Scientific name - Rosa gallia L.
Popular names - rosa rossa, french rose, red rose officinale.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in central and southern Europe to Iraq. It was found in Turkey, on the dunes.
Description - shrub, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, upper surface glossy glabra and lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs, stalks linear stipele has two wings. Flowers solitary, stalk, receptacle and sepalelor external surface are covered with glandular hairs, and long-5 sepa lanceolata acuminata, some are simple others appear side, 5 dark red petals and I taso, stamens numerous. Blooms in June-July.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - temperatures up to -25 ° C.
Propagation - the seeds germinate after two years. To shorten this period of germination, stratify semintete is for 2-3 weeks in moist peat at 27-32 ° C. Keep at 3 ° C for another 4 months, while you can germinate. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati in July in the shaded greenhouse, they need about 12 months to be ready for transplanting in place permanently.
Culture - grows on well-drained soils in full sun.
Cultivars and varieties - 'versicolor', R. o. var. officinalis.
Properties and Uses - petals flavoring properties, digestive, astringent, anti-inflammatory.
Petals are collected in May-June. Dry in the shade, in well-ventilated, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Rosa gallia is used in the perfume and cosmetic products in the pharmaceutical industry is used as flavoring preparations with bad taste.
Petals are astringent and digestive disorders.
Internal use - an infusion of petals - 1-2 g in 100 ml water. Two to three cups a day.
External use - infusion of polyethyleneof - 3.6 g in 100 ml water. To gargle, wash and compresses the lips and mouth.
Tincture Vinoasă - 10 g in 100 ml white wine, place it soak for 5 days. It compresses the irritated area.
Myth, legend and folklore - has been cultivated by the Greeks and Romans, and was common in medieval gardens.
Trees and shrubs
Rosa moschata 'Mozart'
Rosa moschata 'Mozart' is an antique rose, used as an ornamental species, solitary or in groups of 2-4 plants.
Evergreen shrub. Branches erect. Leaves green, alternate or subverticilate, 6-21 x 2.5 cm, limb oblong, coriaceu, top acuminata, edge entire, nervatiune pinnate. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, small flowers, hermaphrodite
African Sparmannia - shrub or small tree, native of southern Africa, as a species grown across the globe or outdoor ornamental pot.
Genus belongs to the Malvaceae, tribe Malvavisceae, which is characterized by a number of corporate sites is double that of carpelelor.
Ceratonia siliqua L.
Dioecious tree, 8 meters high. Body iregulat, erect with the latita. Gray-brown bark with longitudinal fissures. Vast and dense crown. The branches are fine young tomentoase become glabrata with timpu. Leaves persistent, alternate, paripenat-compound, with 2.5 pairs of Folio, ovata, coriacee, margin entire, glossy dark green on the upper
Tilia platyphyllos - Large-leaved Linden
Tilia platyphyllos - thermophilic species, grows only in plain and low hills, Europe and western Asia.
Large-leaved Linden, used as decorative trees in parks, and street alignments.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.
Primula elatior - perennial species, rizomatoasa, originally from Europe to western Asia, growing in mountain areas, pay attention in forests up to 1500 m altitude.
Orobanche portoiliciana A. Pujadas & MB Crespo
Herbaceous species, stem 15-34 cm tall neramificata air, branched underground stem. Thin air stem, 7-12 mm diameter base, whitish at first glabra, glandular Vilos-time, 0.3 mm long hairs. Basal leaves 4.10 x 4.8 mm, triangulation until lanceolata, nested, leaves stems 8-14 x 2-5 mm length