Scientific name - Pontederia cordata L.
Genus name is given to commemorate Linne Guilio Pontedera Italian physicist (1688-1756), professor and director of the Botanic Garden at Padua in Padua in 1719-1757.
Popular names - pickerelweed, Wampee.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the temperate zones of North America.
Description - aquatic species perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Growth rate --
Tolerant - can be adjusted for shallow water or deeper.
Requirements - grow in full sun and semi-shade, on moist soil or water.
Propagation - dividing rhizomes, spring. The runners, summer. The seeds soon after ripening.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Hibiscus moscheutos, Nymphaea cordata, Peltandra virginica, Phragmites australis, Pistia stratioites, Sagittaria latifolia, Sagittaria lancifolia, Spartina cynosuroides, Typha latifolia.
Cultivars and varieties - P. cordata 'Alba' grows in full sun or semi-shade, on moist soil or in water 25 inches deep. 60-75 cm high. P. cordata 'angustifolia' blue flowers, dark green leaves. P. cordata 'Pink Pons' pink-purple flowers, grows in full sun or semi-shade in moist soil or in water 15 inches deep. P. cordata 'Singapore Pink' Pink flowers.
P. cordata var. cordata - strain up to 1 m tallme, leaves deltoid to triangular-ovata-lanceolata, the deep heart or truncata, 20 cm long, 15 cm long ear.
P. cordata var. lanceolata.
Properties and Uses - infusion of this plant was used as a contraceptive method.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Blanche E. Dean - Wild Flowers of Alabama and Adjoining States - The University of Alabama Press, 1983
Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998
Donovan Stewart Correll - Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States - Stanford University Press, 1975
Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2004
Helen Nash, Steve Stroupe, Perry D. Slocum, Bob Romar - Complete Guide to Water Plants - Sterling, 2004
Horminum pyrenaicum - herbaceous plant, perennial, rizomatoasa, native to Europe, alpine meadows and subalpine grows on limestone bedrock, from 1500 up to 2500 m altitude.
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Saxifraga squarrosa - endemic sub-species of sub-Eastern Alps, grows on limestone rocks and debris, from 1200 m to 2500 m altitude.
Genus name comes from Prince Raimondo di Sangro (1710-1771) of San Severo, born in Naples, Italy. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, including the genus Sansevieria in Aloe. Sansevieria genus was stabilized by Thunberg in 1794 described the second species, S. thyrsiflora and S. aethiopica.
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Allium schoenoprasum is used as an ornamental species for borders or pots.
Leaves eaten cooked or raw with oil and fish. Leaves used like raw onions or garlic in a salad.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.