Scientific Name - Prunus armeniaca L.
Synonyms - armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
Popular names - cais, apricot, albicocca, zardalu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from northeastern China
Description - shrub or small tree, 3-6 (12) m tall; lujerii young and new leaves are reddish. leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, ovate to suborbiculare, acuminata leading to cusp edge soiree, the subcordata or truncata. subsesile flowers, solitary or in bunches, appear before the leaves, calyx pubescent, reddish-brown, petals 10-15 mm, white or pale pink. Drupa fruit, edible, 4-8 cm diameter, subglobos, velutat, orange to yellow, yellow-orange mezocarp; endocarp lenticular, smooth, with three ribs along an edge. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate soil salinity. Not long tolerate frosts.
Requirements - to get quality fruits prefer deep soils, fertile and well drained
Propagation - by seed or by grafting.
Diseases and pests - Xanthomonas campestris, Cytospora sp., Pseudomonas syringae.
Garden Partners -
Properties and Uses - grown for edible fruit, apricot.
Curiosity - apricot Romans introduced in Europe in 70-60 BC through Greece and Italy.
Apricots contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Trees and shrubs
Schinus molle - evergreen tree, 3-15 m tall. Originally from Argentina, Bolivia and Peru where it grows from 0 to 2400 m altitude. Cultivated soil erosion, but also as ornamental species, or bonsai.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Theobroma cacao - the tree deciduu originating from semi-tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico and the U.S.A
The genus name derives from the Greek "theos" = god, and 'bromine' = food, food of the gods.
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Helianthemum nummularium - Rock Rose
Scientific name, Helianthemum numularium, derived from the Greek Helios = sun and the Latin word indicating the currency, numumus = currency, because the flowers that sparkle in sunlight like a golden coin.
Brachyscome multifida - herbaceous perennial, rizomatoasa, native to temperate regions of southern Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.