17
Oct
2010
Ostrya carpinifolia
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.

Synonyms - Wild Ostrya vulgaris.

Popular names - American hornbeam, hophornbeam, carpino nero.

Distribution and Habitat - grows up to 1000 m altitude, on limestone and clay soils, in association with Fraxinus ornus.

Description - small tree, 15-20 m tall. Bark gray, smooth with lenticels. Conical crown, trunk straight. Leaves alternate, obovat-lanceolate, 2-3 x 4-6 cm, top acuminata, serrated edge, the base asymmetrical, 10-15 pairs of ribs. Amenti males cylindrical, pendula, 0.5-5 cm queen Amenti bracts. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes covered with a membranous involucre. 2n = 16

Growth rate -

Tolerance - do not tolerate excess water. Tolerate temperatures to -20 ° C.

Requirements - prefers fertile soils in full sun or semi-shadea.

Propagation - by seeds, if sown in autumn germinate the following spring.

Diseases and pests - Apoderus coryli.

Properties and Uses - is used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.

Curiosity - Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruits.

The wood is hard and compact, red-brown.

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