02
Jan
2009
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.

Punica granatum

Small tree or shrub 2-8 m high and 4.5 m in diameter. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, oval-lanceolata, 3-8 cm long, dark green, glossy, autumn turns yellow-green. Flowers are grouped into the upper part of the shoot a year, calyx thick with 5.7 SEPA. Numerous stamens inserted in each tube calyx 3. Petals (point of crepe paper) have the same number sepalele, red-orange. Fruit spherical, with the exocarp (peel) thick, yellow or red, the seeds are covered with a flesh r axle, edible. Blooms in April and build in September-October.

Punica granatum is sensitive to heavy rain and high humidity of the land.

Pomegranates are propagated seedlings, the shoot or root, summer. Plants obtained from seeds do not keep the mother plant characteristics.

The soil should be well drained, without excess of lime. Grows well in sunny exhibitions.

It can tolerate temperatures of -12 ° C in winter, but can be damaged by late frosts in spring.

The fertilizeaza the end of winter with organic fertilizer.

Pomegranates contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, phosphorus, potassium, sodio, calcium, iron. The seeds contain Vitamin C.

Medicinal Properties: Astringent, antidiareic, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic antitermic, diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Parts used are bark, seeds of which can prepare infusions, syrups and decocturi.

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References

Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007

Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2003

Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002

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