Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria
Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.
Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.
Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.
Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.
Growth rate – low growing.
Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.
Pest and Diseases –
Garden Partners –
Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.
‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.
Properties and Uses –
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger
Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.
Impatiens glandulifera - a species herbaceous annual. The genus name derives from the Latin 'impatient' = impatient, referring to the characteristic fruit to mature quickly open, releasing the seeds to great distances, and the specific name 'glandulifera' refers to small glands at the base of the petiole and foliar language .
Anemoides trifolia - geofita rizomatoasa, native to southern Europe, grows in forests and mountain collinear, hornbeam and beech.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.
Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
Perennial species in the area of origin, in other regions is annual, reaching up to 5-60 cm high, glabra, glauca. Stem branched, decumbenta. Leaves basal and caulinare, green-glauca, sectors, lobes linear or obluongi, glabra. Floriferi buds are obconici pick. Flowers solitary, peduncle of 5-15 cm long, calyx acute or acuminata, glabru, glauca; Corola consisting of 4 petals yellow-orange, 5 cm long, numerous stamens.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.