29
Nov
2010
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name - Prunus armeniaca L.

Synonyms - armeniaca vulgaris Lam.

Popular names - cais, apricot, albicocca, zardalu.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from northeastern China

Description - shrub or small tree, 3-6 (12) m tall; lujerii young and new leaves are reddish. leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, ovate to suborbiculare, acuminata leading to cusp edge soiree, the subcordata or truncata. subsesile flowers, solitary or in bunches, appear before the leaves, calyx pubescent, reddish-brown, petals 10-15 mm, white or pale pink. Drupa fruit, edible, 4-8 cm diameter, subglobos, velutat, orange to yellow, yellow-orange mezocarp; endocarp lenticular, smooth, with three ribs along an edge. 2n = 16

Growth rate -

Tolerances - tolerate soil salinity. Not long tolerate frosts.

Requirements - to get quality fruits prefer deep soils, fertile and well drained

Management -

Propagation - by seed or by grafting.

Diseases and pests - Xanthomonas campestris, Cytospora sp., Pseudomonas syringae.

Garden Partners -

Cultivars -

Properties and Uses - grown for edible fruit, apricot.

Curiosity - apricot Romans introduced in Europe in 70-60 BC through Greece and Italy.

Apricots contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium.

The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.

 

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Trees and shrubs
Actinidia deliciosa - kiwi

Actinidia deliciosa fruits are edible, used for beverages, desserts, containing vitamin C, A and E and potassium.

 
Ceiba pentandra

Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.

 
Corylus avellana - hazelnut

Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.

 
Carica papaya

Carica papaya - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.

The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.

 
Cotoneaster horizontális

Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.

 
Magnoliopsida
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
Buphthalmum salicifolium

Buphthalmum salicifolium - herbaceous plant, perennial. Originally from the Balkans and Eastern Alps, growing limestone land in arid forests, wet meadows and sunny, from 200 to 2100 m altitude.

 
Cotoneaster horizontális

Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.

 
Viola x wittrockiana

Viola x wittrockiana - biennial species, 15 cm height. Leaves alternate, basal, simple, ovata or subcordate, needle, stalk, stipelate. Flowers solitary, basal zigomorfe; 5 free petals, 5 sepa-free, 5 stamens. Fruit capsule with 3 valves. Flowers from spring until autumn.

 
Campanula glomerata

Campanula glomerata species native to Europe, growing in arid environments, pastures and forest edges, 0-1500 m altitude. Seen as ornamental species, ideal for who wants to create a wild flower garden.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links