Scientific Name - cousin Primula L.
Synonyms - Primula officinalis (L.) Hill., Cousin Primula L. subsp. Hayek canescens
Popular names - aglica, ciubotica cucului, primula di Colonna, Primula odorosa, Primevere officinale, Cowslip.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Description - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, horizontal or oblique, 2-3 cm long. Leaves collected in basal rosette, dark green on top, and more open and often-hairy on the lower, pubescent, petiole 3-8 cm long, lamina ovate, crenata or wavy edge, top obtuse. Flowering stem 25-30 cm. Flowers scented, bisexual, actinomorfe, tetracyclic, pentamere in umbel type inflorescence consisting of 6-18 flowers, golden yellow, 5-20 mm long stem florist, calyx gamosepal inflated tube in the center, larger than the corolla tube up to 1 cm long, lobes triangular, acute, 3 mm long, corolla gamopetala, five stamens, ovary superior, unilocular. Blooms in April-June. Fruit ellipsoidal capsule, uniloculara, 5-10 mm, dehiscence, enclosed in calyx persistent. Seeds brown warty surface. 2n = 22
Requirements - wet soils, calcareous, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by parting bushes, seeds and rhizomes.
Properties and Uses - cultivated in parks and public gardens as an ornamental plant at the edge of the massive tree.
Curiosity - the leaves contain vitamin C.
Originally from Europe and western Asia, growing on wet soils and peat, from plain to 1800 m altitude.
Herbaceous plants, roots rizomatoase, 2-4 mm in diameter. Stem erect, tube or fistiloase, foam, and longitudinally striated. Leaves basal, long petiolate (5-20 cm); language cordata, margine crenata, wavy carnoas, top obtuse, bright green. Caulinare Leaves are similar to those that are based only smaller sessile or subsesile.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.
Tropaeolum majus L. - nasturium, Capucine
Tropaeolum majus is originally from Peru, which grows along the coasts and forests of hardwood. Also in Peru, is cultivated to prepare salads. The leaves are rich in minerals, vitamin C and a natural antibiotic.
Helleborus viridis - originating in Spain, France, Italy and Switzerland; grows on calcareous soils from 0 to 1700 m altitude, to the edges of deciduous forests, beech forests and mixed forests, grows in association with Arum dioscoridis, Crocus sp., Cyclamen coum, Fritillaria sp. Hyacinthus orientalis.
Doronicum grandiflorum - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkans, growing on calcareous substrates in mountain and alpine floor, the debris, slopes from 2000-2500 m altitude.
Gentiana crucial - originated in southern, central and eastern Europe, it grows on sunny pastures on limestone soils, from 200 to 2000 m altitude.
Hydrangea - Hortensia
Genus includes 80 species, the most popular are H. macrophylla, H. arborescens, H. paniculata and H. quercifolia. Shrub or voluble species with opposite leaves. Flowers solitary or grouped in inflorescences type corymb, Raceme. Ovary compound, 2-10 rags, below. Capsule truncata. Seeds numerous, ribbed.