Scientific name - Physoplexis comosa (L.) Schur
Synonyms - Phyteuma comosum, Synotoma comosum
Popular names - raponzolo di rocca.
Distribution and Habitat - species originally from Western Alps (M. Cenisio, Val Sesia - Rima and Alagna), Eastern Alps (Lake Como), Giulia Alps (endemic) grow spontaneously in moist and shady crevices of limestone, dolomite and vertical walls, 300 -2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme. Flourishescenta umbela, 4-7 cm diameter, 8-20 flowers, surrounded by elliptical or bractei lanceolata. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm long, peduncle 2-5 mm, calyx conical, Corola tubular, violet petals open with dark purple on top longer than the tube, joined at the top, forming 5 windows. Blooms in July-August. Spinulos pollen, 2n = 34. Ovary inferior, 2-locular. Prior free. Style long, thin. Fruit capsule, obconica or almost spherical, often asymmetrical, lateral dehiscence by 2 pores.
Propagation - by seeds.
Natural partners - Aquilegia einseleana, Cerastium carinthiacum, Minuartia rupestris, Paederota bonarota, Silene alpestris.
! Rare and protected species!
Fenaroli Luigi - Flora delle Alpi e Degli Altri Mont d'Italia - Giunti, 1998
Graham Nicholls - Dwarf Campanulas and Associated General - Timber Press, 2006
JW Kadereit, C. Jeffrey - The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants - Springer, 2006
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Commelina communis - grows naturally in East Asia, prefer shade and moist forests in 0-6000 altit.
Commelina genus species is often confused with species of the genus Tradescantia, both belonging to the same family, Commelinaceae. Commelina flowers genre has two large petals and a small petal, flowers from three species of Tradescantia petals are equal in size.
Ornithogalum umbelatum L. - balusca
Bulbous perennial species. Basal leaves semi-erect, linear, ribbed white-silver center, 25-30 cm long. Raceme with 6-20 corymb blossom type flowers, 2 cm diameter; tepale white with green on the outside, 6 stamens, 1 pistil.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.