01
Apr
2009
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
0
0

Scientific name - Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore

Synonyms - Amomus sour, caryophyllus racemosus, Pimenta sour, Myrtus Pimenta.

Popular names - West Indian bay leaf, bay rum tree, bay-berry, bois d'Inde.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Puerto Rico, grows up to 750 m altitude.

Description - shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee. Flowers white pentamere, small panicule of 1.2-7.5 in length. Blooms in April-August. Subgloboase fruit, 6-12 mm in diameter, contains 1.4 seeds. 2n = 22

Growth rate --

Tolerant - do not tolerate frost.

Requirements - 2500 mm annual rainfall rather, grows welltemperature at 15-35 ˚ C. Must apply fertilizers, 250 g of 10-10-10 NPK.

Management --

Propagation - by seeds. The seeds are taken from the fruit, wash and planted in 2 days. Germination occurs in 2-6 weeks. Plants are transplanteaza open field after 18-24 years old. After planting, is protected from direct sun until landing is stabilized. Distance between plants is determined by the topography of the land, the plain 2.5 mx 5.10 m.

Diseases and pests - Puccinia psidii covers leaves, stalk and inflorescences with yellow opened for a mass increase. Ceratocystis fimbriata affects old trees. Oeceticus Abbot.

Partners garden --

Cultivars --

Properties and Uses - Oil of Pimenta racemosa, is very liquid, yellow, has a fragrance similar to that of sweet pea.

The leaves and stalk of Pimenta racemosa bydistillation produces oil bath.

The essential oil extracted from leaves is used in baths against rheumatism, is used in the production of shampoos, hair lotions, to stimulate growth, is calming and relaxing action, strengthens the nervous system, stimulate circulation, appetite, helps the stomach, and has a antispetic in the cold.

The oil is used in perfumery for cosmetics, hair lotions, aftershave.

The fruits are eaten by birds, which are key agents in the dispersal of seeds.

Curiosity --
References

Henry A. Liogier - Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands - The Editorial Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1994

Johannes Seidemann - World Spice Plants - Springer, 2005

Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of AGRICUltural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

 
Plants, women and menstrual pain

Vitex Agnus-castus L. - mature and dried fruits are used. An infusion of the fruit can help when you feel nervous, in pre-menstrual phases in the menstrual period, menopause, increases the amount of breast milk, useful against acne.

 
Glycine max - soybean

Originally from north-eastern and central China, Kazakhstan, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Glycine max is cultivated soybean, and Glycine soja is the wild. Growing soie was now domesticated 3000-5000 years ago in China. In Europe was introduced into the U.S. in 1700 and 1800.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.

 
Trees and shrubs
Dracaena marginata Lemarck

Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.

Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.

 
Erica canaliculata

Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.

 
Clerodendrum bungei

Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.

 
Fothergilla

Fothergilla gardenii - small shrub, up to 1 m high. Leaves 4.8 x 1.5-5 cm, edge to the top gear. Flowers white with pink ears appear before the leaf in the terminal, stamens numerous. Blooms in April-May, prefers moist soil, well-drained, in full sun.

 
Hamamelis mollis

Species from China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan), at altitudes of 800-1400 m, where grows beside Quercus serrata , Corylopsis sinensis , Castanea seguinii , Rhododendron simsii , Hosta ventricosa and Linder sp. .

 
Magnoliopsida
Stachys officinalis

Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.

 
Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip tree

Monoecious tree, 21-24 m tall, bark gray, smooth in youth, later fisureaza lengthwise. The wood is light, easily worked, and adaptable. Stalk sheet are brown. Leaves alternate, tri-lobate, lobe treminal is emarginat-truncated.

 
Rhaponticum scariosum

Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.

 
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.

Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long

 
Polemonium caeruleum

Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.

 
Comments
Top
comments powered by Disqus
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links