28
Sep
2010
Physalis alkekengi
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
10
0

Scientific Name - Physalis alkekengi L.

Synonyms -

Popular names - winter cherry, Cape gooseberry, Chinese lanterns.

Distribution and Habitat - a native of Europe and Asia.

Description - herbaceous annual, 25-100 cm tall. Tulpini erect, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolate, ovate-rhombic, acuminata, heart, margin entire, 5-15 x 2-8 cm. Flowers solitary, calyx campanula, red, green and white corolla; pedicel pubescent. Blooms in May-August. Baca fruit, red-orange. Advantage in September and February. Kidney-shaped seeds, white Gabu.

Required - prefers well-drained soils in full sun or semi-shade.

Management - to fertilize 1-2 times a week. To obtain a better production of large fruit plants were held at temperatures up to 27c.

Propagation - the seeds germinate in 4-6 seven15-21 C anger. The plants were transplanted when 8 to 10 inches tall. Are planted at 30-45 cm distance between plants.

Diseases and pests - Pseudomonas solanacearum, Phyllosticta sp..

Properties and Uses - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.

Curiosity - unripe fruits are poisonous, causing nausea and diarrhea.

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