Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb
Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench
Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year
Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.
Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.
Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.
For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.
Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.
Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.
It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.
Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.
A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008
Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009
Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007
Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Aloe vera Mill.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Nemophila maculata - a species endemic in California, Nevada and Sierra Sacramento Valley provinces, increases from 0 to 3100 m altitude cultivated for ornamental purposes in all regions of the world.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Rosa gallia L.
Bush, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, glabra upper surface and glossy, the lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Aptenia cordifolia Schwantes
Aptenia cordifolia - Prostate species, evergreen, native to southern Africa. Leaves opposite, petiolate, ovat-cord, edge entire, 1-3 cm long. Flowers solitary, terminal or axillary, short pedunculate, 1 cm diameter, 4 sepa unequal petals united at the base, pink to purple, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-August. Fruit capsule, obconica, 4 valves, 1 cm long.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.