Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.
Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.
Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22
Growth rate --
Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.
Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.
Partners garden --
Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.
The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.
The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.
The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.
The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Glycine max - soybean
Stem very thin, erect, branched, finely pubescent, 15-45 cm high. Leaves ovat until obovata-oblong, ribbed, few soirees, top obtuse, base narrow, glabra, slightly pubescent, thin, upper leaves are smaller. Flowers in bunches, axillary, pedicel pubescent, less than or equal to calyx, calyx pubescent, lobes 3 short and 2 longer lobes. Corola white or blue-violet. Blooms in July-September.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Trees and shrubs
Deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Liquidambar styraciflua - a native of North and Central America, grows in forests of Pinus sp. and Quercus sp. 900 to 200 m altitude.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Ageratum houstonianum - rods
Ageratum houstonianum is an ornamental species cultivated for borders, cut flowers or pots. In Europe it is cultivated as ornamental plants in the 1800.
Silene bitlisensis O. Tugay & Ertugrul
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval