Scientific name - Robinia pseudoacacia
Popular names - Black Locust, Robinia,
Distribution and Habitat - originating from New York to Minnesota, south Virginier, South Dakota, and Oklahoma.
Description - tree, 25 m high, crown iregulata, oval, open. Maroni stalk, thin, tomato-brown of thorns present 1.5-2.5 cm long. Small buds superimposed. Leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, 7-19 folio elliptical, obovata, opposite, entire edge, nervatiune pinnate, 4-5 cm long, green or green glauca, are yellow in autumn. Raceme blossom, 12-30 flowers papilionate, fragrant, flower 1.8-2 cm long; rachides green, 8-20 cm long. Peduncle 7.9 x 0.5-1 mm, reddish green. Calyx green, 5 sepa united at the base, lobes 2 mm, acute. Corola white; vexilum (stindard or upper petal) 1.6 cm, with a yellow-green stain on the middle, wings (lateral petals) 1.6-1.8 x 0.5-0.6 cm; hull is made of 2 petals joined to the top, top, yellow-green, protects the stamens and ovary , 10 stamens, 1.5-2 cm long, pale yellow pollen, ovary superior, 1.5 cm, style 0.7-0.8 cm, pubescent. Fruit pods
Growth rate - fast.
Tolerances - alkaline soils, drought, wind and cold.
Requirements - grow on soils rich in humus, well drained, neutral to acidic, in full sun or semiumbra.
Management - skims needs to form a strong structure.
Propagation - by seed from March to May.
Diseases and pests - Aglaospora anomala, Diaporthe oncostoma, Nectria galligena. Controlling these diseases is by trimming the parties concerned.
Phytophthora parasitica can attack plants 1-3 weeksgrown in greenhouses.
Cladosporium epiphyllum, Cylindrosporium solitarium, Gloeosporium revolutum, Phleospora robiniae and Phyllosticta robiniae are fungi that cause black spots on leaves.
Megacyllene robiniae, adults feed on pollen.
Odontota dorsalis attack leaves in May.
Natural partners and Garden - Sambucus nigra.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Decaisneana' and 'Idaho' - pink flowers growing, 'Crispi' and 'Inermis' - growing without thorns, 'Aurea', 'dissect', 'Frisia', 'macrophylla' and 'Unifolia' - growing with foliage variegata.
Properties and Uses - all parts of the plant in non-toxic flower. Bark is poisonous to horses, cattle, sheep and paDomestic jump.
Fruits attract birds and squirrels.
Aqueous extracts of flowers, were slightly alkaline reaction, tamponeaza excess stomach acid. Use only dry flowers without flower rahisyl the form of infusion, a spoon into a cup with water, can drink 2.3 cups per day.
Of acacia flowers can make pancakes. Flowers without flower axis, rinse well and put the drained on a towel. It makes the dough for pancakes and add acacia flowers. Bon appetite!
Myth, Legend and Folklore - bark in traditional medicine, was used to hiperaciditatea stomach in gastric and duodenal ulcers, and purgative.
Harmount Arthur Graves - Illustrated Guide to Trees and Shrubs - Dover Publications in 1992
Bojor Ovidiu - Guide to Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A to Z - Fiat Lux, 2003
C. Colston Burrell - Native Alternativesives are Invasive Plants - Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2006
Guy Sternberg, James W. Wilson, Jim Wilson - Native Trees for North American Landscapes - Timber Press, 2004
John R. Hartman, Thomas P. Piron, Mary Ann Sall - Piron's Tree Maintenance - Oxford University Press, 2000
John W. Everest, Thomas A. Powe, John D. Freeman - Poisonous Plants of the Southwest United States
Trees and shrubs
Canarina canariensis - herbaceous, commutes glaucescenta. Endemic from the Canary Islands, Tenerife, grows at the edge of forests, from 300 to 1000 m altitude.
Alnus cordata - alder of Corsica
Alnus cordata is a deciduuous tree, native to Italy and Corsica, occurs naturally in poorly drained soils, in semi-shade. The plant can tolerate maritime exposure, dry conditions as well as a dusty atmosphere. Is cultivated as ornamental trees in gardens and parks.
Diospyros kaki L. - Khaki
Monoecious tree, 6-12 m high. Trunk erect, conical crown, brown bark is exfoliating in small plates. Leaves fell, coriacee, alternate, language oval-elliptic, margin entire, top acuminata, the attenuated, shiny green on top and pubescent towards the bottom, 7-20 x 4.10 cm, petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Erica canaliculata - shrub originating from South Africa, used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens.
Cyphomandra betacea - small tree, native of Peru and Chile, in tropical forests, at 700-2000 m altitude. It is grown in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela and New Zealand for its edible fruit, or ornamental tree. Fruits can be eaten cooked or raw in salads and desserts. It is shown that the seeds and skin to be removed. Fruits contain protein, vitamin C and E, vitamin A.
Eryngium campestre - rostogol
Eryngium campestre - a species native to Central and S, V Asia, grows on rocky places, sandy in dry meadows and pastures, along roads.
Linum viscosum - increases in floor and alpine mountain in southern Europe, from Iberia to the Balkans, the arid grasslands and bushes, the limestone bedrock, from plain to 1600 m altitude.
Nigella sativa L.
Nigella sativa - annual species, native to the Mediterranean, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Caucasus, western Asia, India and North Africa.
It was used by Greeks to treat congestion agipteni and nose, toothaches, headaches, abdominal pains, rheumatism, and as a diuretic.
Thunberg grandiflora Roxb.
Perennials, voluble. Stem thin, green, 2 m height. Leaves opposite, language ovat-lanceolata, acuminata peak, the cordata, margin entire, lobate or iregulat needle, 15 x 10 cm, short stalks, 3.5 ribs. Blue flowers with yellow, white on the outside, 8 x 8 cm, arranged in bouquets with individual pedicel 4-5 cm long, corolla tube 3 cm long