Scientific name - Physoplexis comosa (L.) Schur
Synonyms - Phyteuma comosum, Synotoma comosum
Popular names - raponzolo di rocca.
Distribution and Habitat - species originally from Western Alps (M. Cenisio, Val Sesia - Rima and Alagna), Eastern Alps (Lake Como), Giulia Alps (endemic) grow spontaneously in moist and shady crevices of limestone, dolomite and vertical walls, 300 -2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme. Flourishescenta umbela, 4-7 cm diameter, 8-20 flowers, surrounded by elliptical or bractei lanceolata. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm long, peduncle 2-5 mm, calyx conical, Corola tubular, violet petals open with dark purple on top longer than the tube, joined at the top, forming 5 windows. Blooms in July-August. Spinulos pollen, 2n = 34. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Prior free. Style long, thin. Fruit capsule, obconica or almost spherical, often asymmetrical, lateral dehiscence by 2 pores.
Propagation - by seeds.
Natural partners - Aquilegia einseleana, Cerastium carinthiacum, Minuartia rupestris, Paederota bonarota, Silene alpestris.
! Rare and protected species!
Fenaroli Luigi - Flora delle Alpi e Degli Altri Mont d'Italia - Giunti, 1998
Graham Nicholls - Dwarf Campanulas and Associated General - Timber Press, 2006
JW Kadereit, C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
Corryocactus quadrangularis F. Ritter 1958
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.