Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.
Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.
Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22
Growth rate --
Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.
Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.
Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.
Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.
Partners garden --
Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.
The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.
The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.
The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.
The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.
Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994
Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005
Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Allium cepa L. - onion
Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Genus Felicia was named the Cassini AHG in 1818 by Felix, a German official at Regensburg who died in 1846.
Felicia amelloides first cinerary amelloides was named by Linnaeus in 1763 and in 1894 named Felicia amelloides.
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.