26
Feb
2009
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Synonyms - Rosmarinus lavandulaceus Noah

Popular names - biberye, rosemary, Rosmarino officinale, Rosemary, morskaja Rosa, Romero.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Mediterranean regions.

Description - evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear, upper surface is glossy green, the bottom is white. The flowers are gathered in groups to armpit leaves, calyx tubular, Corola tubular, blue-violet.

Tolerances - long cold or wet soil.

Requirements - Need acid soil, well drained, moderately fertile, sunny in the exhibition. Hang up to minimum temperatures (-9) - (-7) ° C. Plants is protected from winter frosts.

Propagation - Seed, spring in a greenhouse at 20 ° C. seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. The seedlings, after blooming.

Natural partners and Garden - Buddleja davidii, Canna ‘Pretoria’, Chrysanthemum x superbum, Cistus sp., Lavandula sp., Salvia sp., Verbena.

Cultivation and varieties - 'Prostratus',' Arp ',' Benenden Blue ',' Pinkie ', Primley Blue', R. o. var. albiflorus,

Properties and Uses - branches with leaves flavoring properties, appetizers, digestive antispasmatice, diuretics, balsamic, antiseptic, stimulant.

Young branches with leaves are collected spring, avoiding the lignificate. The branches are dried in the shade arranged in thin layers, or gathered in bunches, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.

Are obtained from rosemary essential oils, used in perfumery and cosmetics, liqueurs and pharmacy. For internal use, rosemary, has digestive properties, antispasmotice and carminative. For external use is a good antispetic.

Internal use - branches – for good digestion, stimulate diuresis, relieve cough, strengthened the body is a infusion of 1 g in 100 ml water. A cup after the main meals. Tincture of 2 g in 100 ml alcohol 70 °, soak for 5 days, half a teaspoon with sugar. Tintura Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of wine, soak for 5 days, a small glass after meals.

External use - branches - to purify the skin for rheumatism. Infusion of 5 g in 100 ml of water, washes, rinses and gargle, compresses and partial bathrooms.

References

Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005

Aann Jo Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005

Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997

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