Scientific Name - Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
Synonyms - Wild Ostrya vulgaris.
Popular names - American hornbeam, hophornbeam, carpino nero.
Distribution and Habitat - grows up to 1000 m altitude, on limestone and clay soils, in association with Fraxinus ornus.
Description - small tree, 15-20 m tall. Bark gray, smooth with lenticels. Conical crown, trunk straight. Leaves alternate, obovat-lanceolate, 2-3 x 4-6 cm, top acuminata, serrated edge, the base asymmetrical, 10-15 pairs of ribs. Amenti males cylindrical, pendula, 0.5-5 cm queen Amenti bracts. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes covered with a membranous involucre. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerance - do not tolerate excess water. Tolerate temperatures to -20 ° C.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils in full sun or semi-shadea.
Propagation - by seeds, if sown in autumn germinate the following spring.
Diseases and pests - Apoderus coryli.
Properties and Uses - is used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Curiosity - Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruits.
The wood is hard and compact, red-brown.
Trees and shrubs
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Bush, 60-150 cm tall. Branches green, thin, pubescent, with 4.12 edges. Leaves pubescent, with some softwood apuncte, leaves from the branches are placed 3.6 in each verticil, language ovat-elliptic, 8.5-16 x 6-9 mm, top acute, sparsely toothed, leaves are opposite dinsre top Lujerul, linear, whole.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.