20
Apr
2010
Ranunculus ficaria
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria

Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.

Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.

Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.

Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.

Growth rate – low growing.

Tolerances –  

Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.

Management

Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.

Pest and Diseases

Garden Partners

Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.

‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.

Properties and Uses

Curiosity

Bibliography 

Photos
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See also
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Tulipa

Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.

Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.

 
Physostegia virginiana

Physostegia virginiana - perennial species, rhizomatic, native to North America, grows on wet pastures.

Physostegia virginiana - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and public gardens.

 
Primula elatior

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Magnoliopsida
Bergen crassifolia (L.) Fritsch.

Herbaceous perennial forms a bush evergreen basal leaves, stems florifere up to 50 cm tall, dark purple. Leaves 25 cm wide, or elliptic obovata language, rim around the base cuneata, top obtuse, long petiole, 3-9 cm long. Panic blossom, flowers pink or dark pink open.

 
Lychnis flos-cuckoo - cuckoo flower

Lychnis flos-cuckoo - perennial species, native to Europe, Siberia and the Caucasus, grows spontaneously in grassy places, wet the edge of ponds, through meadows and wet meadows, from 0 to 1600 m altitude.

 
Cornus sanguinea

Cornus sanguinea grows throughout Europe, rarer in the north, in the thicket, forest edges and edges of streets, from plain to 1000 m altitude.

 
Thunberg mysorensis

Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.

 
Punica granatum - pomegranate

Genus Punica includes two species of shrubs or small trees, native of the Mediterranean region, North Africa, Iran, and Afghanistan. Leaves opposite, oval-lanceolata language around the edge. Flowers red-orange, yellow or white. Edible fruit.

 
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