Scientific name - Pontederia cordata L.
Genus name is given to commemorate Linne Guilio Pontedera Italian physicist (1688-1756), professor and director of the Botanic Garden at Padua in Padua in 1719-1757.
Popular names - pickerelweed, Wampee.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the temperate zones of North America.
Description - aquatic species perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Growth rate --
Tolerant - can be adjusted for shallow water or deeper.
Requirements - grow in full sun and semi-shade, on moist soil or water.
Propagation - dividing rhizomes, spring. The runners, summer. The seeds soon after ripening.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Hibiscus moscheutos, Nymphaea cordata, Peltandra virginica, Phragmites australis, Pistia stratioites, Sagittaria latifolia, Sagittaria lancifolia, Spartina cynosuroides, Typha latifolia.
Cultivars and varieties - P. cordata 'Alba' grows in full sun or semi-shade, on moist soil or in water 25 inches deep. 60-75 cm high. P. cordata 'angustifolia' blue flowers, dark green leaves. P. cordata 'Pink Pons' pink-purple flowers, grows in full sun or semi-shade in moist soil or in water 15 inches deep. P. cordata 'Singapore Pink' Pink flowers.
P. cordata var. cordata - strain up to 1 m tallme, leaves deltoid to triangular-ovata-lanceolata, the deep heart or truncata, 20 cm long, 15 cm long ear.
P. cordata var. lanceolata.
Properties and Uses - infusion of this plant was used as a contraceptive method.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Blanche E. Dean - Wild Flowers of Alabama and Adjoining States - The University of Alabama Press, 1983
Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998
Donovan Stewart Correll - Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States - Stanford University Press, 1975
Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2004
Helen Nash, Steve Stroupe, Perry D. Slocum, Bob Romar - Complete Guide to Water Plants - Sterling, 2004
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Ajacis delphinium - annual species, native to southern Europe, cultivated in different forms as ornamental horticulture.
Dianthus sylvestris - perennial species, the stem short and woody. Increase the debris, limestone bedrock, from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Species are cultivated as ornamental for rocarii.
Bletilla are easy to grow, to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil