Scientific Name - cousin Primula L.
Synonyms - Primula officinalis (L.) Hill., Cousin Primula L. subsp. Hayek canescens
Popular names - aglica, ciubotica cucului, primula di Colonna, Primula odorosa, Primevere officinale, Cowslip.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Description - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, horizontal or oblique, 2-3 cm long. Leaves collected in basal rosette, dark green on top, and more open and often-hairy on the lower, pubescent, petiole 3-8 cm long, lamina ovate, crenata or wavy edge, top obtuse. Flowering stem 25-30 cm. Flowers scented, bisexual, actinomorfe, tetracyclic, pentamere in umbel type inflorescence consisting of 6-18 flowers, golden yellow, 5-20 mm long stem florist, calyx gamosepal inflated tube in the center, larger than the corolla tube up to 1 cm long, lobes triangular, acute, 3 mm long, corolla gamopetala, five stamens, ovary superior, unilocular. Blooms in April-June. Fruit ellipsoidal capsule, uniloculara, 5-10 mm, dehiscence, enclosed in calyx persistent. Seeds brown warty surface. 2n = 22
Requirements - wet soils, calcareous, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by parting bushes, seeds and rhizomes.
Properties and Uses - cultivated in parks and public gardens as an ornamental plant at the edge of the massive tree.
Curiosity - the leaves contain vitamin C.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Harpephyllum caffrum - evergreen tree, endemic to southern Africa, Eastern Cape to KwaZulu-Natal and southern Mozambiqului, grows in coastal forests.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Marrubium vulgare - Voronez
Perennial herbaceous plants, root fusiform. Right strain, wood and rigid, pubescent, 30-100 cm tall. Leaves petiolate, opposite, green-gray, pubescent on the underside, lamina ovata or suborbiculara, iregulat-edge gear, top round or obtuse, base subcordata, 2.5-5 cm long, 1-2 cm long stalks.