Prunus laurocerasus L.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Prunus laurocerasus L.

In 1737 Linnaeus used four types of Prunus species today, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Padus and Prunus, but in 1758 it was reduced to two, Amygdalus and Prunus.

Synonyms - Laurocerasus officinalis

Popular names - Lingua de bo, English laurel, laurbaerkirsebaer, cherry laurel, Lorbeerkirsche, laurowisnia.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Grows at the edges of forests.

Description - shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short. Flowers gathered in the raceme, the armpit leaves, calyx composed dbased on 5 sepa united; Corola white, 5 free petals, 20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit drupe, ovoid, top acuminata, 1 cm diameter.

Growth rate - faster, 30 cm / year.

Tolerances - shading in hot climates.

Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds require 2-3 months of cold stratification in the greenhouse. They need 18 months to germinate. Young plants in greenhouse to keep the first winter, late spring or even out beyond next summer. Butsirea, using semi-lignificati seedlings with heel, in July-August in the greenhouse. Lignificati seedlings in October.

Culture - grows on slightly acid soils, in places bright or semi-shade. The regular watering.

Management - is clipped after flowering. The spring and summer fertilizeaza liquid or mineral fertilizers. Responds well to strong cuts, once every 2-3 years.

Diseases and pests

Cultivars and varieties:

- 'Aureovariegata' - with yellow-gold on amrgini;

- 'Otto Luyken' - small leaves 10x3 cm;

- 'Rotundifolia' - language leaves oblong, 15 cm long, 5m x 4m;

- 'Zabeliana' - tolerate cold winter conditions.

Properties and Uses - Suitable for hedges. The gardens and terraces, as solitary or container plant.

Leaves are narcotic and sedative properties. External cold infusion of leaves used to infect the eye. Can be toxic, creating trouble breathing, vomiting.


David A. Francko - Palms Will not Grow and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003

Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978

See also
Green Pharmacy
Hamamelis virginiana

Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.

Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.

Ilex aquifolium

Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.

Calendula officinalis L. - marigold

Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.

Luffa cylindrica

Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.

Senna corymbosa

Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .

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Annona muricata

Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.

Campsis radicans

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Carica papaya

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The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.

Dictamnus albus L.

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Sedum album

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Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard

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Scrophularia nodosa

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Linum viscosum

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