Scientific Name - cousin Primula L.
Synonyms - Primula officinalis (L.) Hill., Cousin Primula L. subsp. Hayek canescens
Popular names - aglica, ciubotica cucului, primula di Colonna, Primula odorosa, Primevere officinale, Cowslip.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe and Asia, grows through meadows, sunny pastures, edges of woods, from hills to the alpine region.
Description - Herbaceous perennial with cylindrical rhizome, horizontal or oblique, 2-3 cm long. Leaves collected in basal rosette, dark green on top, and more open and often-hairy on the lower, pubescent, petiole 3-8 cm long, lamina ovate, crenata or wavy edge, top obtuse. Flowering stem 25-30 cm. Flowers scented, bisexual, actinomorfe, tetracyclic, pentamere in umbel type inflorescence consisting of 6-18 flowers, golden yellow, 5-20 mm long stem florist, calyx gamosepal inflated tube in the center, larger than the corolla tube up to 1 cm long, lobes triangular, acute, 3 mm long, corolla gamopetala, five stamens, ovary superior, unilocular. Blooms in April-June. Fruit ellipsoidal capsule, uniloculara, 5-10 mm, dehiscence, enclosed in calyx persistent. Seeds brown warty surface. 2n = 22
Requirements - wet soils, calcareous, sunny exhibitions.
Propagation - by parting bushes, seeds and rhizomes.
Properties and Uses - cultivated in parks and public gardens as an ornamental plant at the edge of the massive tree.
Curiosity - the leaves contain vitamin C.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Stachys Byzantine - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia, grows on dry slopes at the edge of forests, up to 2000 m altitude.
Aquilegia atrata Koch
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome thick, vertically or diagonally. Stem erect, branched, pubescent, green or red-purple shades, 30-80 cm high. Leaf sectors lobate 3 lobes or parts, green on the upper face and green on the lower glauca
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.