Scientific name - Prunus laurocerasus L.
In 1737 Linnaeus used four types of Prunus species today, Amygdalus, Cerasus, Padus and Prunus, but in 1758 it was reduced to two, Amygdalus and Prunus.
Synonyms - Laurocerasus officinalis
Popular names - Lingua de bo, English laurel, laurbaerkirsebaer, cherry laurel, Lorbeerkirsche, laurowisnia.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Grows at the edges of forests.
Description - shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short. Flowers gathered in the raceme, the armpit leaves, calyx composed dbased on 5 sepa united; Corola white, 5 free petals, 20 stamens. Blooms in April-May. Fruit drupe, ovoid, top acuminata, 1 cm diameter.
Growth rate - faster, 30 cm / year.
Tolerances - shading in hot climates.
Propagation - by seeds and seedlings. Seeds require 2-3 months of cold stratification in the greenhouse. They need 18 months to germinate. Young plants in greenhouse to keep the first winter, late spring or even out beyond next summer. Butsirea, using semi-lignificati seedlings with heel, in July-August in the greenhouse. Lignificati seedlings in October.
Culture - grows on slightly acid soils, in places bright or semi-shade. The regular watering.
Management - is clipped after flowering. The spring and summer fertilizeaza liquid or mineral fertilizers. Responds well to strong cuts, once every 2-3 years.
Diseases and pests
Cultivars and varieties:
- 'Aureovariegata' - with yellow-gold on amrgini;
- 'Otto Luyken' - small leaves 10x3 cm;
- 'Rotundifolia' - language leaves oblong, 15 cm long, 5m x 4m;
- 'Zabeliana' - tolerate cold winter conditions.
Properties and Uses - Suitable for hedges. The gardens and terraces, as solitary or container plant.
Leaves are narcotic and sedative properties. External cold infusion of leaves used to infect the eye. Can be toxic, creating trouble breathing, vomiting.
David A. Francko - Palms Will not Grow and Other Myths - Timber Press, 2003
Pascal P. Piron - Diseases and pests of ornamental plants - Wiley, 1978
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth
Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.
Green tea properties
Contains an antioxidant 100 times more powerful and effective than vitamin C and 25 times more effective than vitamin E in protecting cells. Inhibit the growth of new tumor cells and destroy some of the existing ones, without destroying the healthy.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Trees and shrubs
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Maclura tricuspidata - native to North America, used as an ornamental species, used for protection curtains.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Banksia ericifolia, originally from Australia, Blue Mountains. In 1992, Banksia ericifolia was chosen as the official emblem of Sydney.
Lycium barbarum - sea of fencing
Thorny shrub, 1-3 m high, stems Pendente .. Leaves alternate, glabra, short stalks, language ovat-elliptic, top acute, base cuneata, margins entire, 1-5.5 x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers hermaphrodite, axillary, solitary or in groups, calyx 0.3-0.4 cm long, 5-lobed or consonant, Corola infundibuliforma, 1-1.2 cm, pale purple, petals strong reflexes
Eriobotrya japonica Lindl
Small tree, 5-10 m high, trunk erect, divide, tomentoase branches, erect and espana, bark gray-brown, smooth, crown open, umbeliforma in adulthood. Leaves persistent, alternate, simple, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine evening, acuminata; nervatiuni lecundare are thick and deep language that seems inflated between them
Tree 25 m high. Trunk erect, branched. Ritidom smooth, dark gray. Crown broad, thick, tapered. Leaves persistent, alternate, coriacee, lamina ovat-oblong, acute, entire and slightly wavy edge on the upper side and glossy green color, on the underside is brown-rust, pubescent, ribbed central rib obvious; nervatiuni pinnate secondary.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.