Scientific name - Quillaja saponaria
For the first time was introduced in Britain in 1832 as a botanical specimen.
Synonyms - Quillaia poeppigii, Q. smegmadermos, Q. molinae, Smegmadermos emarginatus.
Popular names - Quillaia, kilaya, quillaja, soapbark tree, Murillo bark, Panama Wood, Bois de Panama.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America (Bolivia, Chile and Peru),
Description - evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - temperatures up to(-8 ͦ C) and drought if in its natural range.
Requirements - soil well drained, fertile, with exhibitions sunny or semi-shady.
Management - new growth may suffer from late frosts. Young plants should be offered protection against strong winds.
Propagation - by seeds in the greenhouse. The new plant is kept in the greenhouse one year. By cuttings, seedlings lignificati a year in November in the greenhouse.
Properties and Uses - bark contains 8-10% saponins, is a cruel and odorless.
Tintura obtained from Quillaja saponaria is recommended for shampoos against hair loss.
Quillaja saponaria is used as a reforestation species for soil arid and ornamental tree.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Quillaja saponaria used for over 100 years to extragerarea saponinelor. Saponinele leastrificate are used as an adjuvant for vaccines.
George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC, 1996
Gianfranco Patri - Plants in Cosmetics - Council of Europe, 2003
James A. Duke - Medicinal Plants of Latin America - CRC, 2008
K. Hostettmann, A. Marston - saponins - Cambridge University Press, 1995
Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC, 1993
W. Oleszek, A. Marston - saponins in Food, Feedstuffs and Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2000
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Evergreen shrub, 2-3 m high, stem thin, highly ramified, almost glabru. Leaves alternate, petiolate, membranous, paripenat compound, 2-3 pairs of folio; stipele linear, obsolete, or oblong-folio oblonga lanceolata, 5 x 1 cm, top acute or obtuse, base round and asymmetrical, the ventral green, glabra .
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit
Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.
Prunus laurocerasus L.
Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.
Aloe vera Mill.
Trees and shrubs
Deciduu or semi-evergreen shrub, prostrat, 50-150 cm tall and 1.2-1.8 m wide, often branched, with horizontal branches. Buds are pink opening spring. Suborbiculare or elliptical leaves, glossy dark green. The flowers are pink, small, almost Sesi, 1-2, anther white blooms in May-June, attracting bees.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.
Annona muricata is ornamental species. Fructul is edible as it is consumed fresh, as dessert, or mixed with ice cream or milk. Fruits containing vitamin B (0.07 mg/100g) and C (20 mg/100g), calcium and phosphorus.
Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks
Tussilago windbag - coltsfoot
From the Latin Tussilago tussis = cough on the plant's medicinal properties, windbag is the old name of poplar because of similarities between these species leaves.
Windbag Tussilago Tussilago is the only species of the genus.
Dioscorides, used potbal leaves as a substitute for tobacco, and to treat cough and asthma.
Lychnis coronaria - the king's beard, flower wedding
Herbaceous biennial. Stem erect, silvery-pubescent, simple or branched, 30-80 cm high. Basal leaves are petiolate, oblong-lanceolata, spatulate, 5-10 cm x 10-25 mm, margins entire, top acute, the caulinare are Sesi, oblong-ovata, Hirsute, 5.12 cm long. Blossom panic terminal peduncle 10 cm long
Tree. Stem thick, iregulat branched, 8-20 m high, small trunk with rough bark and dark, horizontal branches. Leaves opposite, dark green, elliptical language, 10-20 x 6.9 cm, the round, top round, margins entire, ribs parallel and perpendicular to the mid rib. Flowers in axillary Cime of 4-15 flowers blossom is white rachides cream, white flowers, 2.5 cm diameter and 0.8-1.4 cm long.
Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.