11
Sep
2009
Quillaja saponaria
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Quillaja saponaria

For the first time was introduced in Britain in 1832 as a botanical specimen.

Synonyms - Quillaia poeppigii, Q. smegmadermos, Q. molinae, Smegmadermos emarginatus.

Popular names - Quillaia, kilaya, quillaja, soapbark tree, Murillo bark, Panama Wood, Bois de Panama.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in South America (Bolivia, Chile and Peru),

Description - evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

Growth rate - fast.

Tolerances - temperatures up to(-8 ͦ C) and drought if in its natural range.

Requirements - soil well drained, fertile, with exhibitions sunny or semi-shady.

Management - new growth may suffer from late frosts. Young plants should be offered protection against strong winds.

Propagation - by seeds in the greenhouse. The new plant is kept in the greenhouse one year. By cuttings, seedlings lignificati a year in November in the greenhouse.

Properties and Uses - bark contains 8-10% saponins, is a cruel and odorless.

Tintura obtained from Quillaja saponaria is recommended for shampoos against hair loss.

Quillaja saponaria is used as a reforestation species for soil arid and ornamental tree.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

Quillaja saponaria used for over 100 years to extragerarea saponinelor. Saponinele leastrificate are used as an adjuvant for vaccines.

References

George A. Burdock - Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives - CRC, 1996

Gianfranco Patri - Plants in Cosmetics - Council of Europe, 2003

James A. Duke - Medicinal Plants of Latin America - CRC, 2008

K. Hostettmann, A. Marston - saponins - Cambridge University Press, 1995

Maurice M. Iwu - Handbook of African Medicinal Plants - CRC, 1993

W. Oleszek, A. Marston - saponins in Food, Feedstuffs and Medicinal Plants - Springer, 2000

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