Scientific name - Physoplexis comosa (L.) Schur
Synonyms - Phyteuma comosum, Synotoma comosum
Popular names - raponzolo di rocca.
Distribution and Habitat - species originally from Western Alps (M. Cenisio, Val Sesia - Rima and Alagna), Eastern Alps (Lake Como), Giulia Alps (endemic) grow spontaneously in moist and shady crevices of limestone, dolomite and vertical walls, 300 -2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme. Flourishescenta umbela, 4-7 cm diameter, 8-20 flowers, surrounded by elliptical or bractei lanceolata. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm long, peduncle 2-5 mm, calyx conical, Corola tubular, violet petals open with dark purple on top longer than the tube, joined at the top, forming 5 windows. Blooms in July-August. Spinulos pollen, 2n = 34. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Prior free. Style long, thin. Fruit capsule, obconica or almost spherical, often asymmetrical, lateral dehiscence by 2 pores.
Propagation - by seeds.
Natural partners - Aquilegia einseleana, Cerastium carinthiacum, Minuartia rupestris, Paederota bonarota, Silene alpestris.
! Rare and protected species!
Fenaroli Luigi - Flora delle Alpi e Degli Altri Mont d'Italia - Giunti, 1998
Graham Nicholls - Dwarf Campanulas and Associated General - Timber Press, 2006
JW Kadereit, C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Acer platanoides - norway maple
Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.
In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.