Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria
Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.
Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.
Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.
Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.
Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.
Growth rate – low growing.
Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.
Pest and Diseases –
Garden Partners –
Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.
‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.
Properties and Uses –
Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Stachys officinalis - a species native to Europe and the Caucasus, grass grows on soils, pastures arid and mountainous deciduous paduride collinear, from 0 to 1800 m altitude.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Nigella arvensis - annual species, increases samanaturi grain, plowing, sowing and road edge on clay or sandy soils, from plains to mountains.
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Salix reticulata is a shrub alpine areas grows, from 1800-2700 m altitude in association with Silene acaulis and Dryas octopetala.