01
Apr
2009
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
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Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore

Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.

Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.

Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22

Growth rate --

Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.

Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.

Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.

Partners garden --

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.

The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.

The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.

The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.

The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.

Curiosity --
References

Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

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