Scientific Name - Prunus armeniaca L.
Synonyms - armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
Popular names - cais, apricot, albicocca, zardalu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from northeastern China
Description - shrub or small tree, 3-6 (12) m tall; lujerii young and new leaves are reddish. leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, ovate to suborbiculare, acuminata leading to cusp edge soiree, the subcordata or truncata. subsesile flowers, solitary or in bunches, appear before the leaves, calyx pubescent, reddish-brown, petals 10-15 mm, white or pale pink. Drupa fruit, edible, 4-8 cm diameter, subglobos, velutat, orange to yellow, yellow-orange mezocarp; endocarp lenticular, smooth, with three ribs along an edge. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate soil salinity. Not long tolerate frosts.
Requirements - to get quality fruits prefer deep soils, fertile and well drained
Propagation - by seed or by grafting.
Diseases and pests - Xanthomonas campestris, Cytospora sp., Pseudomonas syringae.
Garden Partners -
Properties and Uses - grown for edible fruit, apricot.
Curiosity - apricot Romans introduced in Europe in 70-60 BC through Greece and Italy.
Apricots contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Trees and shrubs
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Syringa vulgaris L.
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Digitalis purpurea - ornamental species, the size and elegant in almost any soil type and situation.
Digitalis purpurea digitalina contains a powerful drug used for heart disease. London was introduced in the 1650s in the pharmacopoeias.