Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria
Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.
Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.
Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.
Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.
Growth rate – low growing.
Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.
Pest and Diseases –
Garden Partners –
Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.
‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.
Properties and Uses –
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.
Antennaria dioica - perennial species, growing on acid soils, deciduous and coniferous forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, from 100-2300 (rare 3100).
Leonotis Leonurus - a species native to southern Africa but cultivated throughout the world as ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Leonotis grecum derived from 'Leon' = lion, and 'Otis' = ear alluding to the shape of the corolla.
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa
Centaurea uniflora subsp. nervosa - originally from Northern Apennines, the Alps, south-eastern Carpathians and the Balkans. Hemicriptofita species, grows on dry meadows and rocky, limestone, from 1100 up to 2600 m altitude.
New species of Betula in China
Tree, strain 25 m high and 60 cm in diameter. Bark dark gray or gray-brown, longitudinal cracks and is exfoliating. Branches reddish brown or gray-brown, densely glandular Vilo and resin. Petiole 1.5-3.0 cm, densely dotted Vilos resin.
Calystegia sepium - rhizomatic herbaceous perennial, grows spontaneously throughout Europe and Asia, infesting herbaceous crops, grain, grow on the stems bush bush, from 0 to 1400 m altitude.
Plants with succulent stems, leaves and flowers unisexuate asymmetric, long pedunculate, grouped dichaziu terminal. ♂ flowers usually are obsolete, consisting of 4 petals oval, two of which are shorter, the ♀ consist of 4 petals equal, persistent.
Chrysosplenium alternifolium is a rare species that grows in damp and shady places.