Phosphorus is found in soil as organic and inorganic compounds. Soil organic phosphorus comes from the decomposition of organic residues from crop residues or organic fertilizers.
The mineralization of organic substances, are issued in the form of inorganic phosphorus.
Phosphorus absorption by the plant is root.
Calcium is taken from the environment. In plant cells and tissues to be present in ionic form and the form of inorganic and organic combinations.
Iron must be present in the soil in a form assimilable otherwise occurs deficiency manifested by green-sickness. Iron deficiency is associated with a yellowing of leaves.
It is found in soil. Magnesium absorption by plants is conditioned by three main factors: the amount of land accessible, magnesium interactions with other elements and requirements of the plant. Insufficient magnesium produces necrosis of leaves. Magnesium accumulate in seeds, formed with phosphoric acid, fitina.
Sodium plays a well defined role in vascular bands and fibers that support the plant tissue.
Halophile plants, adopted an environment with high concentrations of sodium, this element is necessary for growth, give a better color of the leaves, increases disease resistance.
Of all the elements, potassium is found in greatest quantity in plants, especially the young, in the form of inorganic salts.
Potassium deficiency is felt more strongly on soils with high salt content of calcium and magnesium and poor aeration. External symptom of potassium deficiency is the leaf color change, that the appearance of brown spots, especially near the extremities of the leaf.