Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.
Small tree or shrub 2-8 m high and 4.5 m in diameter. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, oval-lanceolata, 3-8 cm long, dark green, glossy, autumn turns yellow-green. Flowers are grouped into the upper part of the shoot a year, calyx thick with 5.7 SEPA. Numerous stamens inserted in each tube calyx 3. Petals (point of crepe paper) have the same number sepalele, red-orange. Fruit spherical, with the exocarp (peel) thick, yellow or red, the seeds are covered with a flesh r axle, edible. Blooms in April and build in September-October.
Punica granatum is sensitive to heavy rain and high humidity of the land.
Pomegranates are propagated seedlings, the shoot or root, summer. Plants obtained from seeds do not keep the mother plant characteristics.
The soil should be well drained, without excess of lime. Grows well in sunny exhibitions.
It can tolerate temperatures of -12 ° C in winter, but can be damaged by late frosts in spring.
The fertilizeaza the end of winter with organic fertilizer.
Pomegranates contain vitamin B1, vitamin B2, phosphorus, potassium, sodio, calcium, iron. The seeds contain Vitamin C.
Medicinal Properties: Astringent, antidiareic, anti-inflammatory, anti-septic antitermic, diuretic, vermifuge, tonic. Parts used are bark, seeds of which can prepare infusions, syrups and decocturi.
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Debra Lee Baldwin - Designing with Succulents - Timber Press, 2007
Ivan A. Ross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2003
Michael A. Dirr - Dirr's Trees and Shrubs for Warm climates - Timber Press, 2002
Trees and shrubs
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Cutter paniculata L.
Cutter paniculata L. - shrub or small tree of between 3-12 m tall, native of north-eastern India, Bengal, and Andaman. Ritidom black-brown. Leaves alternate, oval-lanceolata, top acute, margin entire or slightly evening, glabra, 10-20 cm long, ribbed by 1-1.5 cm, pubescent; stipele linear-lanceolata, acuminata, pubescent
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Buxus sempervirens - evergreen shrub, native of northern Africa, Asia and Europe, up to 800 m altitude. Increases in rare deciduous forests on limestone substrates in sunny exhibition, in association with integerrimus Cotoneaster, Pyrus pyraster, Prunus spinosa and Amelanchier rotundifolia.
A new species of Lathyrus L. in Turkey
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Morinda citrifolia - originally from Queensland, Australia. The fruit is edible, from seeds to obtain oil insect repellent.