Scientific Name - Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
Synonyms - Wild Ostrya vulgaris.
Popular names - American hornbeam, hophornbeam, carpino nero.
Distribution and Habitat - grows up to 1000 m altitude, on limestone and clay soils, in association with Fraxinus ornus.
Description - small tree, 15-20 m tall. Bark gray, smooth with lenticels. Conical crown, trunk straight. Leaves alternate, obovat-lanceolate, 2-3 x 4-6 cm, top acuminata, serrated edge, the base asymmetrical, 10-15 pairs of ribs. Amenti males cylindrical, pendula, 0.5-5 cm queen Amenti bracts. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes covered with a membranous involucre. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerance - do not tolerate excess water. Tolerate temperatures to -20 ° C.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils in full sun or semi-shadea.
Propagation - by seeds, if sown in autumn germinate the following spring.
Diseases and pests - Apoderus coryli.
Properties and Uses - is used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Curiosity - Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruits.
The wood is hard and compact, red-brown.
Trees and shrubs
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.