Scientific name - Ribes uva-crispa
Synonyms - Ribes grossularia L. Grossularia uva-crispa (L.) Mill.
Popular names - sour, white wood strawberries, grapes bear, royal grape, uva Crispin, Grossularia
Distribution and Habitat - originally from North Africa, Europe to the Caucasus. Grows in mixed forests and forest edge. Environments prefer cool, moist in the shade or semi-shade, rich in nitrogenous substances.
Description - thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks, bright green on the upper side, more open bottom, becoming yellow-red autumn, a bitter taste. Flowers monoecious, hermaphrodite, grouped 3 each stalk, calyx galben-green or brown-red, 0.5 cm, reflexes, Corola campanulata, 5 green and white petals. Blooms in April-May. Baca Fruit oval, 1 cm diameter, yellow-green or reddish, fleshy, edible. Seeds ovat-elliptical, 2.5-3.6 x 1.5-2 mm mat surface or slightly glossy, dark purple. 2n = 16
Growth rate --
Tolerances - ͦ temperatures to -30 C. Not tolerate hot and dry summers.
Requirements - fertile, well-drained, pH 6.5, semi-shaded.
Management - do not require fertilization. Mulcirea apply each spring. It clipped every year, Summer, 5 leaves, the shearing and all diseased branches and dried.
Propagation - are planted at 1.2-1.6 m distance between plants.
Diseases and pests - Botrytis sp., Afidele, birds.
Properties and Uses - The fruit contains vitamins A, B, C, potassium.
Fruits have share itfocused and diuretic. 100-300 g SUV Ribes uva-crispa / day, 2-3 times, morning and noon.
Flowers rich in nectar are important for species of bees Andraena tybialis.
Bellis perennis L. - bucks
Herbaceous perennial, prostrata, pubescent, 12-20 cm high. Rhizome short, fibrous roots. Leaves arranged in basal rosette, the surface covered with glandular hairs; language spatulate, crenata edge, rib median obvious, ribbed wing. Inflorescences solitary, 1.5-3 cm in diameter, involucre 3.8 mm high, bracts ovata or oval
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Capparis spinosa L. - caper
Undergrowth, with root wood and lignificate stems at the base, erect in the basal portions. Leaves alternate, two stipele turned into thorns, persistent or obsolete, short stalks, oval or subrotund language, edge entire, flashy, green-glauca. Flowers solitary, peduncle long in upper leaf axilla; calyx of 4 sepa green, Corola of 4 white petals, stamens many red-purple color.
Trees and shrubs
Cassia angustifolia - ornamental shrub, belongs to the family Fabaceae, native of northern Africa.
Liana Wood, single, semi-evergreen, perennial. Strain gray-brown with prominent lenticele. Leaves alternate, palmately-compound, 5 folio ribbed stipelate. Oblonga call to Foliolele ovat-elliptic, the round, ribbed 4.5 to 10 cm long. Raceme axillary blossom, clocks, male flowers are arranged terminal
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Robinia pseudoacacia - Acacia
Tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn.
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Herbaceous perennial, rhizome cylindrical. Reddish stem, 80-100 cm tall, easy hirsuta-pubescent, branched. Leaves alternate, petiolare, lanceolata-ovata, margine evening, slightly pubescent; to the top of the stem leaves are Sesi.
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
The new species of Chirita (Gesneriaceae) from Yunnan, China