Scientific name - Petasites hybridus G. Gaertn., B. Mey. Scherb
Synonyms - Petasites officinalis Moench
Popular names - fresh burdock, buedea plague, butterbur, Gemeine Pestwurz, farfaraccio, pétasite vulgaire, Podbela, skid large umbrella.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in wet places, alluvial, along water courses and waterfalls and alpine mountain area, the Alps and Apennines, Europe, northern Asia and North America.
Description - herbaceous perennial plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple. Red or purple flowers in bloom enta Raceme-type compound with capitula. Blooms in February-April, before leaf emergence. Fruit achenes with dolls yellow, 3 mm.
Growth rate - fast.
Requirements - prefer fertile soils rich in humus, moist but not stagnant water in shaded or partially shaded exhibitions.
Propagation - the seeds soon after ripening in cold greenhouse. Rhizome division at any time of year
Natural partners and Garden - Eupatorium cannabinum, Juncus articulatus, Mentha aquatica, Nasturtium officinale,m/en/taxon152072/Populus "target =" _blank "> Populus sp., Salix sp., Veronica anagallis-aquatica.
Properties and Uses - rhizomes, it has diuretic, tonic, stomatitis, sudorific in arthritis.
Rhizomes are harvested in March or September to November, best time was at before flourishing. The powder obtained from drying and grinding rhizome, 1-2 g per 100 ml water, 2-3 times a day, decoction of 2-3 g in 100 ml water - 3-5 cups per day.
Leaves and inflorescences harvested in June-July, have astringent properties, sudorific, and expectorant. Infusion of 2.5 g in 100 ml water, 1-4 cups per day.
For external use, fresh leaves, applied poultices to treat abscesses, superficial ulcers, and pain articulatere.
Recently, pharmacological studies were found and in addition with analgesic properties and properties citoprotective.
Remains problem concerning the content of alkaloids pirolizidinici, which lead to banning the use of this plant without medical advice.
It is contraindicated in persons allergic to periaoada pregnancy or breastfeeding.
You shall not use female specimens, because it can become invasive.
Not indicated cultivation in small gardens.
Myth, Legend and Folklore - is used in traditional medicine to treat cough and urinary tract irritation. Roots were used to treat headaches and neck.
A. Bruni - General Pharmacognosy Applicator - Piccini, 1999
C. Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Timber Press Pocket Guide to Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2008
Capasso F, Grandolini G, Pescitelli R. - Fitotterapia in uno sguardo - Springer, 2008
Ingrid Kohlstadt - Food and nutrients in Disease Management - CRC Press, 2009
Nathan D. Zasler, Douglas I Katz, Ross D. Zafinte - Brain Injury Medicine Principles and Practice - Demos, 2007
Uberto Tosco - Piante e aromatiche medicine - Paolini, 1985
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.
Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.
Viola odorata - bluebells
Viola odorata - herbaceous plant, perennial, native to Europe and Asia Minor, grows through groves, bushes, meadows, deciduous forest edge, in plain and hilly region.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length