Scientific name - Rosmarinus officinalis L.
Synonyms - Rosmarinus lavandulaceus Noah
Popular names - biberye, rosemary, Rosmarino officinale, Rosemary, morskaja Rosa, Romero.
Distribution and Habitat - originating in the Mediterranean regions.
Description - evergreen shrub, 50 - 300 cm, stem erect, latita to the very ramified, in the lower trunk bark is exfoliating in longitudinal strips, dark brown. The leaves are coriacee, persistent, Sesia, linear, upper surface is glossy green, the bottom is white. The flowers are gathered in groups to armpit leaves, calyx tubular, Corola tubular, blue-violet.
Tolerances - long cold or wet soil.
Requirements - Need acid soil, well drained, moderately fertile, sunny in the exhibition. Hang up to minimum temperatures (-9) - (-7) ° C. Plants is protected from winter frosts.
Propagation - Seed, spring in a greenhouse at 20 ° C. seeds germinate after 1-2 weeks. The seedlings, after blooming.
Cultivation and varieties - 'Prostratus',' Arp ',' Benenden Blue ',' Pinkie ', Primley Blue', R. o. var. albiflorus,
Properties and Uses - branches with leaves flavoring properties, appetizers, digestive antispasmatice, diuretics, balsamic, antiseptic, stimulant.
Young branches with leaves are collected spring, avoiding the lignificate. The branches are dried in the shade arranged in thin layers, or gathered in bunches, are preserved in glass or porcelain containers.
Are obtained from rosemary essential oils, used in perfumery and cosmetics, liqueurs and pharmacy. For internal use, rosemary, has digestive properties, antispasmotice and carminative. For external use is a good antispetic.
Internal use - branches – for good digestion, stimulate diuresis, relieve cough, strengthened the body is a infusion of 1 g in 100 ml water. A cup after the main meals. Tincture of 2 g in 100 ml alcohol 70 °, soak for 5 days, half a teaspoon with sugar. Tintura Vinoasă of 2 g in 100 ml of wine, soak for 5 days, a small glass after meals.
External use - branches - to purify the skin for rheumatism. Infusion of 5 g in 100 ml of water, washes, rinses and gargle, compresses and partial bathrooms.
Clive Lane - Plants for Small Spaces - Horticulture Books, 2005
Aann Jo Gardner - Herbs in Bloom - Timber Press, 2005
Sarah Garland - The Complete Book of Herbs & Spices - Frances Lincoln, 2006
Umberto Boni, Gianfranco Patri - Guida pratica e per Riconoscere Illustrate it is Usare Erbe - Gulliver, 1997
Sanguisorba officinalis - sangereasa
Herbaceous perennial. Stem erect, branched, galbra, 30-100 cm tall. Imparipenat-compound leaves, 20 - 40 cm long, 5-15 folio oval, irregularly toothed edge. Flowers hermaphrodite in capital combined terminal, brown or black-purple, 2-3 bracteole, Receptacle deeply concave; 4 SEPA, 4 stamens (rarely 2).
Kallstroemia Max (L.) Hook. & Arn.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Agrimonia eupatoria L. - caoda Cancer, high turita
Agrimonia eupatoria - a perennial herb with a short rhizome and erect, hairy, usually unbranched stem. The basal leaves are arranged in a rosette. Is a common plant throughout Europe, ii is rare in north Scotland.
Trees and shrubs
Ilex aquifolium is a shrub native to Britain, 8 meters high. Crown dense pyramid. Bark is smooth, gray, alternate leaves, coriacee, ovat-elliptical or pointed spinal rigid, acute, those tricky steps and with the lower branches of the PA wave the upper branches, evergreen, bright green, toxic.
Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) JWMoore
Shrub or small tree, 7.5-15 m high; ritidom thin, scaly, producing a scaly trunk. Leaves pungent rum, obovata to elliptic, 3-15 x 1.2-7.5 cm, acute to round at the narrow top, coriacee.
Ostrya carpinifolia - used as an ornamental species for gardens, parks and green street.
Ostrya is derived from Greek 'Ostrya', referring to the shape of bracts that protect the fruit.
Evergreen tree, 15-20 m high. Leaves simple, alternate, coriacee, limb oval edge gear, 2.5-5 cm long, short stalks. Flowers arranged in dense corymb, hermaphrodite, pentamere, white, 1.5 cm in diameter, calyx of 5 SEPA. Fruit capsule, containing 10-20 seeds.
Alnus incana (L.) Moench - white alder
Mano tree or shrub that can reach 20 m, with stem often crooked, crown with branches thick, upward, lush foliage, lujerii in young gray, pubescent. Bark smooth, shiny, whitish gray, the old copies, to the base with shallow cracks. Wide elliptical leaves up to ovata, by 4.10 cm long, 4-6 cm wide, rounded to the double needle and lobe, pointed, gray green face, white inside gray, furry, ready alternative.
Rosa 'American Pillar'
Rambler, 4-6 x 3 m. The simple flowers grouped in bouquets of flowers or solitary, 5-20, 5-6 cm diameter, red-fuchsia, deep red with a white spot in center, yellow anthers are visible. Leaves dark green, shiny, becoming purple before falling. Bloom once a year in June-July.
Wisteria sinensis - Chinese wisteria
Wisteria sinensis - is considered invasive in some places around the globe. In most cases become established in places where it is cultivated ornamental.
Where there is danger of becoming glycineinvasive is better to be replaced with Aristolochia macrophylla, Bignonoa capreolata, Campsis radicand, Lonicera sempervirens, Wisteria frutescens.
Asclepias fruticosa - shrub native from South Africa, introduced in the Mediterranean for textiles.