21
Apr
2009
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Green Pharmacy | Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb

Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench

Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.

Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.

Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.

Growth rate - fast.

Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.

Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year

Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.

Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.

Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.

Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.

For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.

Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.

Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.

It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.

You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.

Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.

Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.

References

A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999

C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008

Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008

Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009

Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007

Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches

Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Melia azedarach L.

Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

 
Luffa cylindrica

Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.

 
Aloe vera Mill.

Aloe Vera - perennial herb with stem wood, 2-3 m, simple neramificata, covered by remnants of dried leaves. Rosette leaves collected in the top of the trunk, Sesia, triangulation into sections and are consistent meat lower surface is convex, the top is concave according to the turgid leaf

 
Flowers
Gentiana verna L.

Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.

 
Soldanella alpina

Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.

 
Linum viscosum

Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.

 
Cosmos sulphureus

Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.

 
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding

Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long

 
Magnoliopsida
Physalis alkekengi

Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.

 
Verbascum blattaria

Verbascum blattaria - Herbaceous biennial, glabra bottom of the stem and glandular hairs towards the top, grows spontaneously in the desert and the hot side of cultivated fields, rivers and channels, up to 800 m altitude.

 
Horminum pyrenaicum

Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.

 
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Cirsium heterophyllum

Cirsium heterophyllum - originating in Europe - Siberia, growing on peat bogs, on wet meadows, along rivers, on the edge of forests at 800-2100 m altitude.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links