Scientific Name - Polemonium caeruleum L.
Popular names - Greek valerian, Jacob's Ladder
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the mountains of Europe, wet meadows, from 1500-2300 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous perennial, rhizome white. Stem ribbed, hollow, 30-90 cm high, glabra hairy-glandular at the base and tapered. Basal compound leaves, 10-40 cm, 17-23 segments lanceolate, alternate leaves caulinare. Cimoase inflorescences, corymb, stems pubescent, 2-3 mm, calyx actinomorf, lacini acute, 2-4 mm Corola actinomorfa, white tube, lacinii subrotunde, patents, 11 x 10 mm, purplish at the base with three ribs in darker color, filaments equal in length, pubescent. Blooms in July-August. Fruit pear-shaped capsule, 4-6 mm. Seeds elliptical, 2.8-3.2 x 1.2-1.4 mm, surface slightly shiny, dark purple. 2n = 18
Tolerances - temperate-20 C sites.
Requirements - well-drained moist soil in sunny or semi-shade exhibitions.
Propagation - by seeds sown in spring cold greenhouse.
Cultivars - 'Album' White flowers, 'Blue Pearl' cobalt blue flowers with yellow center.
Properties and Uses - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Sternbergia lutea - geofita bulbs, grow at the edge of deciduous forests, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Viola x wittrockiana
Petasites hybridus - big skid
Perennial herbaceous plant, dioica. Rhizome hectic, thick, fleshy, short, thick with runners. Strain empty. Leaves large, round or reniforme basis cordata, iregulat edge gear, 100 x 60 cm, the bottom of the molding is covered with white fuzz, nervatiune palmate, petiole long, purple.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.