Scientific name - Rosa gallia L.
Popular names - rosa rossa, french rose, red rose officinale.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in central and southern Europe to Iraq. It was found in Turkey, on the dunes.
Description - shrub, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, upper surface glossy glabra and lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs, stalks linear stipele has two wings. Flowers solitary, stalk, receptacle and sepalelor external surface are covered with glandular hairs, and long-5 sepa lanceolata acuminata, some are simple others appear side, 5 dark red petals and I taso, stamens numerous. Blooms in June-July.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - temperatures up to -25 ° C.
Propagation - the seeds germinate after two years. To shorten this period of germination, stratify semintete is for 2-3 weeks in moist peat at 27-32 ° C. Keep at 3 ° C for another 4 months, while you can germinate. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati in July in the shaded greenhouse, they need about 12 months to be ready for transplanting in place permanently.
Culture - grows on well-drained soils in full sun.
Cultivars and varieties - 'versicolor', R. o. var. officinalis.
Properties and Uses - petals flavoring properties, digestive, astringent, anti-inflammatory.
Petals are collected in May-June. Dry in the shade, in well-ventilated, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Rosa gallia is used in the perfume and cosmetic products in the pharmaceutical industry is used as flavoring preparations with bad taste.
Petals are astringent and digestive disorders.
Internal use - an infusion of petals - 1-2 g in 100 ml water. Two to three cups a day.
External use - infusion of polyethyleneof - 3.6 g in 100 ml water. To gargle, wash and compresses the lips and mouth.
Tincture Vinoasă - 10 g in 100 ml white wine, place it soak for 5 days. It compresses the irritated area.
Myth, legend and folklore - has been cultivated by the Greeks and Romans, and was common in medieval gardens.
Trees and shrubs
Quercus robur - oak, Tufan
native trees (Romania), robust 50 m high, 1-2 m stem diameter, crown wide, irregular. Ritidom dark brown, deep furrow. Crown deep and wide, with vigorous branches, units, stretched horizontally, can cover the maximal development of 200-300 sqm. Lujerii annually, vigorous, edge, brown-olive trees, glabra, with small lenticele rare.
Aglaia odorata is a tree native to Southeast Asia and grown as an ornamental tree throughout the Pacific Rim. In the Philippines, a decoction of roots is used as a drink to reduce fever.
Corylus avellana - hazelnut
Corylus avellana - shrub, common in Europe and western Asia, from plains to 1,200 m altitude, increase in association with Acer pseudoplatanus, Crataegus laevigata, Crataegus monogyna, Fraxinus excelsior, Lonicera xylosteum, Salix caprea, Sambucus nigra and Sorbus aria.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck
Popular names: English - Red-edged Dracaena, Madagascar Dragon-Tree, Hawaii - money tree.
Dracaena marginata Lemarck is an evergreen species native to Madagascar, was imported into Europe in the XVII century. Bush by 6 m high, formed more vertical stems. Leaves arranged spiral, simple, Sesia, entire, linear, evergreen, green with reddish margins, 15-45 x 0,7-3 cm; nervatiuni parallel.
Dombeya tiliacea (Endl.) Planch.
Shrub or small tree, 3.10 x 2.7 m, trunk branched, bark dark gray, rough. Leaves alternate, 4.9 x 3-7 cm, three-lobed basis cordata, margine teeth face bottom covered with fine hairs, stalks pelos, 1-3 cm. Flowers campanulata, 3-4 cm diameter, axillary or terminal, solitary or grouped in a raceme, petals white, obovata.
Ageratum houstonianum - rods
Ageratum houstonianum is an ornamental species cultivated for borders, cut flowers or pots. In Europe it is cultivated as ornamental plants in the 1800.
Erinus alpinus L.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Stem branched, forming bush, 5-15 cm high. Leaves spatulate, 4 cm long, needle tapered. Flowers purple, 1.25 cm diameter, arranged in raceme of 6 cm long. Seeds ellipsoidal, 0.6-0.8 x 0.35-0.45 mm supreafata glossy, dark brown.
Herbaceous perennial. Procumbenta or decumbenta stem, 10-30 x 30-120 cm, with 4 edges, pear. Leaves tri-or tri-lobate penatsectat, lobes linear, 2-3.5 x 2-3 cm, entire or toothed, top obtuse. Flowers solitary in the armpit bracteelor, blue, purple, red-purple, lilac, or white. Calyx tubular, 6-9 mm needle 5 sepa unequal, linear, top acute.