Scientific name - Oenothera biennis L.
Oenothera biennis was one of the first species introduced from USA to England and Europe in 1614.
Popular names - enotera, erba degli asses, evening Primrose, sundrops, onagre bisannuelle.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous arid places, along railways, on sandy soils, up to 1200 m altitude. Originally from North America and western Europe is naturalized.
Description - herbaceous biennial, in the first year form a rosette of leaves, in the second year forming a strain of 100-150 cm height, covered with glandular hairs, long and glossy. Basal leaves, gathered in rosettes, long petiole, lamina oblong-oval, leather, laced or wavy edge, leaf stems are alternate, short stalks or Sesi, lamina oblong-lanceolata e, the cuneata. Raceme blossom, flowers to subsoara bracteelor (similar but smaller leaves), calyx tubular, oval-lanceolata and 4 sepa recurbate outwards; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow, 4 cm in diameter, pollination is done by night butterflies and bees. Blooms in June-October. Fruit capsule green, brown-brown at maturity; seminete children without dolls.
Tolerances - tolerate drought rocks and soils.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, poor soil, well drained.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds is sown in the greenhouse at temperatures of (18) - (20) ° C. Germination takes place after 4 weeks.
Properties and Uses - entire plant is edible.
Inflorescences have anti-inflammatory properties, antispasmodic, sedative. Be collected in June-July, the beginning of flowering before fruit formation. Thin layers dry in the shade, are preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Sontin 24% oil seeds.
The oil of Oenothera biennis L. is usedit to treat rheumatism, multiple sclerosis, alcolismului, schizophrenia, and premenstrual syndrome.
Recent studies have shown that oil of Oenothera biennis L. is valid in reducing blood pressure to normal, and lower blood cholesterol.
As anti-inflammatory emollient and a decoction is made of 6 g of dried flower in 100 ml of water. It compresses the stakeholders.
You shall not use preparations of Oenothera biennis L. during pregnancy and lactation, epilepsy.
In England and Germany, roots and stems are used in dishes from salads couples.
Rdacinile of Oenothera biennis L. is was used bys American Indian in treating obesity.
Barbara Ellis - Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
Edzard Ernst, Max H. Pittler, Barbara Wider - The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Mosby, 2006
France Royer, Richard Dickinson - Weeds of the Northern U.S. and Canada - The University of Alberta Press, 1999
Heather Boon, Michael Smith - The Complete Natural Medicine Guide to the 50 Most Common Medicinal Herbs - Robert Rose, 2004
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook - Roda Books, 2000
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.