Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb
Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench
Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year
Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.
Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.
Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.
For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.
Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.
Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.
It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.
Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.
A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008
Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009
Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007
Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Campanula spicata - Alpine endemic species which grows on calcareous rocks, cultivated as ornamental species for rock garden.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Coreopsis tinctoria - North American native grass, cultivated as ornamental species for mixed borders, in pots and cut flowers.
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.
Soldanella alpina - grows in coniferous forests and grasslands, from 1000 up to 2500 m altitude, moist substrates, rocks, rich in humus.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.