Scientific Name - Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
Synonyms - Wild Ostrya vulgaris.
Popular names - American hornbeam, hophornbeam, carpino nero.
Distribution and Habitat - grows up to 1000 m altitude, on limestone and clay soils, in association with Fraxinus ornus.
Description - small tree, 15-20 m tall. Bark gray, smooth with lenticels. Conical crown, trunk straight. Leaves alternate, obovat-lanceolate, 2-3 x 4-6 cm, top acuminata, serrated edge, the base asymmetrical, 10-15 pairs of ribs. Amenti males cylindrical, pendula, 0.5-5 cm queen Amenti bracts. Blooms in April-May. Fruit achenes covered with a membranous involucre. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerance - do not tolerate excess water. Tolerate temperatures to -20 ° C.
Requirements - prefers fertile soils in full sun or semi-shadea.
Propagation - by seeds, if sown in autumn germinate the following spring.
Diseases and pests - Apoderus coryli.
Properties and Uses - is used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Curiosity - Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruits.
The wood is hard and compact, red-brown.
Trees and shrubs
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Thevetia peruviana - leandru yellow
Evergreen shrub, 6 m high. Stem erect, cylindrical, branched, smooth, green, presents latex. Leaves simple subsesile, alternate, arranged spiral limb linear, entire edge, top acute, glabra, 8-16 cm long.
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi
Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.