Scientific Name - Prunus armeniaca L.
Synonyms - armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
Popular names - cais, apricot, albicocca, zardalu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from northeastern China
Description - shrub or small tree, 3-6 (12) m tall; lujerii young and new leaves are reddish. leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, ovate to suborbiculare, acuminata leading to cusp edge soiree, the subcordata or truncata. subsesile flowers, solitary or in bunches, appear before the leaves, calyx pubescent, reddish-brown, petals 10-15 mm, white or pale pink. Drupa fruit, edible, 4-8 cm diameter, subglobos, velutat, orange to yellow, yellow-orange mezocarp; endocarp lenticular, smooth, with three ribs along an edge. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate soil salinity. Not long tolerate frosts.
Requirements - to get quality fruits prefer deep soils, fertile and well drained
Propagation - by seed or by grafting.
Diseases and pests - Xanthomonas campestris, Cytospora sp., Pseudomonas syringae.
Garden Partners -
Properties and Uses - grown for edible fruit, apricot.
Curiosity - apricot Romans introduced in Europe in 70-60 BC through Greece and Italy.
Apricots contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Trees and shrubs
Indigofera jucunda - shrub or small tree, evergreen, native to the forests of Africa, Kwazulu-Natal, near rocks and rivers.
Polygala chamaebuxus - perennial, evergreen, subfrutescenta, native to Central, Eastern and South-East, it grows on rocky places in alpine floor.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Centaurea is the third - century genre that many species in Turkey, with 189 taxa. Most of these taxa are endemic in the whole country or a limited area. Value for Centaurea endemism in Turkey is 60%.
Kizildaghensis Centaurea Centaurea is very similar to kotschy. C. kotschy doll is simple, plum, very long compared to the new species has double doll and nauseating.
Acca sellowiana is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub, a native of South America, is now widely grown in the tropics and warm climates as an ornamental, and for its fruit. In late spring it produces quantities of flowers with proeminent red stamens and pinky-white edible petals. After flowering, the foliage can be hard pruned into any shape.
Hebe x franciscana
Hebe x franciscana - evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m tall.
Hebe x franciscana is a hybrid of Hebe speciosa Hebe from New Zealand and Elliptic.