Scientific name - Oenothera biennis L.
Oenothera biennis was one of the first species introduced from USA to England and Europe in 1614.
Popular names - enotera, erba degli asses, evening Primrose, sundrops, onagre bisannuelle.
Distribution and Habitat - spontaneous arid places, along railways, on sandy soils, up to 1200 m altitude. Originally from North America and western Europe is naturalized.
Description - herbaceous biennial, in the first year form a rosette of leaves, in the second year forming a strain of 100-150 cm height, covered with glandular hairs, long and glossy. Basal leaves, gathered in rosettes, long petiole, lamina oblong-oval, leather, laced or wavy edge, leaf stems are alternate, short stalks or Sesi, lamina oblong-lanceolata e, the cuneata. Raceme blossom, flowers to subsoara bracteelor (similar but smaller leaves), calyx tubular, oval-lanceolata and 4 sepa recurbate outwards; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow, 4 cm in diameter, pollination is done by night butterflies and bees. Blooms in June-October. Fruit capsule green, brown-brown at maturity; seminete children without dolls.
Tolerances - tolerate drought rocks and soils.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, poor soil, well drained.
Propagation - by seeds. Seeds is sown in the greenhouse at temperatures of (18) - (20) ° C. Germination takes place after 4 weeks.
Properties and Uses - entire plant is edible.
Inflorescences have anti-inflammatory properties, antispasmodic, sedative. Be collected in June-July, the beginning of flowering before fruit formation. Thin layers dry in the shade, are preserved in paper bags or cotton.
Sontin 24% oil seeds.
The oil of Oenothera biennis L. is usedit to treat rheumatism, multiple sclerosis, alcolismului, schizophrenia, and premenstrual syndrome.
Recent studies have shown that oil of Oenothera biennis L. is valid in reducing blood pressure to normal, and lower blood cholesterol.
As anti-inflammatory emollient and a decoction is made of 6 g of dried flower in 100 ml of water. It compresses the stakeholders.
You shall not use preparations of Oenothera biennis L. during pregnancy and lactation, epilepsy.
In England and Germany, roots and stems are used in dishes from salads couples.
Rdacinile of Oenothera biennis L. is was used bys American Indian in treating obesity.
Barbara Ellis - Annuals - Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2000
Edzard Ernst, Max H. Pittler, Barbara Wider - The Desktop Guide to Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Mosby, 2006
France Royer, Richard Dickinson - Weeds of the Northern U.S. and Canada - The University of Alberta Press, 1999
Heather Boon, Michael Smith - The Complete Natural Medicine Guide to the 50 Most Common Medicinal Herbs - Robert Rose, 2004
James A. Duke - The Green Pharmacy Herbal Handbook - Roda Books, 2000
Peter Loewer - The Evening Garden - Timber Press, 2002
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Sedum acre - perennial species, succulent, native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, from 600 to 2200 m altitude, common dry soil, sand, walls, rocks and limestone soils.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Coronilla vary - herbaceous perennial, native to SE Europe, grows on limestone rocks and ravines, arid plains, along the streets, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.