Scientific name - Quercus pubescens
Synonyms - apennina Quercus, Quercus brachyphylla Kotschy, Olivier infectoria Quercus, Quercus lanuginosa Thuill, Quercus virgiliana Ten.
Popular names - pubescent oak, bush toad, down Oak, Chen pubescent, roverella, Quercia pubescent.
Distribution and Habitat - natural habitat in Southern Europe, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean basin, grows in warm and dry from the hills and mountains up to 1200 m altitude.
Description - deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown. Leaves alternate, leather, 5-10 x 3.6 cm, oblong-ovata, top round, the cables emarginate, petiole, sinuous lobate or pinnate to pinnate fidate sides, 3-6 pairs of lobes, at first tomentoase on both sides, later glabrata on the upper face. Flowers unisexuat single, female flowers are grouped each 2-4, perianth with 3 3 elements gineceu sincarp, below. Blooming in May. Fruits are acorns Sesi or short pedunculate, with narrow achenes ovoid, acuminata and small cup of 0.8 to 1.5 cm high, small flakes ovat-lanceolata, tightly nested, flat or slightly curved, gray, pubescent.
Quercus pubescens subsp. Anatolia - originating in southwest Asia, southeast Europe;
Quercus pubescens subsp. palensis - originating in northern Spain.
Quercus pubescens subsp. pubescens - originating in central and southern Europe;
Longevity - 200 years.
Tolerances - drought and frost.
Requirements - species rustic, thermophilic, preferring calcareous soils, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
Propagation - by seed under greenhouse or shelter immediately after maturation.
Diseases and pests - Tortrix viridana, defolierea produce larvae, Lymantria disappear; Thaumetopoea processionaea, causing reduced production of acorns; Malacosoma neustriae, larvae feed on foliar parenchyma; Cerambix cerdo, adults feed on linfa, larvae dig galleries in the stem. Microsphaera alphitoides, covering the leaf surface with a white cloth, after which the leaves are dried.
Natural partners and Garden -- Abies alba, Acer monspessulanum, Betula sp., Carpinus orientalis, Erica sp., Fagus sylvatica, Ilex aquifolium, Juglans regia, Platanus orientalis, Quercus ilex, Vitex agnus-castus.
Properties and Uses - species of interest in forestry, wood grade, is to be used for firewood.
Bark contains tannin used in leather tabacitul.
It can be used as the tree line, in parks.
Gabriele Carraro - Observed Changes in Vegetation in Relation to Climate Warming - Verlag der Fachvereine Hochschulverlag, 1998
Maria Shahgedanova - The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia - OUP Oxford, 2003
Thomas Laslett - Timber and Forestry - Native and Foreign Trees - Home Farm Books, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Carica papaya - originally from Costa Rica, USA, tropical to temperate areas, up to 1500 m altitude.
The fruit contains protein, carbohydrates, potassium, phosphorus, vitamin A, vitamin C.
Caesalpinia gilliesii - a species native to temperate and subtropical regions of South America, grown on every continent as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, may naturalize in areas where the climate is favorable.
Menzies ferruginea Smith
Shrub 1-2 m tall, thin stalk, reddish brown, slightly pubescent, terminal buds in bouquets, bark red-brown to gray-brown, thin, becomes scaly. Leaves alternate, decidue, nervatiune pinnate, obovata-elliptic, 3-6 cm long, dark green on upper and pale green inside, margins entire or soirees.
Acacia anceps - evergreen shrub, 2-3 m tall. Originally from southern Australia, growing in limestone soils on coastal sand and red-brown sands.
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.