Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.
Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.
Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22
Growth rate --
Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.
Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.
Partners garden --
Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.
The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.
The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.
The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.
The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Plants, women and menstrual pain
Aloe vera Mill.
Trees and shrubs
Ailanthus altissima - cenuser, false castor
Ailanthus altissima - tree quickly ascending, with large pinnate leaves and terminal flower bouquets green-white.
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Prunus cerasifera - is grown for its edible fruit jams are made and cultivars and varieties are found all over the world species grown as ornamentals in parks and gardens, or green street.
Santolina chamaecyparissus - limbricarita
Perennial species, stem 10-60 cm tall, erect or pendence; nefloriferi stalk is green-gray-tomentos; lujerii floriferi are simple, without leaves before blossom. Pectinata-toothed leaves often to penatsectate. Involucre 6-10 mm wide, hemispherical, subtruncat or not, or slightly rounded at the base; bractei lanceolata-ovata, Carina, the interior with round top. Flowers arranged in the capital, bright yellow.
Stylosa Phuopsis annual herbaceous plant, native to eastern Turkey and northern Iran, used as an ornamental species.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Malacothamnus fasciculatus Greene
Evergreen shrub, vigorous, well branched, 1-4.5 m high. The stem and leaves are pubescent, stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; language ovat-round, palmate lobate, 0-7 lobes rounded, toothed margins, 2.11 cm. Blossom spike, flowers Sesi.