Scientific name - Prunus laurocerasus L.
In 1737 Linnaeus used four types of Prunus species today, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Padus and Prunus, but in 1758 it was reduced to two, Amygdalus and Prunus.
Synonyms - Laurocerasus officinalis
Popular names - Lingua de bo, English laurel, laurbaerkirsebaer, cherry laurel, Lorbeerkirsche, laurowisnia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Grows at the edges of forests.
Description - shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short. Flowers gathered in the raceme, the armpit leaves, calyx composed dbased on 5 sepa united; Corola white, 5 free petals, 20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit drupe, ovoid, top acuminata, 1 cm diameter.
Growth rate - faster, 30 cm / year.
Tolerances - shading in hot climates.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds require 2-3 months of cold stratification in the greenhouse. They need 18 months to germinate. Young plants in greenhouse to keep the first winter, late spring or even out beyond next summer. Butsirea, using semi-lignificati seedlings with heel, in July-August in the greenhouse. Lignificati seedlings in October.
Culture - grows on slightly acid soils, in places bright or semi-shade. The regular watering.
Management - is clipped after flowering. The spring and summer fertilizeaza liquid or mineral fertilizers. Responds well to strong cuts, once every 2-3 years.
Diseases and pests
Cultivars and varieties:
- 'Aureovariegata' - with yellow-gold on amrgini;
- 'Otto Luyken' - small leaves 10x3 cm;
- 'Rotundifolia' - language leaves oblong, 15 cm long, 5m x 4m;
- 'Zabeliana' - tolerate cold winter conditions.
Properties and Uses - Suitable for hedges. The gardens and terraces, as solitary or container plant.
Leaves are narcotic and sedative properties. External cold infusion of leaves used to infect the eye. Can be toxic, creating trouble breathing, vomiting.
David A. Francko - Palms Will not Grow and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear
Glycine max - soybean
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Trees and shrubs
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Tree, 20-30 m tall stem, 30-100 cm diameter, cintorsionata right, conical crown, becoming round-payment. Bark gray to reddish-brown, deeply breazdata. Curved branches, stalk thin, red-brown, sometimes glauca.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Herbaceous perennial. Floral stem erect, 3-15 cm high. Basal leaves often nested, lamina lanceolata, 0.4-1.5 cm x 0.8-2.0 mm, margins cartilaginous, top acute, glabra, nauseating. Flowers solitary, bisexual or unisexuate. Pedicel 2-40 mm.
Viola x wittrockiana