Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.
Small tree or shrub 2-8 m high and 4.5 m in diameter. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, oval-lanceolata, 3-8 cm long, dark green, glossy, autumn turns yellow-green. Flowers are grouped into the upper part of the shoot a year, calyx thick with 5.7 SEPA. Numerous stamens inserted in each tube calyx 3. Petals (point of crepe paper) have the same number sepalele, red-orange. Fruit spherical, with the exocarp (peel) thick, yellow or red, the seeds are covered with a flesh r axle, edible. Blooms in April and build in September-October.
Punica granatum is sensitive to heavy rain and high humidity of the land.
Pomegranates are propagated seedlings, the shoot or root, summer. Plants obtained from seeds do not keep the mother plant characteristics.
The soil should be well drained, without excess of lime. Grows well in sunny exhibitions.
It can tolerate temperatures of -12 ° C in winter, but can be damaged by late frosts in spring.
The fertilizeaza the end of winter with organic fertilizer.
Pomegranates contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, phosphorus, potassium, sodio, calcium, iron. The seeds contain Vitamin C.
Medicinal Properties: Astringent, antidiareic, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic antitermic, diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Parts used are bark, seeds of which can prepare infusions, syrups and decocturi.
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Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2003
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.
Evergreen shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves alternate, long-petiolate, palmately-compound, with 7.9 Folio, coriacee, folio obovata, glabra, margin entire, nervatiune pinnate, petiole thin, 12-15 cm long. Blossom terminal, glabra, 20 cm long, flowers arranged in umbele raceme, 0.7-1 cm in diameter, pedicel 5.8 mm long. Fruit drupe, ovoid, orange, 5 x 4 mm.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Glycine max - soybean
Leycesteria formosa Wall.
Leycesteria formosa, originating from the Himalayas and southwestern China. The species cultivated as ornamental gardens.
Solanum lycopersicum - herbaceous plant annually. In Europe, Solanum lycopersicum, was introduced in the early sixteenth century. Joseph Pitton of Tournefort was first described in the genus Lycopersicon tomatoes.