Scientific name - Robinia pseudoacacia
Popular names - Black Locust, Robinia,
Distribution and Habitat - originating from New York to Minnesota, south Virginier, South Dakota, and Oklahoma.
Description - tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn. Raceme blossom, 12-30 flowers papilionate, fragrant, flower 1.8-2 cm long; rachides green, 8-20 cm long. Peduncle 7.9 x 0.5-1 mm, reddish green. Calyx green, 5 sepa united at the base, lobes 2 mm, acute. Corola white; vexilum (stindard or upper petal) 1.6 cm, with a yellow-green stain on the middle, wings (lateral petals) 1.6-1.8 x 0.5-0.6 cm; hull is made of 2 petals joined to the top, top, yellow-green, protects the stamens and ovary , 10 stamens, 1.5-2 cm long, pale yellow pollen, ovary superior, 1.5 cm, style 0.7-0.8 cm, pubescent. Fruit pods
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - alkaline soils, drought, wind and cold.
Requirements - grow on soils rich in humus, well drained, neutral to acidic, in full sun or semiumbra.
Management - skims needs to form a strong structure.
Propagation - by seed from March to May.
Diseases and pests - Aglaospora anomala, Diaporthe oncostoma, Nectria galligena. Controlling these diseases is by trimming the parties concerned.
Phytophthora parasitica can attack plants 1-3 weeksgrown in greenhouses.
Cladosporium epiphyllum, Cylindrosporium solitarium, Gloeosporium revolutum, Phleospora robiniae and Phyllosticta robiniae are fungi that cause black spots on leaves.
Megacyllene robiniae, adults feed on pollen.
Odontota dorsalis attack leaves in May.
Natural partners and Garden - Sambucus nigra.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Decaisneana' and 'Idaho' - pink flowers growing, 'Crispi' and 'Inermis' - growing without thorns, 'Aurea', 'dissect', 'Frisia', 'macrophylla' and 'Unifolia' - growing with foliage variegata.
Properties and Uses - all parts of the plant in non-toxic flower. Bark is poisonous to horses, cattle, sheep and paDomestic jump.
Fruits attract birds and squirrels.
Aqueous extracts of flowers, were slightly alkaline reaction, tamponeaza excess stomach acid. Use only dry flowers without flower rahisyl the form of infusion, a spoon into a cup with water, can drink 2.3 cups per day.
Of acacia flowers can make pancakes. Flowers without flower axis, rinse well and put the drained on a towel. It makes the dough for pancakes and add acacia flowers. Bon appetite!
Myth, Legend and Folklore - bark in traditional medicine, was used to hiperaciditatea stomach in gastric and duodenal ulcers, and purgative.
Harmount Arthur Graves - Illustrated Guide to Trees and Shrubs - Dover Publications in 1992
Bojor Ovidiu - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternativesives are Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
Guy Sternberg, James W. Wilson, Jim Wilson - Native Trees for North American Landscapes - Timber Press, 2004
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
John W. Everest, Thomas A. Powe, John D. Freeman - Poisonous Plants of the Southwest United States
Trees and shrubs
Albizzia julibrissin - cultivated as ornamental species in parks and gardens, in groups of three, or street alignments.
Genus was named by Antonio Duranzzini, in 1772 by Italian Filippo degli Albizzi.
Punica granatum - pomegranate
Dovyalis caffra - kei-apple
Dovyalis caffra - fruit edible, with a high vitamin C content (80-120 mg/g), potassium (600 mg), and makes an excellent jam.
Acacia sieberiana - tree, 3-25 m tall, rounded crown. Increase in savannah, in semi-arid regions of Africa, from 0-1850 m altitude.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Malus floribunda Siebold
Deciduu tree of 4.10 m high, native of Japan. Bark smooth, red-brown to gray on older branches is gray-brown. Floriferi buds are red. Leaves ovat-elliptic, alternate, deeply marigini soirees, ribbed, dark green in summer, yellow fall, 4-8 cm long, pinnate nervatiune.
Fraxinus excelsior - Ash
Deciduu tree, 30-40 m high, stem right, branched at the top, crown ovoid, large and rare. A young bark is smooth, light gray green and mature forms at the thick crust with a small crack, dark color. Lujerii round, flattened at the bud, glabra, green-olive trees, with dark buds.
Hibiscus syriacus - shrub to 3 m high, native of India and China, naturalized in southern Europe. cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and public gardens, the street alignments or as hedges.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.