Scientific name - Saccharum officinarum L.
Popular names - sugar cane, sugar cane, cane de Azucar, ampeu, sweet cup, Canna da zuccheri, Canne de Sucre, May mia, sakhara, teboe, TEBU, uuka, Zukerrohr.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from New Guinea is rich in sugar STEM in India, China, Africa, South America, Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry. Leaves linear-lanceolata, 1.5 m long, 10 cm wide at the base, margins slightly soirees;Main rib prominent, white, concave on the upper side and green on the underside. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 1 m long. Spicurile are arranged in pairs, one pedicel and the other sessile, with silky silvery hairs. Jokes equal cartacee. Ovata seeds, yellow-brown, 1 cm long. 2n = 80
Requirements - warm climate, fertile soil, abundant water.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Pele's Smoke' purple stems. 'Violaceum'.
Properties and Uses - The roots are diuretic properties. The stem is sweet, emollient, laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, expectorant and tonic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Cortés encouraged the cultivation of sugarcane in 1530. before Cortés in Mexico and India have started producing honey, or syrup, distilled from the leaves or stems.
In 1600, Brazil was the largest growing trare sugar, then and Africa, India, Australia and Hawaii.
Ivan A. Cross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2005
RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004
Rhaponticum scariosum - Alpine endemic species, grows on mountain pastures from 750 to 2500 m altitude.
Solidago caesia - blue-stemmed goldenrod
Solidago box to - perennial species, native to North America, grows naturally in dry soils on roadsides.
Scrophularia nodosa - perennial species, grows in wet forests, rape and besides water, from 0-1800 m altitude.
Anthurium amnicola - herbaceous perennial, epiphytic, originally from Panama, rainforest grows from 600 to 900 m altitude.
Herbaceous annual or perennial. Strain decumbenta - upward, often is wood based. Leaves alternate, entire or pinnate-sectors. Capital solitary and axillary. Involucre with bractei placed on 2-3 lines. Flowers tubular, orange. Ligula sterile flowers, yellow-orange, top with 4 teeth. Receptacle convex or flat. Acorn obovoide, densely-hairy.
Encyclia Hanbury (Lindley) Schlechter, 1914.
Herbaceous perennial, evergreen. Pseudobulb 8 x 4 cm. 1.2 leaves, elliptic-lanceolata, or elliptic-oblong, obtuse, 23 x 3 cm. Raceme blossom or panic, 100 cm long, 15-35 flowers, flower 5 cm diameter.
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Palm mono, with one strain. Trunk erect, gray, 20 m high and 50 cm in diameter. Paripenat-leaves are compound, folio 200-250 pairs of linear-lanceolata. 4,5-5,5 m long Frondele and stalks are covered quarter length. Foliolele have 1,5-5 cm wide. Ribbed rachides may be green or bronze.
Herbaceous perennial. Rhizome long, soft, or short and nodosa. Stem 1 m tall, sterile stems short. Leaves alternate, short stalks, lamina linear - ovata, margins entire, nervatiune parallel. Blossom terminal umbela-loose.