Scientific name - Saccharum officinarum L.
Popular names - sugar cane, sugar cane, cane de Azucar, ampeu, sweet cup, Canna da zuccheri, Canne de Sucre, May mia, sakhara, teboe, TEBU, uuka, Zukerrohr.
Distribution and Habitat - originally from New Guinea is rich in sugar STEM in India, China, Africa, South America, Australia.
Description - herbaceous perennial strain neramificata, 3-4 m high, 3-5 cm diameter. Roots of two ways, first type is formed from Butas after planting, are thin and bends, the second type of primary shoots grow roots flashy and less branched, with all the old roots are brown and dry. Leaves linear-lanceolata, 1.5 m long, 10 cm wide at the base, margins slightly soirees;Main rib prominent, white, concave on the upper side and green on the underside. Flowers arranged in terminal panicule, 1 m long. Spicurile are arranged in pairs, one pedicel and the other sessile, with silky silvery hairs. Jokes equal cartacee. Ovata seeds, yellow-brown, 1 cm long. 2n = 80
Requirements - warm climate, fertile soil, abundant water.
Cultivars and varieties - 'Pele's Smoke' purple stems. 'Violaceum'.
Properties and Uses - The roots are diuretic properties. The stem is sweet, emollient, laxative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, expectorant and tonic.
Myth, Legend and Folklore --
Cortés encouraged the cultivation of sugarcane in 1530. before Cortés in Mexico and India have started producing honey, or syrup, distilled from the leaves or stems.
In 1600, Brazil was the largest growing trare sugar, then and Africa, India, Australia and Hawaii.
Ivan A. Cross - Medicinal Plants of the World - Humana Press, 2005
RHM Langer, GD Hill - Agricultural Plants - Cambridge University Press, 1991
William W. Dunmire, Evangeline L. Dunmire - Gardens of New Spain - University of Texas Press, 2004
Lilium bulbiferum - bulbous species, native to Europe, growing in mountain and submontane grasslands and forests from 500-2200 m altitude. Cultivated as ornamental species on all continents.
Gentiana lutea - mountain species, native to southern Europe, grows on limestone bedrock, on pastures rich in organic matter, from 1000 to 2200 m altitude.
Rizomatoase two perennial species (Epimedium pubigerum and Epimedium alpinum) originating from southern Europe. Stem erect, to 25-38 cm tall, round, smooth, horizontal rhizome. Decidue or semi-evergreen leaves, cordiforme, acuminata, cilia-soirees, petiolate, 13 cm long, green becoming bronze in the fall, Pendente
Hyacinthus orientalis - bulbous perennial with linear to lance-shaped, channeled, bright green leaves, 15-35 cm long. Is classified as an ornamental, and is native to the Mediterranean region. The essential oils found only in the flowers have been used in cosmetics and soap fragrances.
Cleome spinosa - flower spider
Herbaceous annual. Stem herbaceous, simple, viscid-pubescent, 1 m high. Leaves alternate, petiolate, palmate-compound. Petiole 10-15 cm long, glandular and pubescent. Folio 5-7, onblong-anceolate to elliptic, top acute - acuminata, the conical, 15 cm long, margin entire, glandular-pubescent on the upper surface and slightly pubescent on the underside. Raceme blossom, dense, compact, terminal.
Ursinum Allium L. - Aliu of June, Ramsons, wild garlic
Herbaceous perennial, bulb. Oblung bulb. Leaves 2-3, lanceolata, margin entire, top acute, 30 x 3.6 cm. Flowers white, 6-20 hermaphrodite, in whole or pointed umbela backs, caduca; 6 tepale lanceolata, about 1 cm, 6 stamens, superior ovary, peduncle 2 cm. Blooms in May-June. Fruit capsule.
Juicy perennial species, rizomatoasa. Leaves basal, linear, cylindrical, fleshy, 10-15 cm long. Floral stem is 45 cm long. Blossom flowers made up of 40-50 cm, arranged in Raceme 15-30 cm long.
Four new species of Maranta L. Marantaceae in Brazil