Scientific Name - Reseda lutea
Synonyms - Maire nainii Reseda, Reseda Pourret ramosissima ex Willd.
Popular names - St Mary's lap, recall, rosette wild common Reseda, amorino giallo, guaderella, Erba gialla, gualdon, Reseda Amarilla.
Distribution and Habitat - originated in Europe, it grows on basic soils, fields, dry ribs, from 0 to 2000 m altitude.
Description - herbaceous annual, papilla or glabrous. Stems erect or ascending, 30-80 cm tall, branched from the base. Leaves alternate, the basal trifid, the middle double-fidate Ternate or 2-3 pinnate, the upper trifid with segments linear to lanceolate, margins wavy. Inflorescence raceme terminal, at first short, later elongated hermaphrodite flowers. Bracts obsolete. Peduncle 2-7 mm. Sepals 6, linear, unequal. Petals 6, greenish yellow, 3 mm, longer than sepals, obsolete, the superioare trilobite, with middle lobe linear, lower and narrower. Stamens 20, filaments filiform, with short hairs. Blooms in May and September. Oblonga fruit capsule ovate, 6-12 x 4.5-5.5 mm, erect, cropped top, with three short teeth. Seeds oval, smooth, glossy, dark brown.
Curiosity - Reseda luteola species is like having entire leaves and flowers with four petals.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Calendula officinalis L. - marigold
Stem herbaceous, 20-50 cm tall, branched, erect. Leaves alternate, rib main evidence and glandular hairs, nervatiune pinnate, basal leaves are oblong-lanceolata, 8-14 x 4-5 cm, Sesia, the reniforma, margin entire, apex round upper leaf stalks are short, narrow lanceolata, 5 x 1.4 cm.
Bush or undergrowth, 30-60 cm. Leaves petiolate, oblong-elliptic, entire, 25-30 x 7-10 cm, spiny-toothed, crenate or sinuous lobate, grooved records and white ribs. Blossom terminal or axillary, pyramidal spike. Flowers Sesi, yellow bractei large to ovata lanceolata. Calyx 8-10 mm. Corola yellow, 3.8-5 cm, corolla tube 3-3.5 cm, upper petal is erect, about 8 mm, biloba, lower petal is tri-lobate
Legousia speculum-veneris - Venus looking-glass
French botanist Legousia is dedicated Legouz name of Garland, founder of the botanical gardens in Digione 1773; speculum-veneris = mirror of Venus because of the corolla form.
Speculum-Veneris Legousia can become invasive of cereal fields.
Bush deciduu, wood. Iregulata crown, branches couples glabra, 4-5 m high. Leaves alternate, simple, rough, 12 x 2-4 cm long, the upper part at first is tomentoasa then becomes glabra, opaque green, the underside is silver viloasa easy.
Tithonia rotundifolia - annual species, native to Mexico and Central Aerica, cultivated as ornamental species.
Annual U.S. glabra slightly pubescent. Stem erect, branched, 10-50 cm high. Stipelate leaves, opposite, 1.5-5 cm, ovata lanceolata or elliptic, margin crenat-evening, petiole 0.2-1.5 cm. Dioecious, occasionally monoecious.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.