Scientific Name - Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
Synonyms - Wild Ostrya vulgaris.
Popular names - American hornbeam, hophornbeam, carpino nero.
Distribution and Habitat - grows up to 1000 m altitude, on limestone and clay soils, in association with Fraxinus ornus.
Description - small tree, 15-20 m tall. Bark gray, smooth with lenticels. Conical crown, trunk straight. Leaves alternate, obovat-lanceolate, 2-3 x 4-6 cm, top acuminata, serrated edge, the base asymmetrical, 10-15 pairs of ribs. Amenti males cylindrical, pendula, 0.5-5 cm queen Amenti bracts. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes covered with a membranous involucre. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerance - do not tolerate excess water. Tolerate temperatures to -20 ° C.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils in full sun or semi-shadea.
Propagation - by seeds, if sown in autumn germinate the following spring.
Diseases and pests - Apoderus coryli.
Properties and Uses - is used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Curiosity - Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruits.
The wood is hard and compact, red-brown.
Trees and shrubs
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Reseda phyteuma - annual or perennial grass, native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, North Africa, it grows on basic soils, grassy edges of roads, from 0 to 1900 m altitude.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length