Scientific name - Quercus pubescens
Synonyms - apennina Quercus, Quercus brachyphylla Kotschy, Olivier infectoria Quercus, Quercus lanuginosa Thuill, Quercus virgiliana Ten.
Popular names - pubescent oak, bush toad, down Oak, Chen pubescent, roverella, Quercia pubescent.
Distribution and Habitat - natural habitat in Southern Europe, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean basin, grows in warm and dry from the hills and mountains up to 1200 m altitude.
Description - deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown. Leaves alternate, leather, 5-10 x 3.6 cm, oblong-ovata, top round, the cables emarginate, petiole, sinuous lobate or pinnate to pinnate fidate sides, 3-6 pairs of lobes, at first tomentoase on both sides, later glabrata on the upper face. Flowers unisexuat single, female flowers are grouped each 2-4, perianth with 3 3 elements gineceu sincarp, below. Blooming in May. Fruits are acorns Sesi or short pedunculate, with narrow achenes ovoid, acuminata and small cup of 0.8 to 1.5 cm high, small flakes ovat-lanceolata, tightly nested, flat or slightly curved, gray, pubescent.
Quercus pubescens subsp. Anatolia - originating in southwest Asia, southeast Europe;
Quercus pubescens subsp. palensis - originating in northern Spain.
Quercus pubescens subsp. pubescens - originating in central and southern Europe;
Longevity - 200 years.
Tolerances - drought and frost.
Requirements - species rustic, thermophilic, preferring calcareous soils, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
Propagation - by seed under greenhouse or shelter immediately after maturation.
Diseases and pests - Tortrix viridana, defolierea produce larvae, Lymantria disappear; Thaumetopoea processionaea, causing reduced production of acorns; Malacosoma neustriae, larvae feed on foliar parenchyma; Cerambix cerdo, adults feed on linfa, larvae dig galleries in the stem. Microsphaera alphitoides, covering the leaf surface with a white cloth, after which the leaves are dried.
Natural partners and Garden -- Abies alba, Acer monspessulanum, Betula sp., Carpinus orientalis, Erica sp., Fagus sylvatica, Ilex aquifolium, Juglans regia, Platanus orientalis, Quercus ilex, Vitex agnus-castus.
Properties and Uses - species of interest in forestry, wood grade, is to be used for firewood.
Bark contains tannin used in leather tabacitul.
It can be used as the tree line, in parks.
Gabriele Carraro - Observed Changes in Vegetation in Relation to Climate Warming - Verlag der Fachvereine Hochschulverlag, 1998
Maria Shahgedanova - The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia - OUP Oxford, 2003
Thomas Laslett - Timber and Forestry - Native and Foreign Trees - Home Farm Books, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Symphoricarpos - Hurmuz
Shrubs decide, prostate or erect, 90-120 cm, originating in the U.S.. Buds scaly, 1.5 mm long. Leaves simple, opposite, short petiolate, 7 cm long. Raceme blossom. Campanulata Flowers in raceme children. Calyx tube slightly globos; Corola campanulata, 4-5 lobes. Fruit drupe, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, S. albus and S. occidentalis fruits white, pink-coral S. orbiculatus fruit. A fruit contains two seeds oblongata.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.
Aquilegia fragrans - fragrant caldarea
Herbaceous perennial. Roots thin. Stem 30-100 cm tall, branched, slightly pubescent on the underside, becoming glandular-pubescent in the upper. Basal leaves bi or tri-Ternate, glauca, lobes 2-3-lobate, 1.5-4 x 1.5-4 cm, base cuneata, obovata, glabra green glauca and upper face, and pale green inside pubescent, hairy stalks.
Psidium araucanum is a new species discovered in southern Brazil
Genus Psidium L. is characterized by simple leaves, opposite, with nervatiune Pinata, flower solitary, axillary or Raceme small, large number of stamens arranged in spiral, ovary inferior.
Gardenia jasminoides - Gardenia
Shrub or small tree, growing 1-15 m tall. Leaves glossy, evergreen, opposite, coriacee, oval or elliptical, dark green, 7-10 cm long. Large solitary flowers, double or semiduble, white, 5.12 cm diameter. Bloom from May to September.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.