26
Feb
2009
Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Green Pharmacy | Trees and shrubs | Magnoliopsida

Scientific name - Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Synonyms - Rosmarinus lavandulaceus Noah

Popular names - biberye, rosemary, Rosmarino officinale, Rosemary, morskaja Rosa, Romero.

Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Mediterranean regions.

Description - evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear, upper surface is glossy green, the bottom is white. The flowers are gathered in groups to armpit leaves, calyx tubular, Corola tubular, blue-violet.

Tolerances - long cold or wet soil.

Requirements - Need acid soil, well drained, moderately fertile, sunny in the exhibition. Hang up to minimum temperatures (-9) - (-7) ° C. Plants is protected from winter frosts.

Propagation - Seed, spring in a greenhouse at 20 ° C. seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. The seedlings, after blooming.

Natural partners and Garden - Buddleja davidii, Canna ‘Pretoria’, Chrysanthemum x superbum, Cistus sp., Lavandula sp., Salvia sp., Verbena.

Cultivation and varieties - 'Prostratus',' Arp ',' Benenden Blue ',' Pinkie ', Primley Blue', R. o. var. albiflorus,

Properties and Uses - branches with leaves flavoring properties, appetizers, digestive antispasmatice, diuretics, balsamic, antiseptic, stimulant.

Young branches with leaves are collected spring, avoiding the lignificate. The branches are dried in the shade arranged in thin layers, or gathered in bunches, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.

Are obtained from rosemary essential oils, used in perfumery and cosmetics, liqueurs and pharmacy. For internal use, rosemary, has digestive properties, antispasmotice and carminative. For external use is a good antispetic.

Internal use - branches – for good digestion, stimulate diuresis, relieve cough, strengthened the body is a infusion of 1 g in 100 ml water. A cup after the main meals. Tincture of 2 g in 100 ml alcohol 70 °, soak for 5 days, half a teaspoon with sugar. Tintura Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of wine, soak for 5 days, a small glass after meals.

External use - branches - to purify the skin for rheumatism. Infusion of 5 g in 100 ml of water, washes, rinses and gargle, compresses and partial bathrooms.

References

Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005

Aann Jo Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005

Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006

Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997

Photos
Top
See also
Top
Green Pharmacy
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Evergreen tree, 25-70 m high x 5 m diameter trunk base. Ritidom rough, exfoliating in gray is the upper of the trunk and branches, in long strips. 12-15 x 12-25 mm buds. Leaves are opposite, in pairs, united among themselves in the green-glauca, 6-15 cm long, adult leaves alternate, 15-35 cm long, lanceolata and arched, the asymmetric top long-acuminata, sturdy stalks.

 
Melia azedarach L.

Name the genre, Melia, derived from Greek and 'azedarach', the Persian word and means 'noble trees'.

Popular name: English: bread tree, Persian lilac, China berry; Nepal: bakaino, Tibet: smag sing.

Distrubuire - in Nepal at around 700-1700 m altitude village in Iran Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Bhutan and China.

 
Ziziphus jujuba Mill - jujuba

Deciduu tree, 5.12 m high. Stalk annually, thin, 2-3 mm diameter, pale green, glabra, geniculati. Leaves alternate, bright green, elliptical language-lanceolata, margine crenata, top obtuse or emarginat, the round or asymmetrical, 3-5 cm long; nervatiune arch, median rib and a pair of secondary ribs, pale green stalks, 5-7 mm .

 
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita

Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.

 
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Trees and shrubs
Myrsine africana

Evergreen shrub or small tree, 1-2 m high. Branched or with a single stem, thin, often branched stalk with fine hairs, covered with scars of fallen leaves. Leaves alternate, elliptic-round, 5-15 x 5-10 mm, top and tapered-round basis, margins finely toothed or entire, glossy dark green on upper side, more pale green inside; countries, glabra, occasionally glandular, ribbed very short.

 
Campsis radicans

Genus was created by Portuguese botanist João de Loureiro (1717-1791) in the 1790 Flora Cochinchinensis for Campsis grandiflora. Linne named species with TECOM radicans and Thunberg gave the name of Bignonia radicans.

 
Acer platanoides - norway maple

Acer platanoides - used as an ornamental species in parks and gardens, but also the green street.

In the United States was introduced around 1700 in East Pensilveniei. It was introduced as ornamental species, the green street, in many areas of culture out of control and become invasive species.

 
Teline canariensis

Teline canariensis - shrub native (endemic) of Tenerife and Gran Canaria, grows at the edge of forests of Pinus radiata and Laurus canariensis novo in association with Neotinea maculata, Hypericum reflexum and Cystus sympithifolius, from 500 to 1500 m altitude.

 
Areca catechu L.

Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.

Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.

 
Magnoliopsida
Westringia rigida

Shrub 3 m high. Leaves disposed in each vertical 3 (4), the busiest peak, linear, 1.5 cm long, acuminata-mucronata, bright green top and white on the inside of the main rib prominent, margins Revol.

 
Viburnum opulus L. - calin, snowball

Originally from Europe, grows spontaneously in the Netherlands, the soil rich in forests, and forest edge. Description - shrub, 1,3-3,5 m high; ritidom smooth, exfoliating in strips is, open gray on the outside, Brown -yellow on the inside, branched stem. Leaves opposite, 3-lobate, margin iregulat evening, the round or truncata, top acuminata, glabra on the upper face, lower face pubescent, dark green in summer, yellow-orange in autumn.

 
Arabis turrita

Arabis turrita - herbaceous annual native to Europe, growing on limestone cliffs, rocky coasts, in the bushes in the plain region until mountain floor.

 
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia

Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.

Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.

 
Quillaja saponaria

Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links