Scientific name - Prunus laurocerasus L.
In 1737 Linnaeus used four types of Prunus species today, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Padus and Prunus, but in 1758 it was reduced to two, Amygdalus and Prunus.
Synonyms - Laurocerasus officinalis
Popular names - Lingua de bo, English laurel, laurbaerkirsebaer, cherry laurel, Lorbeerkirsche, laurowisnia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Grows at the edges of forests.
Description - shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short. Flowers gathered in the raceme, the armpit leaves, calyx composed dbased on 5 sepa united; Corola white, 5 free petals, 20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit drupe, ovoid, top acuminata, 1 cm diameter.
Growth rate - faster, 30 cm / year.
Tolerances - shading in hot climates.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds require 2-3 months of cold stratification in the greenhouse. They need 18 months to germinate. Young plants in greenhouse to keep the first winter, late spring or even out beyond next summer. Butsirea, using semi-lignificati seedlings with heel, in July-August in the greenhouse. Lignificati seedlings in October.
Culture - grows on slightly acid soils, in places bright or semi-shade. The regular watering.
Management - is clipped after flowering. The spring and summer fertilizeaza liquid or mineral fertilizers. Responds well to strong cuts, once every 2-3 years.
Diseases and pests
Cultivars and varieties:
- 'Aureovariegata' - with yellow-gold on amrgini;
- 'Otto Luyken' - small leaves 10x3 cm;
- 'Rotundifolia' - language leaves oblong, 15 cm long, 5m x 4m;
- 'Zabeliana' - tolerate cold winter conditions.
Properties and Uses - Suitable for hedges. The gardens and terraces, as solitary or container plant.
Leaves are narcotic and sedative properties. External cold infusion of leaves used to infect the eye. Can be toxic, creating trouble breathing, vomiting.
David A. Francko - Palms Will not Grow and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba
Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .
Glycine max - soybean
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Trees and shrubs
Citrus - citrus
Bark smooth, thin, gray-brown to green. Most species have a single trunk, hardwood. Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) has a thick trunk 0.5 - a, 75 m in diameter. Stalk young are edges, green. Stalk elderly are circular in section.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Perennial herbaceous, stem 7-40 cm high. Caulinare different from the basal leaves, the basal are lobate, and those are areas caulinare. Flower 3-5 cm diameter, white, yellow or red; 3.5 sepa obsolete; 5 or more petals, stamens numerous. Fruit achenes, top acuminata recurbat, 4,5-5,6 x 3,0-3,7 mm, brown doll. 2n = 16.
Physalis alkekengi - ripe fruits are edible, are rich in Vitamin C and has diuretic and laxative properties.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.