Scientific Name - Prunus armeniaca L.
Synonyms - armeniaca vulgaris Lam.
Popular names - cais, apricot, albicocca, zardalu.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from northeastern China
Description - shrub or small tree, 3-6 (12) m tall; lujerii young and new leaves are reddish. leaves 5-10 x 5-8 cm, ovate to suborbiculare, acuminata leading to cusp edge soiree, the subcordata or truncata. subsesile flowers, solitary or in bunches, appear before the leaves, calyx pubescent, reddish-brown, petals 10-15 mm, white or pale pink. Drupa fruit, edible, 4-8 cm diameter, subglobos, velutat, orange to yellow, yellow-orange mezocarp; endocarp lenticular, smooth, with three ribs along an edge. 2n = 16
Growth rate -
Tolerances - tolerate soil salinity. Not long tolerate frosts.
Requirements - to get quality fruits prefer deep soils, fertile and well drained
Propagation - by seed or by grafting.
Diseases and pests - Xanthomonas campestris, Cytospora sp., Pseudomonas syringae.
Garden Partners -
Properties and Uses - grown for edible fruit, apricot.
Curiosity - apricot Romans introduced in Europe in 70-60 BC through Greece and Italy.
Apricots contain Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium, Potassium.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Trees and shrubs
Betula alba - species, ornamental, decorative crown shape and color of bark, in parks and gardens. The bark is rich in tannins, is used in cosmetics.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.
Lagerstroemia indica L.
Deciduu tree. Global Crown-espansa. Body nodosa, latit basis. Ritidom thin, white-yellow, smooth, glossy. Decidue leaves, opposite or alternate, distances, almost sessile, lamina glabra, elliptic-lanceolata, shiny green on top, the green opaque on the bottom, edge entire, top acute, 7 x 2-3 cm
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.
Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.