Scientific name - Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Synonyms - Rosmarinus lavandulaceus Noah
Popular names - biberye, rosemary, Rosmarino officinale, Rosemary, morskaja Rosa, Romero.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Mediterranean regions.
Description - evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear, upper surface is glossy green, the bottom is white. The flowers are gathered in groups to armpit leaves, calyx tubular, Corola tubular, blue-violet.
Tolerances - long cold or wet soil.
Requirements - Need acid soil, well drained, moderately fertile, sunny in the exhibition. Hang up to minimum temperatures (-9) - (-7) ° C. Plants is protected from winter frosts.
Propagation - Seed, spring in a greenhouse at 20 ° C. seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. The seedlings, after blooming.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Prostratus',' Arp ',' Benenden Blue ',' Pinkie ', Primley Blue', R. o. var. albiflorus,
Properties and Uses - branches with leaves flavoring properties, appetizers, digestive antispasmatice, diuretics, balsamic, antiseptic, stimulant.
Young branches with leaves are collected spring, avoiding the lignificate. The branches are dried in the shade arranged in thin layers, or gathered in bunches, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Are obtained from rosemary essential oils, used in perfumery and cosmetics, liqueurs and pharmacy. For internal use, rosemary, has digestive properties, antispasmotice and carminative. For external use is a good antispetic.
Internal use - branches – for good digestion, stimulate diuresis, relieve cough, strengthened the body is a infusion of 1 g in 100 ml water. A cup after the main meals. Tincture of 2 g in 100 ml alcohol 70 °, soak for 5 days, half a teaspoon with sugar. Tintura Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of wine, soak for 5 days, a small glass after meals.
External use - branches - to purify the skin for rheumatism. Infusion of 5 g in 100 ml of water, washes, rinses and gargle, compresses and partial bathrooms.
Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005
Aann Jo Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Cichorium intybus - Chicory
Herbaceous biennial or perennial. Stem erect, with branches hispida, geniculate .30 to 120 cm tall. Roots spindle, long on break leaving a bitter white latex. Basal leaves in rosette, petiolate, lamina oblong-lanceolata, lirat-pinatifide or toothed, 30 x 12 cm. The leaves are caulinare Sesi, alternate, oblong-lanceolata.
Trees and shrubs
Aesculus hippocastanum - common horsechestnut
Aesculus hippocastanum - is used in parks and gardens, the tree line, solitary or in groups. The flowers are bees, and seeds contain starch, protein, tannin, saponin and edible oil, which can be manufactured soap, technical oil, glue, medicines. Species not produce forest wood is of poor quality.
Prunus armeniaca - apricot
Prunus armeniaca - shrub or small tree, native of northeastern China, knew and cultivated worldwide for its edible fruit.
The seeds of Prunus armeniaca extract oil used in perfume industry, cosmetics and pharmacy.
Sophora derived from Arabic and means tree with pea flowers. Specific epithet is in honor davidii Abbe Armand David, a French missionary and naturalist who contributed to the knowledge of flora and fauna of China.
Sophora davidii is from Hubei, China, where it grows on rocky places at elevations of 1 000 - 3 500 m.
Catalpa bignonioides - deciduu tree, a native of south-eastern United States in Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. Cultivated as an ornamental tree.
Drypetes natalensis (Harv.) Hutch
Small tree, 10 m high, branches edges. Leaves alternate, language narrow oblong or elliptic, round base, asymmetrical, margins deeply soirees, shiny dark green on the upper face, and green inside. Stipele linear, 0.1 cm. Flowers in bundles, appear in the armpit leaves and on old wood, male flowers are nested sepa 4.5, 0 petals
Herbaceous annual, voluble, mono. Strain pentagonal in section, 6 m high. Leaves alternate, 5-7 lobate, the cordata, acuminata peak or acute, margins iregulat needle, 5-7 ribs, limb 15 x 15 cm, 10 cm long, ribbed, hairy. Flowers monoecious, in axillary Cime, long-pedunculate, yellow, 8 cm in diameter.
Tree 15-40 m high, trunk 1 m in diameter. Subsesile leaves or stalks, stalks up to 3 cm long, glabru or glabrescent; language to narrow obovata ovata, ovat-lanceolata, 6-15 x 2.5-7 cm, margins evening, the round, top-acute acuminata.
Impatiens parviflora - species herbaceous annual. Hailing from northeast Asia, Europe grow in the forests of beech, river edges, from 500 to 1200 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial calcifuga, dioica, 30 cm high, caespitosa, densely pubescent. Prostrata strain or upward. Leaves acute seriacee with obvious central rib, lower leaves 9 x 1.5 cm subspatulate to oblong-lanceolata, ribbed, those of the middle stem is elliptical to oblong-lanceolata, united at the base.