Scientific name - Physoplexis comosa (L.) Schur
Synonyms - Phyteuma comosum, Synotoma comosum
Popular names - raponzolo di rocca.
Distribution and Habitat - species originally from Western Alps (M. Cenisio, Val Sesia - Rima and Alagna), Eastern Alps (Lake Como), Giulia Alps (endemic) grow spontaneously in moist and shady crevices of limestone, dolomite and vertical walls, 300 -2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme. Flourishescenta umbela, 4-7 cm diameter, 8-20 flowers, surrounded by elliptical or bractei lanceolata. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm long, peduncle 2-5 mm, calyx conical, Corola tubular, violet petals open with dark purple on top longer than the tube, joined at the top, forming 5 windows. Blooms in July-August. Spinulos pollen, 2n = 34. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Prior free. Style long, thin. Fruit capsule, obconica or almost spherical, often asymmetrical, lateral dehiscence by 2 pores.
Propagation - by seeds.
Natural partners - Aquilegia einseleana, Cerastium carinthiacum, Minuartia rupestris, Paederota bonarota, Silene alpestris.
! Rare and protected species!
Fenaroli Luigi - Flora delle Alpi e Degli Altri Mont d'Italia - Giunti, 1998
Graham Nicholls - Dwarf Campanulas and Associated General - Timber Press, 2006
JW Kadereit, C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Cosmos sulphureus - used as an ornamental species for borders or groups, in association with Asclepias curassavica, Coreopsis tinctoria, Oenothera fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Solidago canadensis, Tagetes erecta.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Succulent perennial. Short stem with a rosette of leaves at the base. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long, obovata-spatulate, concave, tomentoase. Blossom side, 20-30 cm long, flowers campanulata, yellow-orange, 5 SEPA, 5 petals, 10 stamens.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Oenothera biennis - Luminita
Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.