19
Apr
2011
Primula cousin - cuckoo boot
Flowers | Magnoliopsida
6
0

Scientific Name - cousin Primula L.

Synonyms - Primula officinalis (L.) Hill., Cousin Primula L. subsp. Hayek canescens

Popular names - aglica, ciubotica cucului, primula di Colonna, Primula odorosa, Primevere officinale, Cowslip.

Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.

Description - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, horizontal or oblique, 2-3 cm long. Leaves collected in basal rosette, dark green on top, and more open and often-hairy on the lower, pubescent, petiole 3-8 cm long, lamina ovate, crenata or wavy edge, top obtuse. Flowering stem 25-30 cm. Flowers scented, bisexual, actinomorfe, tetracyclic, pentamere in umbel type inflorescence consisting of 6-18 flowers, golden yellow, 5-20 mm long stem florist, calyx gamosepal inflated tube in the center, larger than the corolla tube up to 1 cm long, lobes triangular, acute, 3 mm long, corolla gamopetala, five stamens, ovary superior, unilocular. Blooms in April-June. Fruit ellipsoidal capsule, uniloculara, 5-10 mm, dehiscence, enclosed in calyx persistent. Seeds brown warty surface. 2n = 22

Requirements - wet soils, calcareous, sunny exhibitions.

Propagation - by parting bushes, seeds and rhizomes.

Properties and Uses - cultivated in parks and public gardens as an ornamental plant at the edge of the massive tree.

Curiosity - the leaves contain vitamin C.

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