Scientific Name - chamaebuxus Polygala L.
Synonyms - Chamaebuxus alpestris
Popular names - falso BOSSO, bozzolina, Scarpetta della Madonna.
Distribution and Habitat - native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Description - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta. Stems branched, ascending or prostrate, dark gray, 5-25 cm high, forming compact bushes. Leaves persistent, alternate, sessile, glabra coriacee, entire, elliptical to lanceolate, obtuse or short mucronat top. Flowers axillary, solitary or 2-4, arranged terminal, elongated wings oblong spatulate to obovate, 10-12 mm long, yellow with time become reddish, petals yellow-white side, the previous yellow to orange. Stamens 8, filaments based on Overgrown. Stalk erect. Blooms in March andUnie. Fruit capsule, clear wing to round obovata obovata or obcordata. Seeds ovoid, hairy.
Trees and shrubs
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Davidia involucrata var. involucrata
Arbore pana la 20 m inaltime; coroana la inceput conica apoi devine neregulata, ramuri orizontale. Scoarta gri-maronie. Mugurele terminal are forma ovoida, 6-7 mm lungime, acuminat, rosu-brun inchis. Mugurii laterali 6-8 mm lungime.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Lotus maculatus Breitf.
Herbaceous, with the stem wood, under-shrub pendulum. Strain up to 1.5 m high, glabra, gray-green silky, internoduri 35-45 mm stipele children. Leaves imparipenat, 5 folio; foliole 10-25 x 1 mm, subulate or linear, convex upper and concave lower edges entire, top obtuse-rounded, surface moderately pubescent.
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton
Gossypium herbaceum - Cotton fiber is the most popular material obtained from this plant and the second is cotton oil rich in protein.