Scientific name - Rosa gallia L.
Popular names - rosa rossa, french rose, red rose officinale.
Distribution and Habitat - grows in central and southern Europe to Iraq. It was found in Turkey, on the dunes.
Description - shrub, 100-150 cm tall, robust system radically, lignificat produces underground runners. The stems are green, with red points. Leaves imparipenate; 3.7 Folio, oval or elliptical, or short stalks Sesi, evening edge, upper surface glossy glabra and lower part is lighter and has many glandular hairs, stalks linear stipele has two wings. Flowers solitary, stalk, receptacle and sepalelor external surface are covered with glandular hairs, and long-5 sepa lanceolata acuminata, some are simple others appear side, 5 dark red petals and I taso, stamens numerous. Blooms in June-July.
Growth rate - slowly.
Tolerances - temperatures up to -25 ° C.
Propagation - the seeds germinate after two years. To shorten this period of germination, stratify semintete is for 2-3 weeks in moist peat at 27-32 ° C. Keep at 3 ° C for another 4 months, while you can germinate. By cuttings, seedlings semi-lignificati in July in the shaded greenhouse, they need about 12 months to be ready for transplanting in place permanently.
Culture - grows on well-drained soils in full sun.
Cultivars and varieties - 'versicolor', R. o. var. officinalis.
Properties and Uses - petals flavoring properties, digestive, astringent, anti-inflammatory.
Petals are collected in May-June. Dry in the shade, in well-ventilated, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Rosa gallia is used in the perfume and cosmetic products in the pharmaceutical industry is used as flavoring preparations with bad taste.
Petals are astringent and digestive disorders.
Internal use - an infusion of petals - 1-2 g in 100 ml water. Two to three cups a day.
External use - infusion of polyethyleneof - 3.6 g in 100 ml water. To gargle, wash and compresses the lips and mouth.
Tincture Vinoasă - 10 g in 100 ml white wine, place it soak for 5 days. It compresses the irritated area.
Myth, legend and folklore - has been cultivated by the Greeks and Romans, and was common in medieval gardens.
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