Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.
Small tree or shrub 2-8 m high and 4.5 m in diameter. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, oval-lanceolata, 3-8 cm long, dark green, glossy, autumn turns yellow-green. Flowers are grouped into the upper part of the shoot a year, calyx thick with 5.7 SEPA. Numerous stamens inserted in each tube calyx 3. Petals (point of crepe paper) have the same number sepalele, red-orange. Fruit spherical, with the exocarp (peel) thick, yellow or red, the seeds are covered with a flesh r axle, edible. Blooms in April and build in September-October.
Punica granatum is sensitive to heavy rain and high humidity of the land.
Pomegranates are propagated seedlings, the shoot or root, summer. Plants obtained from seeds do not keep the mother plant characteristics.
The soil should be well drained, without excess of lime. Grows well in sunny exhibitions.
It can tolerate temperatures of -12 ° C in winter, but can be damaged by late frosts in spring.
The fertilizeaza the end of winter with organic fertilizer.
Pomegranates contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, phosphorus, potassium, sodio, calcium, iron. The seeds contain Vitamin C.
Medicinal Properties: Astringent, antidiareic, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic antitermic, diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Parts used are bark, seeds of which can prepare infusions, syrups and decocturi.
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Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2003
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Evergreen shrub originating in Southern Ireland and Mediterranean regions, grows slowly, up to 3 to 10 m, reddish bark, young branches are red-hot, dense crown. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolata, 5-10 cm long, parties, except ribs smooth, glossy dark green, pinnate nervatiune. Flowers white to pale pink, sometimes stained with red, 5-10 mm long, campanulata, odorless, ready to panicule 5 cm long, anther clocks.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.
Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.
Tilia tomentosa - silver linden
Tree with dense crown, rich, 30 m high, with branches erect, rounded. Lujerii annual geniculati, brown-yellow, gray tomentosi with buds ovoid, with two external scales equal, also felt. At first bark is smooth and gray, mature form shallow longitudinal furrows.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.
Ilex perado - small tree, port pyramidal, evergreen. Originally from the Canary Islands, dense forests grow in the Aqua Garcia, in association with Apollonias barbujana, Arbutus canariensis, Laurus Azores, Myrsine canariensis, Ocotal foetens, Persea indica, Prunus Lusitania subsp. hixa, Visna mocanera.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Stachys palustris L. - marsh Jales
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome tuberizat, crawler. Stem erect, rarely branched, tetragon, dark pink-purple, with scrub edge stem, 30-120 cm tall. Caulinare upper leaves are Sesi, amplexicaule, narrow-lanceolata, evening and slightly wavy edge, basal leaves are short stalks.