Scientific Name – Pachira aquatica Aubl.
Synonim – Pachira grandiflora Tuss., Pachira macrocarpa Walp., Bombex aquaticum Schum.
Common name(s) – provision tree, Guiana Chestnut, Saba Nut, Shaving Brush Tree (US), mulungu (Brazilia), paineira de Cuba (Brazilia si Rio di Janeiro), Castanha das Guianas (Brazilia), castano (Venezuela), pachira (Republica Dominicana), piton (Mexic), zapoton (Columbia), wild cocoa (Guyana).
Distribution and Habitat – growing naturally along rivers and other bodies of water, from sea level to 1300 m altitude, at temperatures of 24 ̊C.
Description – small tree to 10 m high; trunk 25-60 cm in diameter, short, tortuous, bark lightly fissured, thick, with strong characteristic smell. Leaves alternate, compound; stipules lanceolate; petiole up to 24 cm long; leaflets 4-6, elliptic-lanceolate 5-28 x 2.5-14.5 cm, apex acuminate to rounded, base cuneate, margins entire or undulating, strongly coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, solitary or 2-3, terminal; pedicels 1.5-3 cm long. Calyx entire, tubular, greenish-brown, 15-20 mm long; petals 5, spatulate to linear, yellowish or greenish, to 30 cm long, margins strongly incurved at anthesis; stamens 180-260; filaments 8-15 cm long, anthers 3-4 mm long, reddish; ovary conical, 5 mm long, 5-locular, ovules numerous. Flowering in March-April. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid capsule, 20-30 cm long, 10-12 cm diameter. Seeds 10-25 per capsule, 3 cm diameter. 2n = 72
Growth rate – fast. Can flower the first time at 3-4 years, and fruits when are about 4 years.
Tolerances – resistant to drought and flooding; it can tolerate brief exposure to -2 ̊C.
Requirements – grows well in full sun or partial shade.
Management – regular watering and fertilization.
Propagation – by seeds. Germination at 8-11 days, fast growth and attain 60 cm in 2 months. After 25 days germination is 52 percent.
Pest and Diseases – Dryoctenis scrupulosas, Steirastoma depressum.
Garden Partners – Symphonia globulifera, Virola surinamensis, Pterocarpus officinalis, Mora excelsa, Tabebuia aquatilis.
Properties and Uses – seeds are edible, raw or cooked.
Pachira aquatica is used in hedges, it is an excellent ornamental species.
J. Janick, R. E. Paull – The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts – CABI, 2008
Klaus Kubitzki, Clemens Bayer – Flowering Plants – Springer, 2002
Nico Vermeulen – Encyclopedia of House Plants – Routledge, 1999
Thomas Croat – Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978
Trees and shrubs
Melia azedarach L.
Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.
Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.
Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.
Shrub or small tree, evergreen, 1-4 m high. Prostrata strain or upward. Green stalk, glabra, thin, flexible, geniculati. Leaves 2-6 cm long, oblong-elliptic, top obtuse or acute, margin fine teeth 3 ribs prominent upper front glabra, 12-15 mm long stalks.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm