Scientific name - Rosa gallia L.
Popular names - rosa rossa, french rose, red rose officinale.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in central and southern Europe to Iraq. It was found in Turkey, on the dunes.
Description - shrub, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, upper surface glossy glabra and lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs, stalks linear stipele has two wings. Flowers solitary, stalk, receptacle and sepalelor external surface are covered with glandular hairs, and long-5 sepa lanceolata acuminata, some are simple others appear side, 5 dark red petals and I taso, stamens numerous. Blooms in June-July.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - temperatures up to -25 ° C.
Propagation - the seeds germinate after two years. To shorten this period of germination, stratify semintete is for 2-3 weeks in moist peat at 27-32 ° C. Keep at 3 ° C for another 4 months, while you can germinate. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati in July in the shaded greenhouse, they need about 12 months to be ready for transplanting in place permanently.
Culture - grows on well-drained soils in full sun.
Cultivars and varieties - 'versicolor', R. o. var. officinalis.
Properties and Uses - petals flavoring properties, digestive, astringent, anti-inflammatory.
Petals are collected in May-June. Dry in the shade, in well-ventilated, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Rosa gallia is used in the perfume and cosmetic products in the pharmaceutical industry is used as flavoring preparations with bad taste.
Petals are astringent and digestive disorders.
Internal use - an infusion of petals - 1-2 g in 100 ml water. Two to three cups a day.
External use - infusion of polyethyleneof - 3.6 g in 100 ml water. To gargle, wash and compresses the lips and mouth.
Tincture Vinoasă - 10 g in 100 ml white wine, place it soak for 5 days. It compresses the irritated area.
Myth, legend and folklore - has been cultivated by the Greeks and Romans, and was common in medieval gardens.
Trees and shrubs
Thunberg mysorensis is used as an ornamental species for rapid growth and flowers arranged in raceme. Blooms in July-September.
Ribes uva-crispa - agris, grapes bear
Thorny shrub, 1 m high. Gray-brown bark is exfoliating. Rich stem branched divaricata. Branches long, thin, gray-brown with yellow top, pubescent glabrata in youth and adulthood. Leaves simple, cordiforme, 3-5 lobed, toothed, long stalks
Flourensia cernua - tarbush
Flourensia cernua is deciduous shrub, from Chihuahuan Desert. In northern Mexico, the leaves and flower heads were used historically to make a decoction for treating indigestion.
Spartium junceum - native to the Canary Islands and Mediterranean Basin, grows in arid places, ground limestone, from plain to 600-2000 m, in association with Quercus pubescens, Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus, Cotinus coggygria.
Mutisia subspinosa Cav.
Undergrowth voluble, 2-3 m long. Strain poorly ramified, glabra, wavy, yellow-green, 3-wing, green wing, needle-spin, axillary buds are white tomentosi. Leaves alternate, Sesia, language hasta, 8-10 x 0.6-1.3 cm, green, toothed margins, 10-14 pairs of teeth mucronata, long-attenuated peak and ended with a Carcel
Pachira aquatica growing naturally along rivers in Central and South America. Is cultivated in world wide like ornamental, in hedges or solitary. Resistant to drought anf flooding.
The seeds of P. aquatica are delicious raw, boiled or roasted. Young leaves and flowers are also edible. The seeds are high in protein and edible oil.
Dianthus carthusianorum - carnation field
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, simple or branched, 25-65 cm, glabra. Leaves opposite, lamina linear-spatulate, 3-13 cm, green edges glabrata. Blossom dense, 4-15 flowers; bractei lanceolata, equal to or greater than the calyx, herbaceous, 4-6 bracteole, brown, oblong-obovata. Pedicel 0.1-2 mm.
Hebe x franciscana
Hebe x franciscana - evergreen shrub, up to 1.5 m tall.
Hebe x franciscana is a hybrid of Hebe speciosa Hebe from New Zealand and Elliptic.
Morus nigra - mulberry tree
The fruit of Morus nigra contain 9% sugar, organic acids, pectin, tannin, vitamins A and C, minerals and other substances. Berries can be eaten raw or dried, in puddings, jams, or sauce.