05
Sep
2010
Petunia hybrida
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Petunia hybrida

Synonyms -

Popular names - garden petunia.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from South America, both in temperate zones and in the subtropics.

Description - herbaceous, annual. Stem herbaceous, decumbenta or ascending, with pear grlandulari. Sesi leaf or petiole short, basal leaves are alternate, are opposed to the top; ovat language, obovat or elliptic, tip acute, margin entire. Flowers solitary, in subsoara leaves, calyx lobes obtuse 5 Campanula or linear, 1.5 - 3.5 cm long tube Corola obconic, 3-4 cm, 4-12 cm lobes, lobes obtuse or acute, margins entire, colored, plain or double, fragrant, five stamens, anthers yellow, white or blue, ovary conical, ca. 3 mm, blooms in May-September (October). Capsule 1-1.5 cm, smooth. Seeds ± round, oval, 0.7 x 0.6 - 0.7 mm, shiny, brownclosed.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - 10 to 15 C temperatures. Not tolerate strong winds which may break lujerii thin.

Requirements - prefer shows sunny and well-drained land (land to chime mixed with crushed bark and sand to ensure good drainage of plants grown in pots).

Management - watering plants is 2-3 days during spring and increase with rising temperatures in summer.

Propagation - by seeds, sown in late winter in the greenhouse.

Pests and diseases - red mite.

Garden Partners -

Cultivars -

Properties and Uses - cultivated as ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces.

Curiosity - Petunia hybrida Petunia species derived from crosses integrifolia and Petunia axillaris, by Atkins in 1834.

Generic epithet 'Petunia' derives from the word home aborigiana 'petum' or 'betum' given tobacco.

Petunia, was first described by Jussieu (1803) based on material collected from Mt Montevideo, Uruguay, by Commerson (Petunia and Petunia parviflora nyctaginiflora).

Bibliography

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