Scientific Name – Pachira aquatica Aubl.
Synonim – Pachira grandiflora Tuss., Pachira macrocarpa Walp., Bombex aquaticum Schum.
Common name(s) – provision tree, Guiana Chestnut, Saba Nut, Shaving Brush Tree (US), mulungu (Brazilia), paineira de Cuba (Brazilia si Rio di Janeiro), Castanha das Guianas (Brazilia), castano (Venezuela), pachira (Republica Dominicana), piton (Mexic), zapoton (Columbia), wild cocoa (Guyana).
Distribution and Habitat – growing naturally along rivers and other bodies of water, from sea level to 1300 m altitude, at temperatures of 24 ̊C.
Description – small tree to 10 m high; trunk 25-60 cm in diameter, short, tortuous, bark lightly fissured, thick, with strong characteristic smell. Leaves alternate, compound; stipules lanceolate; petiole up to 24 cm long; leaflets 4-6, elliptic-lanceolate 5-28 x 2.5-14.5 cm, apex acuminate to rounded, base cuneate, margins entire or undulating, strongly coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, solitary or 2-3, terminal; pedicels 1.5-3 cm long. Calyx entire, tubular, greenish-brown, 15-20 mm long; petals 5, spatulate to linear, yellowish or greenish, to 30 cm long, margins strongly incurved at anthesis; stamens 180-260; filaments 8-15 cm long, anthers 3-4 mm long, reddish; ovary conical, 5 mm long, 5-locular, ovules numerous. Flowering in March-April. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid capsule, 20-30 cm long, 10-12 cm diameter. Seeds 10-25 per capsule, 3 cm diameter. 2n = 72
Growth rate – fast. Can flower the first time at 3-4 years, and fruits when are about 4 years.
Tolerances – resistant to drought and flooding; it can tolerate brief exposure to -2 ̊C.
Requirements – grows well in full sun or partial shade.
Management – regular watering and fertilization.
Propagation – by seeds. Germination at 8-11 days, fast growth and attain 60 cm in 2 months. After 25 days germination is 52 percent.
Pest and Diseases – Dryoctenis scrupulosas, Steirastoma depressum.
Garden Partners – Symphonia globulifera, Virola surinamensis, Pterocarpus officinalis, Mora excelsa, Tabebuia aquatilis.
Properties and Uses – seeds are edible, raw or cooked.
Pachira aquatica is used in hedges, it is an excellent ornamental species.
J. Janick, R. E. Paull – The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts – CABI, 2008
Klaus Kubitzki, Clemens Bayer – Flowering Plants – Springer, 2002
Nico Vermeulen – Encyclopedia of House Plants – Routledge, 1999
Thomas Croat – Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978
Trees and shrubs
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Tree, 40 m high, truncated 1 m in diameter. Stalk, leaf stalks are brown and language violated. Petiole 1.5-3 cm long. Leaves elliptic, ovat-elliptic, 6-22 x 4.7 cm, protruding ribs on both surfaces, base cuneata, top acuminata.
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Buddleja davidii - butterfly bush
The genus name 'Buddleja' is given by Adam Budd. Name 'davidii' is given by the French naturalist and missionary Father Armand David, who discovered the species in 1869.
Infected or invasive species.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.