Scientific name - Robinia pseudoacacia
Popular names - Black Locust, Robinia,
Distribution and Habitat - originating from New York to Minnesota, south Virginier, South Dakota, and Oklahoma.
Description - tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn. Raceme blossom, 12-30 flowers papilionate, fragrant, flower 1.8-2 cm long; rachides green, 8-20 cm long. Peduncle 7.9 x 0.5-1 mm, reddish green. Calyx green, 5 sepa united at the base, lobes 2 mm, acute. Corola white; vexilum (stindard or upper petal) 1.6 cm, with a yellow-green stain on the middle, wings (lateral petals) 1.6-1.8 x 0.5-0.6 cm; hull is made of 2 petals joined to the top, top, yellow-green, protects the stamens and ovary , 10 stamens, 1.5-2 cm long, pale yellow pollen, ovary superior, 1.5 cm, style 0.7-0.8 cm, pubescent. Fruit pods
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - alkaline soils, drought, wind and cold.
Requirements - grow on soils rich in humus, well drained, neutral to acidic, in full sun or semiumbra.
Management - skims needs to form a strong structure.
Propagation - by seed from March to May.
Diseases and pests - Aglaospora anomala, Diaporthe oncostoma, Nectria galligena. Controlling these diseases is by trimming the parties concerned.
Phytophthora parasitica can attack plants 1-3 weeksgrown in greenhouses.
Cladosporium epiphyllum, Cylindrosporium solitarium, Gloeosporium revolutum, Phleospora robiniae and Phyllosticta robiniae are fungi that cause black spots on leaves.
Megacyllene robiniae, adults feed on pollen.
Odontota dorsalis attack leaves in May.
Natural partners and Garden - Sambucus nigra.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Decaisneana' and 'Idaho' - pink flowers growing, 'Crispi' and 'Inermis' - growing without thorns, 'Aurea', 'dissect', 'Frisia', 'macrophylla' and 'Unifolia' - growing with foliage variegata.
Properties and Uses - all parts of the plant in non-toxic flower. Bark is poisonous to horses, cattle, sheep and paDomestic jump.
Fruits attract birds and squirrels.
Aqueous extracts of flowers, were slightly alkaline reaction, tamponeaza excess stomach acid. Use only dry flowers without flower rahisyl the form of infusion, a spoon into a cup with water, can drink 2.3 cups per day.
Of acacia flowers can make pancakes. Flowers without flower axis, rinse well and put the drained on a towel. It makes the dough for pancakes and add acacia flowers. Bon appetite!
Myth, Legend and Folklore - bark in traditional medicine, was used to hiperaciditatea stomach in gastric and duodenal ulcers, and purgative.
Harmount Arthur Graves - Illustrated Guide to Trees and Shrubs - Dover Publications in 1992
Bojor Ovidiu - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternativesives are Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
Guy Sternberg, James W. Wilson, Jim Wilson - Native Trees for North American Landscapes - Timber Press, 2004
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
John W. Everest, Thomas A. Powe, John D. Freeman - Poisonous Plants of the Southwest United States
Trees and shrubs
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Evergreen shrub, 1.2 m high. Strain with 4 edges. Leaves opposite, membranous, soft, dark green upper side and reddish on the underside, nervatiune obvious, limb oblong-lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, base cuneata, 8-12 x 20-30 cm. Cime axillary inflorescences. Calyx with 4 SEPA.
Daphne mezereum - spurge Laurel
Daphne mezereum - deciduu shrub, native of Europe and Western Asia, cultivated as an ornamental shrub.
All species of the genus Daphne are toxic. Contact with fruit juice or resin skin irritation.
Thunbergia alata - black-eyed Susan
Thunberg spelled - a species native to tropical Africa, but common as ornamental plants.
Lonicera xylosteum - shrub originating from Europe, the Caucasus and Siberia, growing at the edge of deciduous forests, from lowland to 1600 m altitude. They prefer warm places and limestone associated with Cornus sanguinela, Ligustrum vulgare, Prunus padus and Rubus idaeus.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Cardamine bulbifera - herbaceous species, perennial. Hailing from Europe and Asia Minor, grow on fertile soils, limestone, 200 to 1800 m altit., In association with Coryllus avellana, Carpinus betulus, Crataegus laevigata, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, ursinum Allium, Carex pendula, Hyacinthoides non- scripta, Mercurialis perennis, Lamiastrum galeobdolon.
Geranium pratense - beak stork
Herbaceous perennial, stems pubescent, erect, branched dichotomy. Leaves opposite, the parties to lobate-acute, 5-7 lobed, margin evening. Flowers symmetric radiator Corola blue-purple, 5 petals obovata, 2 cm, 5 sepa lanceolata, mucronata, ovary superior, 10 stamens united at the base. Blooms in June-August.