edge, leaf stems are alternate, short stalks or Sesi, lamina oblong-lanceolata e, the cuneata. Raceme blossom, flowers to subsoara bracteelor (similar but smaller leaves), calyx tubular, oval-lanceolata and 4 sepa recurbate outwards; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow, 4 cm in diameter, pollination is done by night butterflies and bees. Blooms in June-October. Fruit capsule green, brown-brown at maturity; seminete children without dolls.
Tolerances - tolerate drought rocks and soils.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, poor soil, well drained.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds is sown in the greenhouse at temperatures of (18) - (20) ° C. Germination takes place after 4 weeks.
Properties and Uses - entire plant is edible.
Inflorescences have anti-inflammatory properties, antispasmodic, sedative. Be collected in June-July, the beginning of flowering before fruit formation. Thin layers dry in the shade, are preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Sontin 24% oil seeds.
The oil of Oenothera biennis L. is usedit to treat rheumatism, multiple sclerosis, alcolismului, schizophrenia, and premenstrual syndrome.
Recent studies have shown that oil of Oenothera biennis L. is valid in reducing blood pressure to normal, and lower blood cholesterol.
As anti-inflammatory emollient and a decoction is made of 6 g of dried flower in 100 ml of water. It compresses the stakeholders.
You shall not use preparations of Oenothera biennis L. during pregnancy and lactation, epilepsy.
In England and Germany, roots and stems are used in dishes from salads couples.
Rdacinile of Oenothera biennis L. is was used bys American Indian in treating obesity.
Barbara Ellis - Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
Edzard Ernst, Max H. Pittler, Barbara Wider - The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Mosby, 2006
France Royer, Richard Dickinson - Weeds of the Northern U.S. and Canada - The University of Alberta Press, 1999
Heather Boon, Michael Smith - The Complete Natural Medicine Guide to the 50 Most Common Medicinal Herbs - Robert Rose, 2004
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook - Roda Books, 2000
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Hepatica nobilis Schreb
Herbaceous perennial, fibrous root. Leaves evergreen, coriacee, the young are green open and passwords, dark olive green on the upper face, and purple on the lower face at maturity and during flowering, cordiform 3-lobate, lobe ovat, margin entire, top obtuse.
Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball
Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.