Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb
Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench
Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year
Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.
Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.
Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.
For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.
Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.
Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.
It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.
Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.
A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008
Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009
Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007
Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora
Crocosmia, comes from the Greek 'Krok' = Crocus, and 'osme' = odor, "smell of Crocus'. Crocosmia was described in 1851 by Jules Emile Planchon.
Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora was created in France in 1880.
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs