Scientific Name - Prunus cerasifera
Synonyms - Prunus domestica, Prunus divaricata, Prunus pseudoarmeniaca
Popular names - corcodus, cherry plum, myrobalan plum, Kirschpflaume, plum, beeswax, cerisette, ciliegio supports, guindo, paradicsomszilva, dzanka, Alyce, myrobalan fruits, Alyce, tkemali, ying tao lick.
Distribution and Habitat - the natural increase in the Balkan peninsula, cultivated for its fruit throughout Europe and naturalized in many places.
Description - shrub or small tree, 8 m tall, with thorny branches, younger stems glabra shiny. Leaves 4-7 x 2-4 cm, oblong-obovate, base cunea, border, or soiree crenata, glabra, shiny side and ubescente suoerioara the ribs on the underside. Flowers solitary, pedicel 15 mm glabru, petals 8-10 mm, white. Blooms in February-March. Fruit drupa, 2-3 cm in aggregate glabru, yellow or red, edible.
Prunus cerasifera subsp. cerasifera - originating in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Balkan peninsula to the center of Europe, small fruit, yellow, tasteless.
Prunus cerasifera subsp. orientalis - originated in western Asia to the Caucasus and Central Asia, small to very small fruit with no flavor.
Prunus cerasifera subsp. macrocarpa - cultivated in Bulgaria, Crimea, Caucasus, Western and Middle East, fruit medium to large, sometimes with taste.
Prunus cerasifera var. pissardi - deciduu tree, small, 4.5-9 m tall. Purple-red leaves, elliptic, ovate or obovate, 5-10 cm long, fine evenings. Flowers usually solitary, white or pale pink. Drupa subgloboasa, 1.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter, red or yellow.
Prunus cerasifera var. pissardi, M. Pissard introduced this species from Iran to France in 1880.
Tolerances - resist drought, frostt (up to -12 C). tolerant of slightly alkaline soils.
Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well drained soils, acidic.
Propagation - by seeds, seedlings lemnificati winter.
Diseases and pests -
Garden Partners -
Cultivars - 'Myrobalana' is resistant to frost.
Properties and Uses - cultivated throughout the world as ornamental or fruit trees.
Peter Hanelt, R. Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001
McMinn - Pacific Coast Trees - University of California Press, 1992
Trees and shrubs
Syzygium aromaticum - clove
Small, oblong fruit with little pulp. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic. It is used in the form of a paste or mixture as dental cement.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.