Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb
Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench
Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year
Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.
Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.
Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.
For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.
Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.
Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.
It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.
Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.
A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008
Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009
Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007
Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985
Madhuca longifolia Macb.
Deciduu tree, 20 meters high, round crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic, 7.5-13 cm, margin entire, top acute, 10/12 pairs of ribs, stalks 1-2 cm long. Flowers axillary, creamy, fragrant, calyx covered with dense hairs; Corola pale yellow, 1 cm long, 6-12 petals
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Galanthus nivalis L.
Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
Pontederia cordata L.
Species aquatic perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
New species from Brazil Swartz - Swartz trimorphica Mansano & AL Souza
Shaft, 6 m high, branches hairy. Stipele 1.5-2 x 1-1.2 mm, triangulation, passwords, decidue. Imparipenat-compound leaves, folio 9, petiole about 2.4 cm long, hairy-tomentoase, talkative leaf 7.5-8.3 x 2.9-3.6 cm, elliptic, oval-oblong, glabru few hairy face and inside the main rib, the acute - cuneata, apex caudate
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.