28
Oct
2009
Saccharum officinarum - Sugar cane
Flowers | Liliopsida

Scientific name - Saccharum officinarum L.

Synonyms --

Popular names - sugar cane, sugar cane, cane de Azucar, ampeu, sweet cup, Canna da zuccheri, Canne de Sucre, May mia, sakhara, teboe, TEBU, uuka, Zukerrohr.

Distribution and Habitat - originally from New Guinea is rich in sugar STEM in India, China, Africa, South America, Australia.

Description - herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry. Leaves linear-lanceolata, 1.5 m long, 10 cm wide at the base, margins slightly soirees;Main rib prominent, white, concave on the upper side and green on the underside. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 1 m long. Spicurile are arranged in pairs, one pedicel and the other sessile, with silky silvery hairs. Jokes equal cartacee. Ovata seeds, yellow-brown, 1 cm long. 2n = 80

Requirements - warm climate, fertile soil, abundant water.

Cultivars and varieties - 'Pele's Smoke' purple stems. 'Violaceum'.

Properties and Uses - The roots are diuretic properties. The stem is sweet, emollient, laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, expectorant and tonic.

Myth, Legend and Folklore --

Cortés encouraged the cultivation of sugarcane in 1530. before Cortés in Mexico and India have started producing honey, or syrup, distilled from the leaves or stems.

In 1600, Brazil was the largest growing trare sugar, then and Africa, India, Australia and Hawaii.

References

Ivan A. Cross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2005

RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991

William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004

See also
Top
Flowers
Tribulus terrestris - the old woman's teeth

Herbaceous annual, prostrata, with branches 80 cm long. Paripenat-compound leaves, 4-8 folio, oblong folio, 4.12 x 4 mm. Sepa 2-4 mm long. Petals 3.6 mm long. Stigma pyramidal-elongated. Blooms in May-September.

 
Ajuga chamaepitys

Ajuga chamaepitys - herbaceous annual Euro-Mediterranean, grows around the Mediterranean, in warm and dry, up to 1500 m altitude.

 
Paeonia lactiflora

Herbaceous perennial, 50-80 cm tall, vigorous root-branched, cylindrical, 5-20 cm long and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Strain fasciculated, erect, branched in upper parts. Leaves alternate, Terni-compound, the last segment with red ribbed, oblong-elliptic; foliolele are ongust-ovata or elliptic, 8-12 x 2-4 cm. 6.10 cm long stalks

 
Nicotiana alata

Nicotiana alata - perennial species, native to Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The genus name 'Nicotiana' was given in honor of Jean Nicot of Villemain, French consul in Lisbon, which in 1560 sent seeds to France.

 
Papaver aurantiacum

Papaver aurantiacum - perennial species, grows on limestone debris and rocky places in alpine and subalpine region.

 
Liliopsida
Galanthus nivalis L.

Bulbous perennial species with herbaceous matter, erect, bulb ovoid, dark brown tunic, 1.5 x 2.4 cm. Leaves basal, 20 cm long, linear-lanceolata, rounded at the top. Flowers generally solitary, clocks, accompanied by a shoulder 3-4 cm long, 3 tepale flower is composed of external and internal 3 tepale erection of about 1cm, biloba, white with green spots

 
Strelitzia reginae - Bird of Paradise

Strelitzia is a genus containing five species of perennial, originating from southern Africa belong to the family Strelitziaceae.

Genus name is derived from the queen of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III of England, promoter of botany.

 
Bletilla striata

Bletilla are easy to grow,  to shady borders, where they make a handsome textural combination with ferns.

 
Spathiphyllum wallisii

Wallisii Spathiphyllum is one of the most common plants of the genus grown as indoor plants. Appearance herbaceous, 30 cm tall, with short stem, oval leaves with long petiole-lanceolata. Flowers small, yellow blossom gathered in a cylinder surrounded by a white shoulder.

 
Hedychium coronarium - white ginger

Herbaceous perennial, 1-1.5 m inaltme, fleshy rhizome. Leaves alternate, decidue, language sessile 28-40 x 4.7 cm, narrow elliptic, apex long-acuminata, the acute glabra on top, the furry bottom steps. Flowering 4.10 x 3.6 cm. Bractei persistent ovat-triangulation, green, 4-7 x 2-4 cm, margins membranous.

 
   Add to iGoogle
Last posts

Categories

Links