Scientific name - Pontederia cordata L.
Genus name is given to commemorate Linne Guilio Pontedera Italian physicist (1688-1756), professor and director of the Botanic Garden at Padua in Padua in 1719-1757.
Popular names - pickerelweed, Wampee.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from the temperate zones of North America.
Description - aquatic species perennial, 45-60 cm tall, thin rhizome. Leaves basal, erect, ovat-lanceolata, with the cord; long petiole. Flowers violet-blue, rarely white, with an upper lobe yellow blossom disposed in ear type. Perianth campanulata, Revol tube after blooming, 6 stamens, 3 more unequal, May 3 children; anther elliptic, blue. Blooms in June-September. The fruit contains a single seed, indehiscent.
Growth rate --
Tolerant - can be adjusted for shallow water or deeper.
Requirements - grow in full sun and semi-shade, on moist soil or water.
Propagation - dividing rhizomes, spring. The runners, summer. The seeds soon after ripening.
Diseases and pests - aphids.
Natural partners and Garden - Hibiscus moscheutos, Nymphaea cordata, Peltandra virginica, Phragmites australis, Pistia stratioites, Sagittaria latifolia, Sagittaria lancifolia, Spartina cynosuroides, Typha latifolia.
Cultivars and varieties - P. cordata 'Alba' grows in full sun or semi-shade, on moist soil or in water 25 inches deep. 60-75 cm high. P. cordata 'angustifolia' blue flowers, dark green leaves. P. cordata 'Pink Pons' pink-purple flowers, grows in full sun or semi-shade in moist soil or in water 15 inches deep. P. cordata 'Singapore Pink' Pink flowers.
P. cordata var. cordata - strain up to 1 m tallme, leaves deltoid to triangular-ovata-lanceolata, the deep heart or truncata, 20 cm long, 15 cm long ear.
P. cordata var. lanceolata.
Properties and Uses - infusion of this plant was used as a contraceptive method.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Blanche E. Dean - Wild Flowers of Alabama and Adjoining States - The University of Alabama Press, 1983
Daniel E. Moerman - Native American ethnobotany - Timber Press, 1998
Donovan Stewart Correll - Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southwestern United States - Stanford University Press, 1975
Greg Speichert, Sue Speichert - Encyclopedia of Water Garden Plants - Timber Press, 2004
Helen Nash, Steve Stroupe, Perry D. Slocum, Bob Romar - Complete Guide to Water Plants - Sterling, 2004
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Aster amellus - a species native to Europe and Asia, common in the collinear, dry and sunny at the edge boschetelor grow on limestone bedrock, from 0 to 800 m altitude.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus L.
Herbaceous perennial, growing in groups, rhizomes and tuberous roots spindle. Strain 1-1,3 m, erect, slightly branched. Leaves 30-90 x 1.0-2.5 cm, green, linear, top acute. Blossom terminal cimoasa with flowers 6.12. Tepalele 7.10 x 2-3 cm, yellow lemons, outer tepalele have about 1.5 cm wide, the inner ones were 2.5 cm wide, ovoid. Blooms in June-July.
Herbaceous perennial, rustic. Rhizome with roots beam. Nastriforme leaves, gathered in bouquets. Raceme blossom or panic, small bracts, perianth campanulata, tepale united at the base, ovata, yellow or orange, 6 stamens attached to corolla tube, ovary inferior. Fruit capsule dehiscence.