Ranunculus ficaria
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria

Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.

Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.

Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.

Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.

Growth rate – low growing.

Tolerances –  

Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.


Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.

Pest and Diseases

Garden Partners

Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.

‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.

Properties and Uses



See also
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.

Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.

Nicotiana alata

Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

Petunia hybrida

Petunia hybrida - herbaceous, annual, used as an ornamental species in parks, gardens and terraces. Hybrid species derived from Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris by Atkins in 1834.

Sedum album

Sedum album - common species in mountain areas in Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, grows on limestone rocks, up to 2500 m altitude.

Lachenalia peersii

Genus name is given after the name of the Swiss professor of botany, Werner of Lachen.

Lachenalia is endemic in southern Africa with a wide distribution in south-western regions Namibia, Cape Province.

Mutisia subspinosa Cav.

Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel

Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak

Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.

Prunus laurocerasus L.

Shrub or small tree, 6 m high. Leaves evergreen, alternate, coriacee, lamina lanceolata-obovata, top acute, base cuneata, upper surface glossy green, the bottom is opaque, ribbed clear, ribbed robust short.

Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica

Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.

Cassia angustifolia

Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.

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