Scientific name - Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Synonyms - Rosmarinus lavandulaceus Noah
Popular names - biberye, rosemary, Rosmarino officinale, Rosemary, morskaja Rosa, Romero.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Mediterranean regions.
Description - evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear, upper surface is glossy green, the bottom is white. The flowers are gathered in groups to armpit leaves, calyx tubular, Corola tubular, blue-violet.
Tolerances - long cold or wet soil.
Requirements - Need acid soil, well drained, moderately fertile, sunny in the exhibition. Hang up to minimum temperatures (-9) - (-7) ° C. Plants is protected from winter frosts.
Propagation - Seed, spring in a greenhouse at 20 ° C. seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. The seedlings, after blooming.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Prostratus',' Arp ',' Benenden Blue ',' Pinkie ', Primley Blue', R. o. var. albiflorus,
Properties and Uses - branches with leaves flavoring properties, appetizers, digestive antispasmatice, diuretics, balsamic, antiseptic, stimulant.
Young branches with leaves are collected spring, avoiding the lignificate. The branches are dried in the shade arranged in thin layers, or gathered in bunches, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Are obtained from rosemary essential oils, used in perfumery and cosmetics, liqueurs and pharmacy. For internal use, rosemary, has digestive properties, antispasmotice and carminative. For external use is a good antispetic.
Internal use - branches – for good digestion, stimulate diuresis, relieve cough, strengthened the body is a infusion of 1 g in 100 ml water. A cup after the main meals. Tincture of 2 g in 100 ml alcohol 70 °, soak for 5 days, half a teaspoon with sugar. Tintura Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of wine, soak for 5 days, a small glass after meals.
External use - branches - to purify the skin for rheumatism. Infusion of 5 g in 100 ml of water, washes, rinses and gargle, compresses and partial bathrooms.
Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005
Aann Jo Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Aloe vera Mill.
Anthyllis vulneraria L. - head Turcului, harmful
Herbaceous perennial herb, polymorphic, rhizome. Prostrata strain or ascending, pubescent, hairs white, 5-40 cm high. Basal leaves, arranged in rosette, stems leaves alternate, imparipenat-compound, folio oblong-linear, foliole terminal is greater than the side glabrata or slightly pubescent on the upper face, lower face and Seto.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Species native to North America, lies at altitudes up to 1500 m in Romania is less common in parks and gardens as ornamental species.
Leaves, branches and bark is an aromatic oil extracts used in medicine.
Tilia cordata - Small-leaved lime, lime hill
Scientific Name - Tilia cordata
Synonyms - Tilia parvifolia Ehrh., Tilia ulmifolia Purpose ..
Names of people - small-leaved lime, lime sulfur, lime hill, Littleleaf Linden, Lindenbluten, Tiliae flos, Fleur de Tilleul.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in Europe, grows on nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Description - tree, 20 feet tall. Trunk as thick (can reach up to 1 m diameter). Bark on young specimens is smooth, gray to dark gray becomes mature specimens or brown, pitted. Crown oval, conical. Olive-green stems, at first pubescent then glabrata. Buds 4-6 mm long, usually two outer scales unequal, shiny, olive-green to red-brown, terminal bud is absent. Leaves alternate, simple, subrotunde - ovate, 5-7 c
Tilia cordata - tree, native of Europe, increases in nutrient-rich soil in warm areas.
Lime flowers are the most popular remedy for colds and flu, tea is used to treat headaches, anxiety and nervous tension.
Trees and shrubs
Quercus cerris L. - Turkey Oak
Quercus cerris - a species native to south-eastern Europe, cultivated as an ornamental tree, singly or in small groups.
Firmiana simplex - also known as Sterculia platanifolia, was named in honor of Karl Joseph von Firmiana (1718-1782).
Firmiana simplex - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens in shady and protected from winds exhibitions.
Carpinus betulus - hard wood shaft with durable but less humid conditions. Suprta trimming and better suited for bonsai training.
Areca catechu L.
Popular names - English: Areca, Areca-nut, betel nut palm, French: cachou falling within subheading, Arequier, German: Betelnusspalme, Guam: pugua, India: Pan, Spanish: catechou hand, Yap: bu.
Areca catechu - originating in eastern Africa, southern Asia and the Pacific Islands. Grows in tropical climates at altitudes from 0 to 900 m.
Clerodendrum bungei - ornamental species grown in parks and gardens and in pots but terraces. Leaves crushed leaves an unpleasant odor. In hot and humid climates become invasive.
Gentiana verna L.
Gentiana verna - a species native to southern central Europe, Russia, England and Ireland, increasing the Alpine and subalpine meadows, wetlands, from 400 to 2600 m altitude.
Euphorbia pulcherrima - Poinsetia
Description - shrub, 20-50 cm high. Decidue leaves, oval, 10-15 cm long needle, or pointed. Flowers small, yellow-green, surrounded by bracts 15-20 cm long, red, pink or white.
Tolerances - not tolerate too hot environments, usacte and poorly lit, leaves turn yellow and fall.
Polemonium caeruleum - species used as ornamental plants in gardens with spontaneous or rock gardens. Are planted at 30 cm distance between plants.