20
Apr
2010
Ranunculus ficaria
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria

Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.

Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.

Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.

Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.

Growth rate – low growing.

Tolerances –  

Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.

Management

Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.

Pest and Diseases

Garden Partners

Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.

‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.

Properties and Uses

Curiosity

Bibliography 

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