Scientific name - Quercus pubescens
Synonyms - apennina Quercus, Quercus brachyphylla Kotschy, Olivier infectoria Quercus, Quercus lanuginosa Thuill, Quercus virgiliana Ten.
Popular names - pubescent oak, bush toad, down Oak, Chen pubescent, roverella, Quercia pubescent.
Distribution and Habitat - natural habitat in Southern Europe, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean basin, grows in warm and dry from the hills and mountains up to 1200 m altitude.
Description - deciduous tree, native (Romania), 15 m high. The stem is often crooked, irregular. Crown rare, bright, large and irregular. Bark is thick, deeply wrinkled, forming a cracked ritidom in rectangular plates, dark brown. Leaves alternate, leather, 5-10 x 3.6 cm, oblong-ovata, top round, the cables emarginate, petiole, sinuous lobate or pinnate to pinnate fidate sides, 3-6 pairs of lobes, at first tomentoase on both sides, later glabrata on the upper face. Flowers unisexuat single, female flowers are grouped each 2-4, perianth with 3 3 elements gineceu sincarp, below. Blooming in May. Fruits are acorns Sesi or short pedunculate, with narrow achenes ovoid, acuminata and small cup of 0.8 to 1.5 cm high, small flakes ovat-lanceolata, tightly nested, flat or slightly curved, gray, pubescent.
Quercus pubescens subsp. Anatolia - originating in southwest Asia, southeast Europe;
Quercus pubescens subsp. palensis - originating in northern Spain.
Quercus pubescens subsp. pubescens - originating in central and southern Europe;
Longevity - 200 years.
Tolerances - drought and frost.
Requirements - species rustic, thermophilic, preferring calcareous soils, well drained, with exhibitions sunny.
Propagation - by seed under greenhouse or shelter immediately after maturation.
Diseases and pests - Tortrix viridana, defolierea produce larvae, Lymantria disappear; Thaumetopoea processionaea, causing reduced production of acorns; Malacosoma neustriae, larvae feed on foliar parenchyma; Cerambix cerdo, adults feed on linfa, larvae dig galleries in the stem. Microsphaera alphitoides, covering the leaf surface with a white cloth, after which the leaves are dried.
Natural partners and Garden -- Abies alba, Acer monspessulanum, Betula sp., Carpinus orientalis, Erica sp., Fagus sylvatica, Ilex aquifolium, Juglans regia, Platanus orientalis, Quercus ilex, Vitex agnus-castus.
Properties and Uses - species of interest in forestry, wood grade, is to be used for firewood.
Bark contains tannin used in leather tabacitul.
It can be used as the tree line, in parks.
Gabriele Carraro - Observed Changes in Vegetation in Relation to Climate Warming - Verlag der Fachvereine Hochschulverlag, 1998
Maria Shahgedanova - The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia - OUP Oxford, 2003
Thomas Laslett - Timber and Forestry - Native and Foreign Trees - Home Farm Books, 2008
Trees and shrubs
Ceiba pentandra - tree, native of tropical America, seen as a species cultivated in the Philippines, growing in arid regions,forests and grasslands from sea level to 1000 m altitude.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Lantana camara - aromatic shrub originating from Central and South America, cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens or as potted plant.
Laurus nobilis - on time and stay Greeks, laurel branches were used to make crowns for the heads of heroes, and to honor poets.
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Anchusa italica Retz. - Ox tongue, large miruta
Anchusa italica species is a perennial or biennial, erect stem, up to 150 cm high, much branched, rarely simple, hispida. Originally from the Mediterranean.
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.