Scientific Name - Polemonium caeruleum L.
Popular names - Greek valerian, Jacob's Ladder
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the mountains of Europe, wet meadows, from 1500-2300 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome white. Stem ribbed, hollow, 30-90 cm high, glabra hairy-glandular at the base and tapered. Basal compound leaves, 10-40 cm, 17-23 segments lanceolate, alternate leaves caulinare. Cimoase inflorescences, corymb, stems pubescent, 2-3 mm, calyx actinomorf, lacini acute, 2-4 mm Corola actinomorfa, white tube, lacinii subrotunde, patents, 11 x 10 mm, purplish at the base with three ribs in darker color, filaments equal in length, pubescent. Blooms in July-August. Fruit pear-shaped capsule, 4-6 mm. Seeds elliptical, 2.8-3.2 x 1.2-1.4 mm, surface slightly shiny, dark purple. 2n = 18
Tolerances - temperate-20 C sites.
Requirements - well-drained moist soil in sunny or semi-shade exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds sown in spring cold greenhouse.
Cultivars - 'Album' White flowers, 'Blue Pearl' cobalt blue flowers with yellow center.
Properties and Uses - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.
Arachis hypogaea - Peanut
Herbaceous annual. Stem branched, 40-60 cm high. Leaves compound, 8-12 cm long, oblong folio-obovata, margin entire. Flowers yellow, axillary. Peabody, grow underground, contains 1.3 seeds. 2n = 40.
Dianthus barbatus - perennial herb, native to southern Europe, grows at the edge of forests, bushes and meadows. Cultivated in parks and gardens as ornamentals.
Callistephus chinensis - annual species, 10-70 cm tall, native to Asia. Species cultivated as ornamental in gardens and parks.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.