Scientific name - Saccharum officinarum L.
Popular names - sugar cane, sugar cane, cane de Azucar, ampeu, sweet cup, Canna da zuccheri, Canne de Sucre, May mia, sakhara, teboe, TEBU, uuka, Zukerrohr.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from New Guinea is rich in sugar STEM in India, China, Africa, South America, Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry. Leaves linear-lanceolata, 1.5 m long, 10 cm wide at the base, margins slightly soirees;Main rib prominent, white, concave on the upper side and green on the underside. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 1 m long. Spicurile are arranged in pairs, one pedicel and the other sessile, with silky silvery hairs. Jokes equal cartacee. Ovata seeds, yellow-brown, 1 cm long. 2n = 80
Requirements - warm climate, fertile soil, abundant water.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Pele's Smoke' purple stems. 'Violaceum'.
Properties and Uses - The roots are diuretic properties. The stem is sweet, emollient, laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, expectorant and tonic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Cortés encouraged the cultivation of sugarcane in 1530. before Cortés in Mexico and India have started producing honey, or syrup, distilled from the leaves or stems.
In 1600, Brazil was the largest growing trare sugar, then and Africa, India, Australia and Hawaii.
Ivan A. Cross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2005
RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Asclepias currasavica - scarlet milkweed
Asclepias currasavica - species used as ornamental plants for small gardens, in combination with other herbs such as Echinacea purpurea, Ratibida pinnata, ornamental grasses.
Lysimachia vulgaris - perennial species, herbaceous with underground rhizome widespread in temperate regions of Europe and Asia, grows in wet environments, wetlands, side channels and water courses, from 0 to 1200 m altitude.
Herbaceous perennial, fleshy rhizome. Flexible stem, erect to decumbenta, ribbed, light purple, 8-20 cm high. Leaves petiolate, green-glauca, glabra, 5-10 cm long, leaf-ovat basal orbiculare or reniforme; caulinare lanceolata-spatulate leaves, base cuneata, top acute, edge teeth caulinare upper leaves are elliptical, bracteiforme.
Planta voluble, originally from Indonesia and the Philippines. Cordiforme leaves, green with white spots, 6-8 cm long, thin stalks, 3-4 cm long, adult leaves oblong-or cordiforme lanceolata, 10-15 cm long, petiole 1.5-2 cm long.
Agave americana - herbaceous plant, perennial, rhizome drajonant. Arid soils increases in southern Texas, but naturalized in warm regions of the globe.
Agave blooms just once in its life cycle, from 80-100 years after the plant dies.
Musa sp. - Bananas
Herbaceous perennial, 2-9 m high. Fibrous roots may reach up to 1.5 m deep. Trunk false shoots. 6-20 leaves arranged spiral around the edge at first, wrapped trunk. Unisexuate hermaphrodite flowers in bunches, each bunch is covered by a red to purple bracts.
Belamcanda chinensis - perennial species, native to eastern Asia, cultivated as ornamental species for borders or rock garden.
Tulipa acuminata Vahl - The name of this species was introduced in 1813, when Martin Vahl, a professor of botany, including the list of plants grown in the Botanical Garden of Copenhagen.
Tulipa acuminata can grow to 40-50 cm high, leaves lanceolata, glauca. Flower solitary; tepale linear-lanceolata, acuminata; tepala is greater than 13 cm long.