Scientific Name - cousin Primula L.
Synonyms - Primula officinalis (L.) Hill., Cousin Primula L. subsp. Hayek canescens
Popular names - aglica, ciubotica cucului, primula di Colonna, Primula odorosa, Primevere officinale, Cowslip.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Description - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, horizontal or oblique, 2-3 cm long. Leaves collected in basal rosette, dark green on top, and more open and often-hairy on the lower, pubescent, petiole 3-8 cm long, lamina ovate, crenata or wavy edge, top obtuse. Flowering stem 25-30 cm. Flowers scented, bisexual, actinomorfe, tetracyclic, pentamere in umbel type inflorescence consisting of 6-18 flowers, golden yellow, 5-20 mm long stem florist, calyx gamosepal inflated tube in the center, larger than the corolla tube up to 1 cm long, lobes triangular, acute, 3 mm long, corolla gamopetala, five stamens, ovary superior, unilocular. Blooms in April-June. Fruit ellipsoidal capsule, uniloculara, 5-10 mm, dehiscence, enclosed in calyx persistent. Seeds brown warty surface. 2n = 22
Requirements - wet soils, calcareous, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by parting bushes, seeds and rhizomes.
Properties and Uses - cultivated in parks and public gardens as an ornamental plant at the edge of the massive tree.
Curiosity - the leaves contain vitamin C.
Acanthus mollis - Bear's Breeches
Native of the Mediterranean area, grows in gardens like ornamentals. Flower can be over 1.8 m tall, the purple-pink bracts contrasting with the white flowers. Prefer shelter and deep, moist soil.
Heliosperma pusillum - herbaceous perennial, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone ravines, from 1000 to 2500 m altitude.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
A new species of Pastinaca L. in Turkey
Prunus serotina - a native of North America, grows on the edge of forests on sandy soils and poor.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length