Scientific Name – Pachira aquatica Aubl.
Synonim – Pachira grandiflora Tuss., Pachira macrocarpa Walp., Bombex aquaticum Schum.
Common name(s) – provision tree, Guiana Chestnut, Saba Nut, Shaving Brush Tree (US), mulungu (Brazilia), paineira de Cuba (Brazilia si Rio di Janeiro), Castanha das Guianas (Brazilia), castano (Venezuela), pachira (Republica Dominicana), piton (Mexic), zapoton (Columbia), wild cocoa (Guyana).
Distribution and Habitat – growing naturally along rivers and other bodies of water, from sea level to 1300 m altitude, at temperatures of 24 ̊C.
Description – small tree to 10 m high; trunk 25-60 cm in diameter, short, tortuous, bark lightly fissured, thick, with strong characteristic smell. Leaves alternate, compound; stipules lanceolate; petiole up to 24 cm long; leaflets 4-6, elliptic-lanceolate 5-28 x 2.5-14.5 cm, apex acuminate to rounded, base cuneate, margins entire or undulating, strongly coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, solitary or 2-3, terminal; pedicels 1.5-3 cm long. Calyx entire, tubular, greenish-brown, 15-20 mm long; petals 5, spatulate to linear, yellowish or greenish, to 30 cm long, margins strongly incurved at anthesis; stamens 180-260; filaments 8-15 cm long, anthers 3-4 mm long, reddish; ovary conical, 5 mm long, 5-locular, ovules numerous. Flowering in March-April. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid capsule, 20-30 cm long, 10-12 cm diameter. Seeds 10-25 per capsule, 3 cm diameter. 2n = 72
Growth rate – fast. Can flower the first time at 3-4 years, and fruits when are about 4 years.
Tolerances – resistant to drought and flooding; it can tolerate brief exposure to -2 ̊C.
Requirements – grows well in full sun or partial shade.
Management – regular watering and fertilization.
Propagation – by seeds. Germination at 8-11 days, fast growth and attain 60 cm in 2 months. After 25 days germination is 52 percent.
Pest and Diseases – Dryoctenis scrupulosas, Steirastoma depressum.
Garden Partners – Symphonia globulifera, Virola surinamensis, Pterocarpus officinalis, Mora excelsa, Tabebuia aquatilis.
Properties and Uses – seeds are edible, raw or cooked.
Pachira aquatica is used in hedges, it is an excellent ornamental species.
J. Janick, R. E. Paull – The Encyclopedia of Fruit and Nuts – CABI, 2008
Klaus Kubitzki, Clemens Bayer – Flowering Plants – Springer, 2002
Nico Vermeulen – Encyclopedia of House Plants – Routledge, 1999
Thomas Croat – Flora of Barro Colorado Island - Stanford University Press, 1978
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Campanula trachelium - bell tapului
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome robust, woody. Stem herbaceous, erect, pubescent, 50-100 cm tall. Leaves basal, 6-10 cm long, petiole, lamina ovat-triangulation, cordiforme, hispida, edge gear, top acuminata, upper leaves are smaller, lanceolata, ruvide, easy side laced, short stalks or Sesi.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.