Scientific name - Prunus laurocerasus L.
In 1737 Linnaeus used four types of Prunus species today, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Padus and Prunus, but in 1758 it was reduced to two, Amygdalus and Prunus.
Synonyms - Laurocerasus officinalis
Popular names - Lingua de bo, English laurel, laurbaerkirsebaer, cherry laurel, Lorbeerkirsche, laurowisnia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Grows at the edges of forests.
Description - shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short. Flowers gathered in the raceme, the armpit leaves, calyx composed dbased on 5 sepa united; Corola white, 5 free petals, 20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit drupe, ovoid, top acuminata, 1 cm diameter.
Growth rate - faster, 30 cm / year.
Tolerances - shading in hot climates.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds require 2-3 months of cold stratification in the greenhouse. They need 18 months to germinate. Young plants in greenhouse to keep the first winter, late spring or even out beyond next summer. Butsirea, using semi-lignificati seedlings with heel, in July-August in the greenhouse. Lignificati seedlings in October.
Culture - grows on slightly acid soils, in places bright or semi-shade. The regular watering.
Management - is clipped after flowering. The spring and summer fertilizeaza liquid or mineral fertilizers. Responds well to strong cuts, once every 2-3 years.
Diseases and pests
Cultivars and varieties:
- 'Aureovariegata' - with yellow-gold on amrgini;
- 'Otto Luyken' - small leaves 10x3 cm;
- 'Rotundifolia' - language leaves oblong, 15 cm long, 5m x 4m;
- 'Zabeliana' - tolerate cold winter conditions.
Properties and Uses - Suitable for hedges. The gardens and terraces, as solitary or container plant.
Leaves are narcotic and sedative properties. External cold infusion of leaves used to infect the eye. Can be toxic, creating trouble breathing, vomiting.
David A. Francko - Palms Will not Grow and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Trees and shrubs
Tibouchina urvilleana - shrub, to 4 m high. Belong to the genus Tibouchina about 350 species of shrubs and undergrowth of tropical America, most of them being found across the globe species grown as ornamentals.
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.
Dictamnus albus L.
Dictamnus albus L. - Species native to southern Europe to northern China, perennial to 1 m, stem node, erect, leafy coriacee, compound, alternate, 9-11 lobes, ovata, parties, 7.5 cm long; iregulate flowers, white-pink, 2.5 cm long, 5 SEPA and 5 petals, 10 stamens, terminal raceme, fruit capsule with 5 lobes.
Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.
Brassica nigra Koek. - Black mustard
Brassica nigra is herbaceous annual native to Asia Minor, but is cultivated on all continents for the seeds. The seeds are used for preparation of mustard.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.