11
Sep
2009
Quillaja saponaria
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Quillaja saponaria

For the first time was introduced in Britain in 1832 as a botanical specimen.

Synonyms - Quillaia poeppigii, Q. smegmadermos, Q. molinae, Smegmadermos emarginatus.

Popular names - Quillaia, kilaya, quillaja, soapbark tree, Murillo bark, Panama Wood, Bois de Panama.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America (Bolivia, Chile and Peru),

Description - evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - temperatures up to(-8 ͦ C) and drought if in its natural range.

Requirements - soil well drained, fertile, with exhibitions sunny or semi-shady.

Management - new growth may suffer from late frosts. Young plants should be offered protection against strong winds.

Propagation - by seeds in the greenhouse. The new plant is kept in the greenhouse one year. By cuttings, seedlings lignificati a year in November in the greenhouse.

Properties and Uses - bark contains 8-10% saponins, is a cruel and odorless.

Tintura obtained from Quillaja saponaria is recommended for shampoos against hair loss.

Quillaja saponaria is used as a reforestation species for soil arid and ornamental tree.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

Quillaja saponaria used for over 100 years to extragerarea saponinelor. Saponinele leastrificate are used as an adjuvant for vaccines.

References

George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC, 1996

Gianfranco Patri - Plants in Cosmetics - Council of Europe, 2003

James A. Duke - Medicinal Plants of Latin America - CRC, 2008

K. Hostettmann, A. Marston - saponins - Cambridge University Press, 1995

Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC, 1993

W. Oleszek, A. Marston - saponins in Food, Feedstuffs and Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2000

See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear

Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks

 
Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear

 
Angelica archangel L. - Root Holy Spirit

Angelica, Arcangel, Angelica di Bohemia, archangel, wild celery, wild parsnip, bai zhi, engelwortel, Angélique, Angelika, Brustwurz, Chora, padaganghwal, erva do Espirito Santo, djagill, anschelika, Epiritu raiz del Santo, the root of the Holy Spirit.

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill

Scientific Name - Tilia cordata

Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..

Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c

Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.

Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.

 
Trees and shrubs
Camellia japonica

Evergreen ornamental plant of the Theaceae family, native from Eastern Asia, its origin is still controversial, being considered by some as species indigenous from Japonia and, by others, from China. It was introduced into Europe by the Portuguese in 1542 and soon spread to Spain, England, France and Italy; into United States at the beginning of the 18th century, and in Australia during the mid 19th century.

 
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore

Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.

 
Teline nervosa

Teline nervosa - endemic of the Canary Islands, rape increases from 650 to 700 m altitude, in association with Aeonium undulatum, Carlina salicifolia, Crambe pritzelii, Hypericum canariensis, Olea europaea subsp. cerasiformis, Sonchus leptocephalus.

 
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel

Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.

All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.

 
Jasminum nudiflorum Lindl.

Decidua species native to China. Green stems, 60-90 cm high, 1-2 m diameter, edges, form adventitious roots. Brownish-red buds, ovoizi. Decidue leaves, opposite, pinnate-compound, 3 leaflets oblong, Sesi. Flowers solitary, six petals, 1-2 cm in diameter. Flowering period from January to March, before leaf. Baca fruit, fleshy, ripening black.

 
Magnoliopsida
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan

Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.

 
Ajuga chamaepitys

Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.

 
Dasiphora fruticosa

Dasiphora fruticosa - deciduu shrub, native of Asia, grows on wet soils and wet rocks.

 
Hibiscus syriacus

Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.

 
Salvia nemorosa

Salvia nemorosa - perennial species, native to southeastern Europe, with an area richer in Carpatico-Danubian region, increases the arid grasslands of the plains up to 1000 m altitude.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links