Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.
Small tree or shrub 2-8 m high and 4.5 m in diameter. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, oval-lanceolata, 3-8 cm long, dark green, glossy, autumn turns yellow-green. Flowers are grouped into the upper part of the shoot a year, calyx thick with 5.7 SEPA. Numerous stamens inserted in each tube calyx 3. Petals (point of crepe paper) have the same number sepalele, red-orange. Fruit spherical, with the exocarp (peel) thick, yellow or red, the seeds are covered with a flesh r axle, edible. Blooms in April and build in September-October.
Punica granatum is sensitive to heavy rain and high humidity of the land.
Pomegranates are propagated seedlings, the shoot or root, summer. Plants obtained from seeds do not keep the mother plant characteristics.
The soil should be well drained, without excess of lime. Grows well in sunny exhibitions.
It can tolerate temperatures of -12 ° C in winter, but can be damaged by late frosts in spring.
The fertilizeaza the end of winter with organic fertilizer.
Pomegranates contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, phosphorus, potassium, sodio, calcium, iron. The seeds contain Vitamin C.
Medicinal Properties: Astringent, antidiareic, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic antitermic, diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Parts used are bark, seeds of which can prepare infusions, syrups and decocturi.
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Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2003
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Bush single, thorny, 2-4 m high. Branches long, arched, with many thorns collected 3; in young yellow, then brown, yellow-gray in old age. Yellow Wood. Leaves simple, outdated, short stalks; oblung language, dark green, glossy on top, the more open on the underside, edge finely toothed, are inserted into the beam to ascela thorns.
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Deciduu tree, 9-18 m high, crown iregulata, spherical, pyramid. Bark is thin, green, gray thorns present on the trunk and branches. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5-7 folio, folio elliptic, margin evening, nervatiune pinnate, green, autumn remain ever green. Flowers solitary, axillary, hermaphrodite, pentamere, actinomorfe, pink or white.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.