01
Apr
2009
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore

Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.

Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.

Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22

Growth rate --

Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.

Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.

Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.

Partners garden --

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.

The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.

The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.

The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.

The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.

Curiosity --
References

Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Allium cepa L. - onion

Herbaceous biennial, bulb white, gold, red or purple, 5-8 x 3.10 cm. Leaves persistent, 4-10, fistula, 30-100 x 3-20 mm. Umbela blossom persistent, erect, compact, rear obsolete, ovata, ± equal, leading to acute acuminata.

 
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches

Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.

 
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez

Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.

 
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Luffa cylindrica

Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.

 
Trees and shrubs
Abies concolor Lindl.

Silver tree - evergreen tree, used for ornamental purposes, because the pyramid shape of the crown, the colorii leaves and frost resistance. The name 'concolor' refers to the fact that leaves have the same color on both sides.

 
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba

Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .

 
Cotoneaster horizontális

Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.

 
Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link

Chimonanthus praecox - native species of China. Linnaeus described this species as the variety, as the Calycanthus praecox. In 1819 Lindley introduced a new kind Chimonanthus.

Deciduu shrub, 2-5 m high. Leaves opposite, entire, ovat-lanceolata, 7-20 cm long, thin, green, rough upper part, becoming yellow in autumn.

 
Cananga odorata

Evergreen tree, 10-40 m height, 3 m. Branches culture clocks or easy erection. Bark smooth, gray-white to silver. Leaves alternate, dark green, 7-20 cm long, slightly pubescent, oblong-elliptic, prominent central rib, full and wavy edges, top acute, base acute.

 
Magnoliopsida
Lantana camara

Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.

 
Caltha palustris

Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.

 
Camellia japonica

Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.

 
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Nicotiana alata

Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links