28
Mar
2010
Prunus cerasifera - corcodus
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida
13
0

Scientific Name - Prunus cerasifera

Synonyms - Prunus domestica, Prunus divaricata, Prunus pseudoarmeniaca

Popular names - corcodus, cherry plum, myrobalan plum, Kirschpflaume, plum, beeswax, cerisette, ciliegio supports, guindo, paradicsomszilva, dzanka, Alyce, myrobalan fruits, Alyce, tkemali, ying tao lick.

Distribution and Habitat - the natural increase in the Balkan peninsula, cultivated for its fruit throughout Europe and naturalized in many places.

Description - shrub or small tree, 8 m tall, with thorny branches, younger stems glabra shiny. Leaves 4-7 x 2-4 cm, oblong-obovate, base cunea, border, or soiree crenata, glabra, shiny side and ubescente suoerioara the ribs on the underside. Flowers solitary, pedicel 15 mm glabru, petals 8-10 mm, white. Blooms in February-March. Fruit drupa, 2-3 cm in aggregate glabru, yellow or red, edible.

Prunus cerasifera subsp. cerasifera - originating in the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Balkan peninsula to the center of Europe, small fruit, yellow, tasteless.

Prunus cerasifera subsp. orientalis - originated in western Asia to the Caucasus and Central Asia, small to very small fruit with no flavor.

Prunus cerasifera subsp. macrocarpa - cultivated in Bulgaria, Crimea, Caucasus, Western and Middle East, fruit medium to large, sometimes with taste.

Prunus cerasifera var. pissardi - deciduu tree, small, 4.5-9 m tall. Purple-red leaves, elliptic, ovate or obovate, 5-10 cm long, fine evenings. Flowers usually solitary, white or pale pink. Drupa subgloboasa, 1.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter, red or yellow.

Prunus cerasifera var. pissardi, M. Pissard introduced this species from Iran to France in 1880.

Tolerances - resist drought, frostt (up to -12 C). tolerant of slightly alkaline soils.

Requirements - exhibitions sunny, well drained soils, acidic.

Management -

Propagation - by seeds, seedlings lemnificati winter.

Diseases and pests -

Garden Partners -

Cultivars - 'Myrobalana' is resistant to frost.

Properties and Uses - cultivated throughout the world as ornamental or fruit trees.

Curiosity -

Bibliography

Peter Hanelt, R. Kilian, W. Kilian - Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops - Springer, 2001

McMinn - Pacific Coast Trees - University of California Press, 1992

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