20
Apr
2010
Ranunculus ficaria
Flowers | Magnoliopsida

Scientific Name – Ranunculus ficaria

Synonim – Ficaria degenii, Ficaria nudicaulis, Ficaria verna, Ficaria vulgaris.

Common name(s) – basicuta porcului, salata mielului, untisor, untul vacii, lesser celandine, pilewort, renoncule ficaire, ranuncolo favagello, carbockskraut, celidonia petita, petit chelidoine, Quelidonia, orsej jarni.

Distribution and Habitat – native to Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia, and naturalized in North America. Is characteristic of moist alluvial soils in forest floodplains. It also invades roadsides, lawns, and less frequently drier soils of open woodlands.

Description – herbaceous perennial. Tuberous roots present. Stems decumbent at the base, branched. Leaves stalked, broadly ovate or reniform, crenate or bluntly toothed. Peduncles much longer than the leaves. Sepals usually 3-6. Petals oblong, 8-12. Bloom in March and April. Achenes globular, attenuated at the base.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. bulbilifer.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. calthifolius.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficaria.

Ranunculus ficaria subsp. ficariiformis.

Growth rate – low growing.

Tolerances –  

Requirements – moist but well-drained soil.

Management

Propagation – by tuberous and by seeds.

Pest and Diseases

Garden Partners

Cultivars – ‘Brazen Hussy’ - black-purple foliage that provide remarkable contrast to the bright yellow flowers.

‘Flore Pleno Group’ – with full greenish yellow double flowers in early spring to early summer.

Properties and Uses

Curiosity

Bibliography 

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Oenothera biennis is a biennial species, native to North America, naturalized in southern Europe. It was introduced in Europe in 1614.


 
Phlox subulata

Semi-evergreen or evergreen species that cover the ground well. Leaves linear alternee or rosettes on stems, 1.5-2 cm long and 2 mm wide, Sesia, subulate. Cimoasa blossom or panic terminal flower formed of 3.9. Corola formed of 5 petals emarginate at top, obovata, 1 cm long, 5 mm wide, glabra, 1.3 cm long tube. 5 stamens, in the corolla tube of different heights.

 
Iberis sempervirens

Perennial species, 30 cm height, 60-90 cm diameter, forming a dense bush covering the ground well. Leaves linear-lanceolata, margin entire, shiny dark green, 2,5-4 cm long x 3.6 mm wide. Flowers white, 4 petals, blossom type corymb, 9 cm diameter, January-June period of prosperity. Fruit silicula, 7 mm long.

 
Magnoliopsida
Nicotiana alata

Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

 
Cucumis sativus L. - cucumber

Herbaceous annual, monoecious, climbing, 1-4 m. Leaves alternate, palmate-lobate, lobes acute and angulosi-toothed, 7-20 x 7-15 cm, scabrous, 5-20 cm long stalks. Flowers unisexuat-mono, pentamere, calyx Vilos, 5 sepa narrow-triangular, 0.5-1 cm long; Corola campanulata, yellow-gold petals 2 cm long

 
Fuchsia

Leaves opposite, or verticil every 3.5 leaves, simple, and with the parties they lanceolata, 1-25 cm long, evergreen or decidue. Flower swing; 4 sepa long, thin, short petals 4, ovary inferior. Fruit 5-25 mm, green-reddish, red or purple, edible. Seeds numerous.

 
Gazania

Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.

 
Mammillaria tlalocii

Mammillaria tlalocii 'caespitosa' - cactus global branch at the base. Tulpuna spherical, time becomes columnara, 20 x 7 cm. 16-22 thorns radial, 1-2 mm long. 2.4 spin central, 6-10 mm long, dark brown. Flower pink-carmine, 12-14 x 8-10 mm.

 
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